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JEPPIAAR

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  • 1. Rural Health Care
  • 2. INTRODUCTION:  Rural Health care is one of biggest challenges faced by the Health Ministry of India . A majority of 700 million people lives in rural areas which accounts for more than 70 percent population where the condition of medical facilities is deplorable. With such low level of health facilities the mortality rates are on an high due to diseases and other factors.  Primary rural health care refers to the health promotion of the rural people .  India also accounts for the largest number of maternity deaths. A majority of which are in rural areas where maternal health care is poor .  31% of the population travels more than 30 km’s to seek healthcare in rural India and 66% of rural Indians do not have the access to the critical medicines
  • 3. PRIMARY HEALTH CARE CENTERS:  In rural India, where the number of Primary health care centers is limited, 8% of the centers do not have doctors or medical staff, 39% do not have lab technicians and 18% of health centers do not even have a pharmacist.  Parallel to the public health sector, is indeed the more popular the private medical sector of India. Both urban and rural Indian households tend to use the private medical sector more frequently than the public sector, as reflected in surveys due to the facilities and faculties. Though there is high standards in private sector they do not serve/ invest in rural areas.
  • 4. QUALITY OF HEALTH  The quality of Indian healthcare is varied. In major urban areas, healthcare is of adequate quality, approaching and occasionally meeting Western standards. However, access to quality medical care is limited or unavailable in most rural areas  Healthcare is the right of every individual but lack of quality infrastructure, dearth of qualified medical functionaries, and non- access to basic medicines and medical facilities thwarts its reach to 60% of population in India. The National Health Policy was endorsed by the Parliament of India in 1983 and updated in 2002. Though a lot of policies and programs are being run by the Government but the success and effectiveness of these programs is questionable due to gaps in the implementation GOVERNMENT POLICIES:
  • 5. ISSUES IN HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
  • 6. THE PROBLEMS :  Due to non accessibility to public health care and low quality of health care services, a majority of people in India turn to the local private health sector as their first choice of care.  If we look at the health landscape of India 92 percent of health care visits are to private providers of which 70 percent is urban population  The trained doctors are less in INDIA around 30000 doctors per year  It’s a six year course and it’s expansive in INDIA  To control the spread of diseases and reduce the growing rates of mortality due to lack of adequate health facilities, special attention needs to be given to the health care in rural areas.  The challenges in the health care sector are low quality of care, poor accountability, lack of awareness, and limited access to facilities.
  • 7. PEOPLE IN VILLAGES SAY THEY ARE IN PEACE THE SURVEY RESULTS DON’T SAY SO… THESE ARE ANOTHER SURVEY RESULTS ON THE NUMBER OF CHILDREN TREATED IN HOSPITALS.
  • 8. HIGH INFANT MORTALITY RATE OTHER MAJOR PROBLEMS: Approximately 1.72 million children die each year before turning one he under five mortality and infant mortality rates have been declining, from 202 and 190 deaths per thousand live births respectively in 1970 to 64 and 50 deaths per thousand live births in 2009
  • 9.  Only 11% of Indian rural families dispose of stools safely whereas 80% of the population leave their stools in the open or throw them in the garbage.  Open air defecation leads to the spread of disease and malnutrition through parasitic and bacterial infections due to no clear knowledge about the Diseases and the safety measures
  • 10. DEMANDS AND SUPPLY OF HEALTHCARE SERVICES:
  • 11.  Our technology is the main toll for the development of the RURAL HEALTH CARE . This improves both accuracy and efficiency of healthcare services at their hospitals. Technology is also being used to access high quality specialists who may not be physically located at the hospitals.  The infrastructure of the hospitals though were designed and built better the improper maintenance ruined it. Proper steps must be taken to maintain the available infrastructure  Rural health centers though does not require high facility, but improvement in the current facility is required.  The emotional content of patient and family member healthcare experiences must be recorded and can serve as the foundation for patient-centered healthcare improvement  The shifting education paradigm that leverages videos and massive online open courses and the implication of these developments for the patient-doctor encounter OUR INNOVATIONS TO IMPROVE RURAL HEALTH CARE:
  • 12.  The accessibility to very remote areas in case of emergency is still a question mark.  Awareness on the common causes of widespread diseases should be given as an individual counseling to people instead of organizing mass camps.  Widespread adoption of electronic health records and electronic clinical documentation, health care organizations will have greater faculty to review clinical data and evaluate the efficacy of quality improvement efforts.  Pay-for-performance program should be implemented in which the medical practioners must be paid according to their performance in rural areas.  Screening of cancer initially and awareness mainly on breast cancer must be spread among women.  Funds must be raised to improve the sanitation facilities which is the primary cause of many diseases.  Several organizations are working alongside the government and NGOs to help relieve the burden on the public health system . These volunteers who are willing to serve the people in rural areas should be backed-up with required funding.  .
  • 13. MAKE IT A BETTER PLACE, MAKE IT A BETTER INDIA, MAKE IT A BETTER PLACE FOR YOU AND FOR ME AND THE ENTIRE HUMAN RAYS. Thank you ARAVIND.C ASHWIN KARTHICK.N KARTHIK.R.M JAYA PRASANTH PRASANTH.P