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jal1 jal1 Document Transcript

  • VISHWAKARMA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PUNE Vinay Prabhu Joshi Omshri Badgujar Pratik Rajurkar Jeevan Joshi Sujit Deshpande
  • 100 million of Indian population is drinking UNSAFE DRINKING WATER and also only 31% is using improved facilities of SANITATION while the rest remain aloof  37 million people are affected by water borne diseases.  1.5 million children die due to diarrhoea alone.  Economic burden caused due to water borne diseases is 73 million working days and cost 600 million$ a year.  Inadequate Sanitation costs INDIA Rs. 2.4 Trillion (US$53.8 Billion)  One gram of feces can contain: 10,000,000 viruses, 1,000,000 bacteria, 1,000 parasite cysts and 100 parasite eggs. 6 9 0 2 4 6 8 10 RURAL URBAN DRINKING WATER PROBLEM 79 46 0 20 40 60 80 100 RURAL URBAN SANITATION PROBLEM
  •  Our country is characterized by non-uniformity in level of awareness.  socio-economic development.  Education.  poverty.  Practices and rituals 85% of population uses GROUND WATER sources. The problems of chemical contamination is also prevalent in India with 1,95,813 habitations in the country are affected by poor water quality.  The major chemical parameters of concern are fluoride and arsenic The World Health Organization has called it “the largest mass poisoning of a population in history,” bigger than the accidents at Bhopal and Chernobyl.
  • SOLUTION FOR SANITATION:- Design of Public Toilet  The design given is permanent toilet which can work for almost 25+ years without any construction maintainance.  Instead of septic tank , a BIOGAS PLANT can be constructed so that the sewage directly enters the biogas plant.  The BIOGAS plant can provide biofuel for domestic cooking purposes .  And the remaining waste of the biogas plant can be used as MANURE for ORGANIC FARMING in the same rural area.
  •  The design mentioned is sufficient for nearly 200 people  The construction of these toilets will cost nearly 1 lakh Rs (except biogas plant)  The workers required for constructing these toilets will be selected from Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA)  For constructing one such toilet will require 10 workers for a period of one month  So for constructing 50 such toilets and the plan will generate an employment for 500 individuals.  Its maintenance will be carried out by the same people under NREGA .  The number of such required toilets will be decided according to the population density of the region .  In urban areas the same design can be constructed just by building the same in multi floored toilets way.  The funds required can be distributed between the state and the central.  And for urban region the Mahanagar Palika can also contribute towards the cause.
  • Solution for Clean Drinking Water:- Regions where source of water is contaminated the following natural solution should be used:- Source of water far from locality Purification technique depending upon the issue of water in the different regions The tanks 1 2 and 3 are WATER HARVESTING TANKS Which can be used in rainy seasons for storage.
  •  After this natural purification the chlorination of water should be done for germical treatment.  If the above source could not be implemented in some regions then the following chlorinator should be placed in the locality of the people, and the people should use a drop Of it for every 10litres for germical treatment. It costs only 25 Rs per person for 1year  And the chlorinator should be refilled after every regular period of time.  Or there is a device named solvatten (showen below) which makes the water drinkable using solar energy  It costs almost 2000 Rs each and it is sufficient for a family of 5 and works for a period of 10 years.  Some corporates or NGO’s can also help in co-operation with the government.
  • Purification plant for treatment in the water The cost of this plant is only 1500 Rs Filters can last at least fourteen years at the present usage rate of one hundred liters per day, sufficient for a family of five Chlorine Dispenser Should be used where Sources of water are pumps or wells so that the water will not be contaminated Purification plant for arsenic in the water cost of this plant is only 1500 Rs Filters can last at least fourteen years at the present usage rate of one hundred liters per day, sufficient for a Should be used where Sources of water are hand so that the
  • Our plan will be initiated by central govt. and the flow of it towards the ground level will be done as follows:- CHIEF SECRETARY OF STATE CHIEF MINISTER DEPARTMENTAL WATER SANITATION DEPARTMENTAL SECRETARY DIVISIONAL SECRETARY DISTRICT COLLECTOR TEHSILDAR PANCHAYAT CO GROUND LEVEL TARGET PEOPLE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
  • For calculating the impact or taking the survey the district collector will be responsible for the feedback in or surveys in his district . The feedback/survey will be given by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) , school teacher in the region, NGO’s in the region . For creating awareness points related to sanition and water supply should be included in school textbooks from 5-10th std and  the medical students involved in rural medication should also help in this aspect,  National Service Scheme (NSS) can also help. If done as per the given guidelines the sanition problem will get eradicated within 3-4 years from the point of application for all the 500 million in rural India. The total cost for sanition can be sanctioned within 2 annual budget of india. Prizes should be given to the villages or even areas in urban cities for Cleanliness and Healthy environment.
  • Refrences: 1.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Sample_ Survey_Organisation 2.www.solvatten.se/ 3.http://www.designother90.org/ 4.www.mdws.gov.in/ 5.nrega.nic.in/