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  • 1. COLLEGE NAME- KJ COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & MANAGEMENT RESEARCH, PUNE TEAM DETAILS:- SUJIT LAWALE AKSHAY AYARE VAIBHAV JAGTAP VISHAL GADILKAR AMIT DIVEKAR
  • 2. NOURISH TO FLOURISH: REDUCING MALNUTRITION MALNUTRITION IS FAULTY NUTRITION RESULTING FORM MALABSORPTION, POOR DIET OR OVER HEATING FOLLOWING GROUPS OF PEOPLE ARE AT HIGHEST RISK OF MALNUTRITION:-  ELDERLY PEOPLE, ESPECIALLY THOSE WHO ARE HOSPITALISED  SMALL CHILDREN RIGHT BALANCE OF NUTRIENTS  CARBOHYDRATES  FRUITS AND VEGETABLES  PROTEINS  FATS
  • 3.  ENSURING ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION POLICIES REACH THE POOR  REDESIGNING NUTRITIONS AND HEALTH POLICIES AND PROGRAMS BY DRAWING ON SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR NUTRITIONAL IMPROVEMENT, STRENGTHENING THEIR IMPLIMENTATION AND INCREASING THEIR COVERAGE  INCREASING INVESTMENT AND ACTIONS IN NUTRITIONS SERVICES FOR COMMUNITIES WITH HIGHEST CONCENTRATION OF POOR  FOCUSING PROGRAMS ON GIRLS AND WOMEN’S HEALTH AND NUTRITIONS INDIA SHOULD FOCUS ON FOLLOWING FOUR CROSS-CUTTING STRATEGIC APPROCHES:-
  • 4. MID-DAY MEAL SCHEME:- IN KEEPING WITH THE NATIONAL PRIORITIES THE MID DAY MEAL PROGRAMME IN THE STATE DOES NOT MERELY AIM TO PROVIDE COOKED MEAL, BUT ONE WITH SATISFYING AND PRESCRIBED NUTRITIONAL NORMS. THE NUTRITIONAL NORM THAT IS BEING FOLLOWED IN THE STATE CONSISTS OF A MINIMUM OF 450 CALORIES AND 8-12 GRAMS OF PROTEINS.
  • 5.  MANAGEMENT OF MALNUTRITION:- For malnourished individuals, the goal is to increase muscle mass as well as body fat. Guidelines for gaining weight include: Increase calorie intake Maintain balanced diet that contains extra protein, carbohydrates and fats Meals should be regular and take between meals snacks of protein and complex carbohydrates Avoid drinking before or during meals
  • 6.  Avoid intense activity and take adequate and regular rest to conserve energy and promote weight gain  Resolve underlying emotional disturbance if this is the primary factor of malnutrition  Resolve poverty and support countries withlow economic status.  Improve nutritional knowledge of individuals anfamilies of basic nutritional needs and help them select and prepare foods to insure adequate diet.  Administer drugs, such as recombinant growth hormone, or dronabinol (anti nausea), as prescribed to promote weight gain
  • 7.  Breast feeding should be initiated after delivery.  Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended to 6 months of age. INFANT FEEDING:-
  • 8. REFERENCE:- UN Millennium Project 2005, Halving Hunger http://devdata.worldbank.org/atlas-mdg/ http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/47/Starved_girl.jpg de Onis M, Garza C, Victora CG, Bhan MK, Norum KR, guest editors. The WHO Multicentre Growh Reference Study (MGRS): Rationale, planning and implementation.Food and Nutrition Bulletin,Volume 25, Number 1, Supplement 1, March 2004 . http://www.unu.edu/unupress/food/fnb25-1s-WHO-1.pdf Growth Chart : http://www.who.int/nutrition/media_page/growthchart/en/ Refugee Health: An approach to Emergency Sitations, MSF 1997 http://www.asnom.org/image/510_nutrition/116_327_kwashiorkor.jpg State of the World´s Children 1998, UNICEF http://www.milesresearch.com/main/eyesigns.asp#bitotspots Micronutrient deficiencies: ”Bringing scienceto bear.” Global Strategy for Infant and young Childfeeding, WHO, Geneva Essentials of Pediatrics, Nelson 4th edition 2002. http://encarta.msn.com/media_461516710_761575681_- 1_1/macrophage_engulfing_bacterium.html http://www.avert.org/aids-picture.php?photo_id=1703, Photo of antibody. Global Health and introductory text book, Lindstrand et.al. 2006. (cost of iodizing salt) The revisedBFHI package includes: Section 1: Background and Implementation [pdf 359kb], 2006, http://www.who.int/nutrition/topics/bfhi/en/index.html
  • 9. THANK YOU