Towards Cleaner India : Providing Clean Drinking
Water And Provide Better Sanitation Facility To
Some 1.8 million children die each year as a result of diarrhea—
which is 4,900 deaths a day. This is equivalent to the under-five
population in London and New York combined.
Deaths for diarrhea in 2004 were about six times greater than the
average annual deaths in armed conflict for the 1990s.
443 million school days each year are lost to water-related illnesses.
Millions of women spend up to four hours a day collecting water.
Almost 50 percent of all people in developing countries are
suffering at any given time from a health problem caused by water
and sanitation deficits.
MEASURES TO CHECK WATER CRISIS AND LATEST INNOVATIONS
Woosh has developed a ground breaking technology that resolves a major
hurdle in this field.
In every water station , there is a patent pending ‘state-of-the-art’
The system is based on the use of OZONE (O3), very powerful purifier.
A central and unique woosh feature is cleansing of the user’s personal re-
Won gold medal - International Inventors' Exhibition
No water, no sewer and no chemicals
No odors - designed so that there is a constant air
flow into the toilet
The compost - 9 times fewer fecal coli form bacteria
than from other composting toilets - safer to handle
The compost could be used as a manure for non-
BioLets can be installed anywhere - you don't need a
water hook up
BioLet toilets do not require any pumping or outside
world who have
to make long
which is often
unsafe to drink
over the rear
through a filter
to a second,
front of the
Rider pedals - a
to the pedal
water from a
carbon filter, to
a smaller clean
drive belt from
the pedal crank,
rider to filter
the water while
Vestergaard Frandsen – private company in public health
Outer shell made of high impact polystyrene
Effective against waterborne bacteria and viruses
Halogenated resin elutes active halogen into influent water for inactivation of
Strong base anion exchange resin adsorbs negatively-charged halogen residuals
Granular activated carbon (silver-impregnated) adsorbs residual active halogen
Minimum 700 liters or 1 year
Open Defecation is a huge problem in rural areas.
Though it has reduced but the practice has not completely vanished.
Lack of priority to safe confinement and disposal of human excreta poses significant health risks
manifest in the sanitation challenge facing the nation today.
It is estimated that 1 in every 10 deaths in India in villages, is linked to poor sanitation and hygiene.
Diarrhea, a preventable disease, is the largest killer and accounts for every 20th death.
Around 4,50,000 deaths were linked to diarrhea alone in 2006, of which 88% were deaths of children
below five (WSP Economics of Sanitation Initiative 2010).
This works out to 6.4% of Gross Domestic Product (WSP Economics of Sanitation Initiative 2010).
The adverse economic impacts of inadequate sanitation in India as reported in the study based on
published details like sanitation coverage, child mortality etc. as of the year 2006 was of the order of Rs.
2.4 lakhcrore (US$ 53.8billion), or Rs. 2,180 (US$ 48) per person.
India has shown high country commitment to sanitation with increased support to
India’s rural sanitation flagship programme Total Sanitation Campaign (TCS).
The national Five-year Plan Documents and Annual Plans and Budgets at the
national and state levels recognize the rural sanitation vision and plans; and allocate
considerable resources toward their achievement.
After sluggish progress throughout the eighties and nineties, rural sanitation
coverage received a boost with the implementation of the TSC.
The national policy barrier – sanitation if ever figures prominently
on the national political agenda.
The behavior barrier – households tend to attach higher priority to
water than to sanitation.
The perception barrier – households often view better sanitation as
a private amenity with private benefits rather than a public
The poverty barrier – Nearly 1.4 billion people without sanitation
live on less than $2 a day.
The gender barrier – women place higher value on access to private
sanitation facilities but have weaker voice.
The supply barrier – products designed without reference to
community needs and priorities and delivered through
unaccountable government agencies have low uptake rates.
The World Bank finances a number of projects in urban and rural areas that are fully or partly dedicated
to water supply and sanitation.
In urban areas the World Bank supports:
◦ The Andhra Pradesh Municipal Development Project (approved in 2009, US$300 million loan),
◦ The Karnataka Municipal Reform Project (approved in 2006, US$216 million loan),
◦ The Third Tamil Nadu Urban Development Project (approved in 2005, US$300 million loan) and
◦ The Karnataka Urban Water Sector Improvement Project (approved in 2004, US$39.5 million loan).
In Rural Areas it supports:
◦ The Andhra Pradesh Rural Water Supply and Sanitation (US$150 million loan, approved in 2009),
◦ The Second Karnataka Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project (approved in
2001, US$151.6 million loan),
◦ The Uttaranchal Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project (approved in 2006, US$120 million loan)
◦ The Punjab Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project (approved in 2006, US$154 million loan).
Providing adequate sanitation will have profound implications for human health and poverty alleviation.
Access to adequate sanitation literally signifies crossing the most critical barrier to a life of dignity and
fulfillment of basic needs.
Focusing on youth and using education.
Taking responsibility for the environment.
Supporting small-scale entrepreneurs.
Constantly Monitoring progress.
Proper education should be provided to people, especially the illiterate and poor people.
People should be encouraged to keep the city clean.
Media should be used as a medium to encourage people.
Government should be questioned.
Donation towards the betterment of the society.