THIS PRESENTATION
• The challenge of youth employment
• Action for youth employment:
the Youth Employment Network
THE CHALLENGE OF
YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
WHY IS YE SO IMPORTANT?
• Youth is a period of transition and
vulnerability
• Vulnerability appears to increase with
globa...
THE PRESENT
• 88 million young people out of work
• 59 million kids (17-19) in hazardous work
• Youth are 41 percent of al...
THE BEST-EDUCATED GENERATION
EVER!
Yet… still large differences globally:
• 130 million children not in school
• 133 milli...
EDUCATION IN DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES
% Reach Grade 5 Enrolment in
secondary
school, M-F
Adult literacy
rate, M-F
Sub-Saharan
...
EDUCATIONAL INEQUALITIES
IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
We can measure and compare the educational
“baggage” of young people:
• Re...
AN EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT
LEAGUE OF 24 RICH COUNTRIES
The Top 5 Other countries
1 Republic of Korea 1.4 12 France 12.6
2 ...
THE FUTURE
• Over 1 billion young people in need of jobs
every 10 years = 100 million jobs a year
• 130 million kids not i...
THE YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
NETWORK (YEN)
A LITTLE HISTORY
• Millennium Report of the Secretary-
General, 2000: The Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs)
• Goal 8. De...
YEN’S 4 E’S TO ADDRESS YOUTH
UNEMPLOYMENT
1. Employability – investing in education
2. Equal opportunities – for men and
w...
THE FIRST E. EMPLOYABILITY
 Definition: a key outcome of education
and training to instill skills, knowledge
and competen...
THE SECOND E. EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES
FOR YOUNG MEN AND WOMEN
 Before school: equal access and entry
for boys and girls
 In ...
THE THIRD E. ENTREPRENEURSHIP
 Cultural attitudes: negative perceptions
of entrepreneurship, corruption, social
entrepren...
THE FOUTH E. EMPLOYMENT
CREATION
 Yes, it is the economy that creates jobs!
 Labour market policies
 Macro-economic pol...
WHAT’S NEXT:
• National action plans for youth
employment by March 2004
• Mobilizing financial resources for youth
employm...
UNEMPLOYMENT IS THE
PROBLEM!
Youth are the solution.
Thank you!
India3
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India3

  1. 1. THIS PRESENTATION • The challenge of youth employment • Action for youth employment: the Youth Employment Network
  2. 2. THE CHALLENGE OF YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
  3. 3. WHY IS YE SO IMPORTANT? • Youth is a period of transition and vulnerability • Vulnerability appears to increase with globalization and increased competition, everywhere • Long periods of unemployment have a lasting impact on youth: • Individual level: self-esteem, respect, sense of achievement • Societal: integration, cohesiveness, citizenship
  4. 4. THE PRESENT • 88 million young people out of work • 59 million kids (17-19) in hazardous work • Youth are 41 percent of all unemployed • Youth unemployment 2-3 times higher than average unemployment
  5. 5. THE BEST-EDUCATED GENERATION EVER! Yet… still large differences globally: • 130 million children not in school • 133 million youth are illiterate • Large gender differences • Large differences between groups of countries
  6. 6. EDUCATION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES % Reach Grade 5 Enrolment in secondary school, M-F Adult literacy rate, M-F Sub-Saharan Africa 61 26-22 69-54 Middle East / North Africa 91 67-62 75-54 South Asia 59 57-40 66-40 World average 77 66-61 85-74
  7. 7. EDUCATIONAL INEQUALITIES IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES We can measure and compare the educational “baggage” of young people: • Reading literacy of 15 year-olds • Math literacy of 15 year-olds • Science literacy of 15 year-olds • Math achievement of 8th graders • Science achievement of 8th graders
  8. 8. AN EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT LEAGUE OF 24 RICH COUNTRIES The Top 5 Other countries 1 Republic of Korea 1.4 12 France 12.6 2 Japan 2.2 18 USA 16.2 3 Finland 4.4 19 Germany 17.0 4 Canada 5.0 21 Spain 18.6 5 Australia 6.2 22 Italy 20.2
  9. 9. THE FUTURE • Over 1 billion young people in need of jobs every 10 years = 100 million jobs a year • 130 million kids not in school now -> what will they be in 10 years? • More unemployed young people in urban areas with little hope for decent work • Globalization –> increased competition between young people in more countries?
  10. 10. THE YOUTH EMPLOYMENT NETWORK (YEN)
  11. 11. A LITTLE HISTORY • Millennium Report of the Secretary- General, 2000: The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) • Goal 8. Developing global partnerships for development, including a network to address decent and productive work for young people • A high-level panel of advisers to the Secretary-General with support of three organizations: World Bank, ILO and UN
  12. 12. YEN’S 4 E’S TO ADDRESS YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT 1. Employability – investing in education 2. Equal opportunities – for men and women 3. Entrepreneurship – start and run businesses 4. Employment creation – as part of macroeconomic policy
  13. 13. THE FIRST E. EMPLOYABILITY  Definition: a key outcome of education and training to instill skills, knowledge and competencies of workers  Reality: high cost of investment, skills mismatch  Invest in life skills, life-long learning, ICT, entrepreneurship, SSEs in and out of school
  14. 14. THE SECOND E. EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR YOUNG MEN AND WOMEN  Before school: equal access and entry for boys and girls  In school: “tracking” out of TVE, career guidance, double burdens, cultural barriers, gender stereotyping, harassment  After school: credit access, lower skills  In the job: discrimination in pay, training, promotion
  15. 15. THE THIRD E. ENTREPRENEURSHIP  Cultural attitudes: negative perceptions of entrepreneurship, corruption, social entrepreneurship  Education: a system that stimulates entrepreneurial spirit, teachers’ training  Skills training: career training, ICT  Business support: skills and services to run your own firm  Regulation: taxes, laws and burocracy  Finance: youth as risky investments
  16. 16. THE FOUTH E. EMPLOYMENT CREATION  Yes, it is the economy that creates jobs!  Labour market policies  Macro-economic policies  Exchange rate policies  Sectoral policies  External economic shocks, disasters and wars  Institutional support for youth employment: governance, national employment strategy, monitoring
  17. 17. WHAT’S NEXT: • National action plans for youth employment by March 2004 • Mobilizing financial resources for youth employment • Linking youth employment with education • Expanding on youth participation in policy and action: “No decision making without youth participating”
  18. 18. UNEMPLOYMENT IS THE PROBLEM! Youth are the solution.
  19. 19. Thank you!
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