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  1. 1. Towards Cleaner India : Providing Clean Drinking Water And Provide Better Sanitation Facility To All. TOCE
  2. 2.  Some 1.8 million children die each year as a result of diarrhea— which is 4,900 deaths a day. This is equivalent to the under-five population in London and New York combined.  Deaths for diarrhea in 2004 were about six times greater than the average annual deaths in armed conflict for the 1990s.  443 million school days each year are lost to water-related illnesses.  Millions of women spend up to four hours a day collecting water.  Almost 50 percent of all people in developing countries are suffering at any given time from a health problem caused by water and sanitation deficits. MEASURES TO CHECK WATER CRISIS AND LATEST INNOVATIONS Woosh has developed a ground breaking technology that resolves a major hurdle in this field. In every water station , there is a patent pending ‘state-of-the-art’ purification system. The system is based on the use of OZONE (O3), very powerful purifier. A central and unique woosh feature is cleansing of the user’s personal re- usable bottle.
  3. 3.  Won gold medal - International Inventors' Exhibition in Geneva  No water, no sewer and no chemicals  No odors - designed so that there is a constant air flow into the toilet  The compost - 9 times fewer fecal coli form bacteria than from other composting toilets - safer to handle  The compost could be used as a manure for non- food vegetation  BioLets can be installed anywhere - you don't need a water hook up  BioLet toilets do not require any pumping or outside holding tank Dignity Toilets
  4. 4. Aqua duct designed by IDEO - Innovate or Die contest hosted by Google and Specialized Aimed at helping people in the developing world who have to make long journeys to collect water, which is often unsafe to drink Large water tank mounted over the rear axles. Pedaling draws water through a filter to a second, removable, tank mounted in front of the handlebars Rider pedals - a pump attached to the pedal crank draws water from a large tank, through a carbon filter, to a smaller clean tank. A clutch engages and disengages the drive belt from the pedal crank, enabling the rider to filter the water while traveling or while stationary.
  5. 5.  Vestergaard Frandsen – private company in public health  Outer shell made of high impact polystyrene  Effective against waterborne bacteria and viruses  Halogenated resin elutes active halogen into influent water for inactivation of bacteria  Strong base anion exchange resin adsorbs negatively-charged halogen residuals  Granular activated carbon (silver-impregnated) adsorbs residual active halogen  Minimum 700 liters or 1 year
  6. 6. Rural  Open Defecation is a huge problem in rural areas.  Though it has reduced but the practice has not completely vanished.  Lack of priority to safe confinement and disposal of human excreta poses significant health risks manifest in the sanitation challenge facing the nation today.  It is estimated that 1 in every 10 deaths in India in villages, is linked to poor sanitation and hygiene.  Diarrhea, a preventable disease, is the largest killer and accounts for every 20th death.  Around 4,50,000 deaths were linked to diarrhea alone in 2006, of which 88% were deaths of children below five (WSP Economics of Sanitation Initiative 2010).  This works out to 6.4% of Gross Domestic Product (WSP Economics of Sanitation Initiative 2010).  The adverse economic impacts of inadequate sanitation in India as reported in the study based on published details like sanitation coverage, child mortality etc. as of the year 2006 was of the order of Rs. 2.4 lakhcrore (US$ 53.8billion), or Rs. 2,180 (US$ 48) per person.
  7. 7.  India has shown high country commitment to sanitation with increased support to India’s rural sanitation flagship programme Total Sanitation Campaign (TCS).  The national Five-year Plan Documents and Annual Plans and Budgets at the national and state levels recognize the rural sanitation vision and plans; and allocate considerable resources toward their achievement.  After sluggish progress throughout the eighties and nineties, rural sanitation coverage received a boost with the implementation of the TSC.
  8. 8.  The national policy barrier – sanitation if ever figures prominently on the national political agenda.  The behavior barrier – households tend to attach higher priority to water than to sanitation.  The perception barrier – households often view better sanitation as a private amenity with private benefits rather than a public responsibility.  The poverty barrier – Nearly 1.4 billion people without sanitation live on less than $2 a day.  The gender barrier – women place higher value on access to private sanitation facilities but have weaker voice.  The supply barrier – products designed without reference to community needs and priorities and delivered through unaccountable government agencies have low uptake rates.
  9. 9. Current Projects  The World Bank finances a number of projects in urban and rural areas that are fully or partly dedicated to water supply and sanitation.  In urban areas the World Bank supports: ◦ The Andhra Pradesh Municipal Development Project (approved in 2009, US$300 million loan), ◦ The Karnataka Municipal Reform Project (approved in 2006, US$216 million loan), ◦ The Third Tamil Nadu Urban Development Project (approved in 2005, US$300 million loan) and ◦ The Karnataka Urban Water Sector Improvement Project (approved in 2004, US$39.5 million loan).  In Rural Areas it supports: ◦ The Andhra Pradesh Rural Water Supply and Sanitation (US$150 million loan, approved in 2009), ◦ The Second Karnataka Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project (approved in 2001, US$151.6 million loan), ◦ The Uttaranchal Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project (approved in 2006, US$120 million loan) and ◦ The Punjab Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project (approved in 2006, US$154 million loan).
  10. 10.  Providing adequate sanitation will have profound implications for human health and poverty alleviation.  Access to adequate sanitation literally signifies crossing the most critical barrier to a life of dignity and fulfillment of basic needs.  Focusing on youth and using education.  Taking responsibility for the environment.  Supporting small-scale entrepreneurs.  Constantly Monitoring progress.  Proper education should be provided to people, especially the illiterate and poor people.  People should be encouraged to keep the city clean.  Media should be used as a medium to encourage people.  Government should be questioned.  Donation towards the betterment of the society.
  11. 11.   water-a  issues/census-news nd-sanitation   