● Public Distribution System (PDS) in India is a
food security system established by the
Government of india under Ministry of
Consumer Affairs, Food, and Public Distribution
and is managed jointly with state governments in
● It distributes subsidized food and non-food items
to India’s poor.
● Major commodities distributed include staple
food grains, such as wheat, rice, sugar, and
kerosene, through a network of Public
distribution shops, also known as Ration shops
established in several states across the country.
● Food Corporation of India,a Government-owned
corporation, procures and maintains the Public
A 2012 Asian Development Bank study
● Deserving poor receive only 10% of the
● 19% of the subsidy goes to the non-
● Illegal diversion & administrative
expenses consume 43% and 28% of the
● We believe that corruption and illegal diversions into the
black market are major factors hindering the efficient
implementation of the PDS.
● So we propose a solution to eliminate diversions through use
of Information and communication technologies.
● With the rollout of the “Aadhar card”
we have a very useful system to validate
● The BIOMETRIC DATA collected
during aadhar card distribution can be
used as a means of verifying a person’s
identity when he/she comes to a ration
shop to buy grains.
How it works
● When a beneficiary goes to a ration shop to buy
food grains his/her biometric data are verified.
● The beneficiary has to give his fingerprint or
retina scan all of which were taken during
allocation of AADHAR cards..
● The data is matched with the UIDAI database.
● The foodgrains are handed over to the
● The total number of AADHAARs issued as of 17-August-
2013 is over 40 crore (403 million). This is more than
33.34% of the population of India. One in every three
residents of India have an Aadhaar now.
● The UIDAI aims to enroll 60 crore people by 2014. That
would cover almost half the population.
● With a database of people already present, the only cost
incurred by the government will be that of installation of
equipment for scanning fingerprints and/or retina scanning
which will be a one-time investment.
● This can be a very effective way to eliminate fake claims by
bogus ration cards as a person has to physically be present to
get his biometrics verified or else grains won’t be released.
● Bogus claims and fake ration cards can caught red handed and
● Ultimately, the grains will reach the deserving beneficiaries and
corruption can be curbed to a great extent.
1. For the introduction “http://en.wikipedia.
2. Bhalla, Surjit S. (2012, Jan 7). Enhancing Corruption the NAC Way. Oxus
Investments. Retrieved from “http://www.oxusinvestments.