A robust model promoting research and innovation
Manthan Topic: Brain Gain
Team: Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual property Law, IIT Kharagpur
Ashish Kumar Srivastav, Isha Suri, Vishwambara R
Sneh Tiwari, Avinash Kumar Sharma
43% percent of investors think that India needs to enhance the quality
of its labs and research.
38% of Investors cite distance between research institution and industry
as a roadblock to developing new products in the country.
A. Poor design and enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights law
B. Poor research Infrastructure
Country spent only 0.9% of its GDP on R&D during 2009
The country’s output in new design innovation was 39 as
opposed to 53,000 in China during 2002.
C. Low Industry to lab linkages leads to unviable or unutilized
Lack of industry linkage and conducting research in isolation
with public sector R&D centers has severely hampered the
quality of research in the Indian Institutions.
Difficulties in commercialization of developed technologies
D. The poor quality of education in the country also remains a big
barrier to cutting edge research.
Lack of research activity and shortage of high-quality faculty
Despite having one of the largest higher education system in
the world few Indian institutions have earned global
In pursuit of better quality education, an increasing number
of Indian students are studying abroad.
Researchers in R&D per million people in 2006 in India was
119, while that of the US was 4,628.
Ernst & Young's 2012 attractiveness survey
Snapshot of Solution Proposed
Integration of India core Capabilities
to create Solution Platform
•Research Institutes =400
•MNC R& D Centre = 870
•Number of Universities =530
•Number of Engineering Colleges=13
•Number of students enrolled in technical
courses is equal to 4.30 lakhs.
•National Innovation Foundation.
Current Industry Clusters
Research & Innovation
IPR Policy for Pro
World Class R& D
1. Exclusive Innovation 2. Innovation for India
3. Making technology
accessible to people at the
bottom of the pyramid.
4. Creating an Innovation
Gap Need Pro-Innovation Policy
• Shortcomings in the existing IPR regime.
• Weak patent processing system.
• 2012: IPO - 123,255 patent app. pending for
• IPO: 214 patent app. per examiner per year |
World benchmark: 100 patent app. per examiner
• Efficiency in patent examination.
• Applicant interview for fast track examination.
• Specialised IP protection for SMEs and small
• Creation of Satellite offices.
• Promote international patent harmonization
• Build a Highly Transparent and Predictable Patent
• Creation of Patent Satellite offices
• Utility Model Patent system
• Preferential Accelerated Examination system
International Patent Harmonization
Patent Prosecution Highway: Fast track
Examination Procedure where patent examiners
can make use of the work products from other
Average First Action Pendency
• Non-PPH: 25 Months
• PPH: 2-3 Months
PPH is a Powerful Tool for Both Applicants
and Offices Reducing Overall Costs
Reduces pendency times thereby saving costs
for Applicants and Offices
Attracts Rapidly Evolving Industries
Utility Model Patent System
Types of inventions automatically routed for
accelerated examination with fee waiver:
1. Energy inventions
2. Green technology
3. Anti-terrorism technology
Term of protection: 7 – 10 years.
Advantageous for SMEs that make incremental
change/ minor improvement to the existing.
Benchmark criteria: Less stringent criteria for
inventiveness than for patents
Preferential Super-Accelerated Examination System
Applicants can opt for Accelerated Examination
System by paying a higher fee.
Disposal of applications: Within 12 months
Expedited handling throughout the entire
patent application process
Intellectual Property Policy for Pro-Innovation
Increase in efficiency of patent examination
n for intake
Setting up Patent Satellite Offices in Bangalore
Top 6 States that are filing highest number of
patent includes: States with already established
Patent Offices + Karnataka +Andhra Pradesh
Orphan drugs (for instance HIV/ AIDS):
Granting Exclusive Marketing Rights to
manufacturers of these drugs for a period of 7
years. This shall in turn incentivise inventors to
undertake research in this area.
R&D conducted in isolation without
Many technologies stuck in labs and
never see the market
R&D diluted and not focused on a few
Adaptation of available technologies to
Bridging the Gap
Reduce fragmentation and create
awareness about the ongoing R&D
Standardize contractual agreements
and commercial terms with industry.
Systematic facilitation of collaborative
R&D with focus on technologies that
create high impact solutions
A knowledge database with
assessment of potential for localization
of worldwide technologies.
A support system for global
collaboration on R&d , Technology
transfer and knowledge sharing
Benefit for Industries
•Retains and attracts the best brains that are
industry-ready by acquisition of industry
oriented research and technology
•Readily available infrastructure.
•Potential for shared facilities and resources.
•Attractive one- stop services: IP strategies
such as Accelerated Examination system,
Patent Prosecution Highway.
Benefit for Universities
•Gain Global recognition.
•An increase in grants will improve the
•Students shall be exposed to state of the art
•Nurturing the talent of the graduates for
getting placed in the top class industries.
•Out of box thinking shall lead to a surge in
Innovation Ecosystem Special Features
•Fosters and nurtures talent pool for
•Attracts domestic as well as international
students as well as researchers, thereby
providing them with a cross-cultural
environment to brainstorm in.
• Creates a large industry base
•Signature site for the innovation economy
•Knowledge and Technology Transfer.
Transfer & IP
Focus on talent development by developing itself as a global
nexus for local as well as international scientific talent.
Help to capture new economic opportunities.
provide a concerted and structured effort to faster inter-
Creating a world class environment for scientific career
promoting science to the young people and building a pipeline of
Location • Suburban community
• < 500,000 population
Area • 100 acres
Governance • University or university-affiliated non-profit
Tenants • 72% :profit companies
• 14% : university facilities
• 5% : governmental agencies
• 3000 Scientists + 8000 Technical Staff
Finances • 300 crores INR
Fund inflow • Revenues from park operations + University fund +
State and central fund
Services provided • Assist in accessing state and other public programs
• Linking to or providing sources of capital
• Business planning
• Marketing and sales strategy advice
• Technology and market assessment
IT, Pharmaceuticals, Scientific & Engineering service
providers, Health and Energy.
Pro-Innovation Proposed Model
World Class Centers of Excellence (WCCE)
Students, Teaching staff
• “Youth on the move”: Ensure at
least 20% mobility of Indian
University students through
foreign exchange program every
year for gaining knowledge.
• “Brain circulation”: turning of
academic talent into industry–
• Strong and vibrant visiting faculty
programs across nations.
• Promote co-inventor innovations
through collaboration with foreign
universities as well as industries.
• Economic incentive and better
social security system for
Scientists and Technologists of
• Retaining of home- grown talent
by offering assured career for 15
• Special packages for scientist
willing to settle in India.
• Offering Start-up Visa and
streamlining visa policy.
• World class research oriented
• Knowledge and Technology
• Research and Scholarship grant
• Pro-innovation IPR Policy.
• Promote international patent
• Flexible examination system
corresponding to the various
needs of the applicants such as
Details of the setting-up, Launch
Funding: Finalise funding sources and close-on transaction , revise budget appropriately.
Admin and Infrastructure: Incorporate the company, establish office, create operating policies, launch
Launch policy advocacy
Launch additional programs: mentor training, entrepreneurship training, develop toolkits
Launch R&D collaboration program
Launch applied R&D programs
Monitoring and evaluation
Technology assessment and management
Commercialisation of technology
Creation and protection of a strong IP base
Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5+
Implementing the Model
Total Funding Required
INR 125 Crores
INR 25 Crores
INR 75 Crores
INR 25 Crores
INR 50 Crores
Total Estimated Cost for 1 Research Park is INR 300
Organizational set up and administrative costs
Technology development cost
Total Operation Cost
Talent Grooming Cost
Project Manager Investment Officer
Innovation Cell Network
Technologists, Entrepreneurs, Start –up firms, Industry and SMEs
Board of Governor
(Academician, Industrialist and 1
Impact and Reach
Universities 1. More grants at their disposal, which would in turn increase the overall
2. Exposure to industry specific needs which will further enable them to
provide real time solutions.
3. Increase in the number of patents filed and subsequently granted.
4. Significant improvement in the quality of faculty and students.
5. Inter-disciplinary research.
Students 1. Direct interaction with the industry through internships as well as research
2. Ability to learn in a global environment through exchange programs.
3. Opportunity to work with leading scientist in India as well as across the
No of patents to increase considerably 1. Target of filing 200 patents each year from a single research park.
2. An increase in the number of patents granted by the Indian Patent Office
through the introduction of differential patent regime.
Employment generation- direct as well as indirect 1. One job in a research park shall on an average create 2.67 indirect jobs in
2. Each park shall have approximately 3,500 scientists and an estimated 8,000
technical staff to support them.
Miscellaneous 1. The overall quality of research and development in the country will
2. An increase in public private partnership.
3. India’s ranking on the global innovation index shall improve from the
current ranking of 66 (2013)
Concept and Implementation Challenges
Risk Description Potential Mitigation
Financial Obtaining funding for operations and buildings
Accepting/dispersing finance in an efficient and transparent
Secure funding from the Government and establish strategic alliances with private
investors. Leveraging investment to the tune of 1:1 in cash and kind from local as well
as private partners over the first five years of establishment.
Clear governance structure and strong implementation partners.
Implementation Bridging cultural barriers between the academic and business
communities and facilitating true partnerships.
Overcoming commercialization challenges.
Attraction as well as retention of talent.
Parks must continue to serve as an intermediary that understands both cultures and
innovatively fosters integrated, collaborative efforts.
Research park will need to offer funding and support for technology commercialization,
including proof of concept funding.
Proper incentives must be provided to attract new talent. Furthermore, a conducive
environment for growth must be provided to retain the said pool of researchers.
Conceptual Initial investment capital is high and could prove to be a hurdle DST has been allocated INR21,000 crores during the 12th five year plan; 3% of which is
equivalent to INR695 crores. If this amount is combined with equal investment from
private sector, approximately INR1400 crores can be arranged.
Stakeholder support Continued support and buy in from government, industry and
Partnership managers to maintain and develop relationships, board seats for key
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