Maximizing and Optimizing Research
-- By Team INVICTUS
How do we provide
healthy lifestyle, and
How to encourage
post graduate students
to enter the field of
research? How do we
make it a viable career
How to maximize the
efficiency of research
employed by the
How to reduce red
procedure hassles, and
How to ensure
sustained funding for
viable R&D work
students? How to
ensure percolation of
funds to where they
are needed most?
Ensuring these projects
find proper funding and
facilities for fabrication,
and analysis by making
in their development.
innovation, talent and
undertaken by college
economic and material.
Plugging the brain drain,
exposure for our best
institutes and research
centers; bringing them
at par through better
allocation and cutting
Identification of reasons
for hesitance in joining
the field of research.
Why are regular jobs
more attractive? How
do we bring R&D at par
professionally to other
The Primary Questions
Promoting, filtering and assimilation of viable student research
and bringing them into the market. Bring undergrads, postgrads,
doctoral theses under this ambit. Includes college projects, non-
conventional modes of research work.
Emphasis on encouraging students to join a career in
research and development. Encouraging them through
economic and infrastructural security, career scope,
knowledge and resource sharing, industrial interaction.
Promotion of Entrepreneurial Ventures by Scientists
by Easy Movement of Scientists across Organisations
This implies the movement of a scientist from :
• one institute to another or from one laboratory to another
• a government-run laboratory to R&D organisations in the industrial sector.
It aims to motivate them to share their expertise across organisations
by providing appropriate compensation and relocation allowance.
Why is research output low?
Is it a viable career option?
Economic insecurity in research; both professional and personal.
Non-uniform allocation of funds; poor percolation of funds
Absence of a centralized system of knowledge sharing and research
tracking; limited resource sharing
Inefficient industry-institute linkage, poor cooperation and
Infrastructure, state-of-the-art equipment and labs,
access to knowledge network.
Elimination of redundant methodology, updating courses, teaching
styles that promote innovation and problem solving.
Interest generation, channelisation of talent towards research,
filtering of useful research undertakings of students.
Visible reasons for scientists not opting for commercialisation of
their innovations, even if they possess the business acumen:
•Commercialisation not considered a part of a scientist's duty and
sometimes viewed as a distraction from his/her work.
•Non-availability of attractive profit-sharing mechanisms between
laboratories and scientists.
•Lack of structured arrangements for a scientist to be the CEO of his
technology venture, as well as hold his/her post in the research laboratory
To counter this, the following points may be proposed:
Proper job security should be ensured to scientists willing to try their hands at
commercialisation of any technology, in case of failure of venture.
Every laboratory should have some funds at their disposal to help commercialise
their respective ventures with ease. Also, there should be an agreement to
financially compensate the scientist for his/her efforts and keep him/her
The laboratory should ask for profits only after a stipulated time of incubation, so
as to allow the venture to reach a stage at which it can sustain without much help.
As innovation in India is still in its nascent stage,
80 percent of the domestic R&D is undertaken by the public sector,
while the remaining is
funded by private enterprises.
Early-stage financing can be increased by addressing the following issues on the
• ·Lack of adequate expertise among venture capitalists.
• ·Difficulty in attracting experience professionals in early-stage fund management
• ·Inability to channelize domestic market liquidity into early stage funding.
• ·Inadequate legal, regulatory and tax environment.
On the supply side, the following issues needs to be addressed:
• ·Lack of skill sets in sales, marketing and financial planning in Indian
• ·The profitable/high ROI deals are limited in the Indian environment.
Patents filing and Development Expenditure
Source: UNESCO and WIPO statistics database.
Resident Filings over R&D Expenditure (million $)
• Increase in
from the current 0.9%
• Incentives, sops and
• Better research
equipment to be set
up in various research
• More tax breaks and
subsidies setup to
facilities along with
setting up of more
• Increase in Grants to
Public and Private
• Increase in foreign
• Scrutiny of research
potential for earning
Establishing foreign tie
ups for developments
that may be possible on
the research being
being set up for research
progress assessment and
investigation of rightful
usage of funds.
investment with a stake
in the output of the
research set up.
organizations set up
specifically for the task.
First Stage Second Stage Third Stage
How do we meet our infrastructure needs?
• Starts by exchange of resources in the form of
industry supported centers, technology &
• This relationship captured is services and
• Interaction moves from just resource sharing to
knowledge sharing, faculty is actively involved
• This relationship is captured by faculty and
Addressing Industry-Institute Linkages
Industrial mentorship and overseeing of
ongoing research at undergrad and
Involvement of industries in setting up
sophisticated experimental apparatus in
colleges through collaboration; enables to
fabricate, test and analyze prototypes.
Providing grants to the industry by
government, proportional to the number of
student research projects undertaken for
Practical Industry based labs in a minimum of
two semesters in nearby industry.
Training sessions and workshops organized by
educational institutions for students and
industry personnel on topics related to the
advance developments in the industry.
Industry representation and participation on
the governing board.
Preference to faculty with industry experience
Pro-active involvement of industry members in
modification of syllabi and courses undertaken;
Active involvement of alumni of institutes
through alumni networks, in the designing of
courses, based upon their experience in their
line of work.
government funds more
effectively into R&D,
infrastructure, and with
perks for all parties
mentor gets stake in
intellectual and patent
rights of each successful
project; owns first
refusal right for further
research on the project
Research at institute
level is problem
oriented, relevant and
assimilated quicker into
Hesitant departure from classical subjects and redundant methodology
Problem Proposed solution
Poor design of course. Participation of industry in course
Faculty and experts in
emerging areas of research
Seminars and training
programmes for faculty .
Lack of corresponding
amendments in curriculum
compared to the latest,
advance areas of research.
Joint courses among colleges,
along with resource and
Less emphasis on
Courses involving latest
technology, and focused towards
innovation and design to be
introduced in curriculum.
Outdated methodology of
Multi facility resource centre
setup as joint venture of industry
& academic institutions.
• 60% of the institutes have undertaken no
curriculum amendments based on industry
• Differences in research objectives between
Industry and academia, usually not fruitful for
industry to collaborate.
Quality Enhancement and knowledge
up gradation through Continuing
Education in Distance Mode, under
professional guides (professors,
industry leaders of corresponding
Lack of awareness
about IPR, why
rights must be
Poor enforcement of
Poor design; lots of
Judicial issues in
property upon theft.
Need for more
1. Severe rules regarding
cross checking and
originality of research.
3. Patents allowed only
for significant difference
observation/ result from
2. Verification of filed patents
and mentorship by professors
of premier educational
institutes in vicinity appointed
as nodal officers.
4. Access to research
papers through a
central national server,
with credible ownership
6. Online, centralised system for privately filing date-
stamped ongoing research accessible only to
owner(sharable) and later used as judicial record. Free for
all, simple registration using standard ID cards.
5. Advertising and awareness
• Pro-active attitude towards safeguard and backup of intellectual
• Awareness regarding IPR; the need and measures to safeguard it.
Provides a security net against theft and eases judicial procedures.
• Elimination of bogus research; encourages genuine research and
provides a safety net.
• Easier patent filing and verification process; faster, more
transparent; eliminates latency and red tapes.
HOW TO PROTECT
A centralized system for monitoring ongoing research
Need for a trusted, updated information centre about ongoing research.
Lack of interaction between researchers working in similar or related fields.
Lack of funding opportunity, resources and challenges.
Students do not have the proper knowledge of the problem which industries
are actually facing.
Application of server:
• Online and centralized system for private filing of filing date stamped ongoing research.
• Accessible only to owner(sharable) and later used as judicial record.
• Access to research papers through a central server, severe rules regarding cross checking and originality of research.
• Patents allowed only for significant difference in outcomes/observation/result from previous research.
• Can act as channels of addressing grievances.
• One click access to present research progress on particular topic from various research labs.
• Prominent subjective comments from academic and industry are compiled and presented in the form of single
Financial Security for
Incentives for people
who complete their
Increase in industrial
participation for a stake
in the result of research.
Better equipment leading
to more research in
Awareness towards need to
protect intellectual property,
need and methods to do so.
Easier to protect intellectual
property; implements means
to uphold rights in a court of
law and establish ownership.
Makes viable research
Elimination of bogus
genuine research and
provides a safety net
Easier patent filing and
verification process; faster,
more transparent; eliminates
latency and red tapes.
Departure From Old
Course planning based
on industrial feedback;
promotes innovation on
the lines of current
Courses updates to
student research a viable
alternative to industrial
to Track Ongoing
Access to detailed and
exhaustive network of
research papers; topic-wise
indexed and stored centrally.
Making information readily
inclusive, open source,
available in the public
domain through a central
Verification of filed patents,
elimination of bogus
patents, establishment of an
inclusive system that
involves not only patent
officials, but also professors,
Easier access to, and
more availability of
central and industry-
Knowledge and resource
i.e. the researcher and
Easier access to, and
more availability of
central and industry-
A brief overall overview of where our proposed solutions will take us::
• Report on Survey of Industry-linked Engineering Institutes - by All India Council for
Technical Education and Confederation of Indian Industry (http://tinyurl.com/l8jxavv)
• Report on IIT-Industry Linkage- IIT review 2004(http://tinyurl.com/my7o2lb)
• Report on Evalueserve Study of R&D in India - by British High Commission and Canadian
High Commission, New Delhi(http://tinyurl.com/lsblfz6)
• Academia Industry Interaction Project Report on Study of Bottlenecks in Industry,
Academia and Institution Linkage in Pharmaceutical Sector - by National Science and
Technology Management Information System, Department of Science & Technology,
Government of India(http://tinyurl.com/n86nkeq)
• Research Paper on Trends in Agriculture-Industry Interlinkages in India: Pre and Post-
Reform Scenario – by Dilip Saikia, Institute for Financial Management and Research