Introducing electoral reforms to reduce the
influence of money and muscle power in politics
Genuine public desires find expression in election results
Vijay Bhaskar Semwal Arpit Bansal
Shiv Ashutosh Katiyar Ankit
Purnendu Shekhar Pandey
•Electoral Reforms, associated with rectification & awareness about –
Election Procedure, Contestant ,Voter
•The electoral system of any country should strengthen the people by
promising an equitable framework of economic and social justice.
•if citizens do not have faith in the way our elected representatives are
chosen, there is danger to the very idea of democracy itself.
•Failure of existing framework leading for abysmally low on economic
and social justice front and reflected in massive rural unemployment, lack
of adequate health care and education, a sharp drop in the purchasing
power of the people and a sharp growth in rural indebtedness.
•some basic questions that are needed to be addressed ..Is our system is
really functioning properly, or policies made are responsible ?D o we
really need to change this system ?
•Do the measures, which fructify as outcomes of election, reflect the
aspirations of those who are excluded from their due share of welfare?
•If all question will not address now the future will ask us lot of
Our nation is not performing up to its credentials. Policies
Economy is at abysmal low i.e. on ventilator.Which is not
seen as productive planning, which doesn’t attract for
investment from global giant or entrepreneur.
At present our country crawling on borrowed money hence
financial crisis at any place directly affects.
No transparency in political system neither politician are
accountable. Corrupting is now prevalent everywhere.
There is therefore a widespread and increasing
disenchantment with politics and politicians in India.There
is a growing public awareness of the rampant entry of
criminal elements into the political arena.
Causes of the problem
Illiteracy, lack of public awareness
No political dedication/commitment/red-tapeism.While token attempts at
reforming the electoral system have been made from time to time over the last
many years, to take care of some these distortions, particularly whenever it has
suited the party in power, there has hardly been any attempt at making any
significant and substantial changes in the electoral system.
Corruption/Nepotism/religion based politics.
Wide gap between rural & urban area.
Misuse of resource(natural, human, even borrowed).
Muscle & money power driven Systems.
Asymptotically uncontrollable system. No clear ideology. Policy paralyzation.
System is not flexible.
Criminalization in politics, unprecedented money flow. Flouting of rules.
Reasons for selecting a
We are the ones who get affected,
Everyone wants to do something for country , contribute to its progress.
Making public aware about their share in country’s present situation, their
role in bringing accountable governance.
Bringing out the desires of common people in front of global audience in
forum so that existing model can be renovated.
We want this debate to end here itself with formidable recommendations to
the policy makers actually finding a place in draft.
The present electoral system in India encourages corruption and use of
muscle power and communal pull to gain the slight margin of winning votes.
Parties that have the power to manipulate voters using their economic power
a combination of the FPTP and the PR systemsThus only parties with more percentage of voter
support can come to power, with inner party democracy
Make transparent and fool proof registration process for candidates.A candidate must file his
income tax return for the previous two years from the constituency which he/she wants to
represent.All candidates if elected (each year) and their close relatives must publicly declare their
total assets, before and after the election. Making false declarations in election affidavits is an
public service Should have represented masses in any form.
If lost last two election not eligible to file.
Not a poor person and special contribution or achievement in social service, public
administration, country service and honesty.Whole property must be less then 5 lacs.
Do not have more then two child and an upper age limit to contest & hold post.
Filmstars/ Sportpersons/Celebrities are not allowed to contest as well as
Right to reject or right to recall and right to promote in hand of common people
Electronic voting system t reach even travelling voters.
Single-day single-election for both Union and state legislatures.
Scrutiny of election manifesto (no freebies, subsidies, lucrative false promises), report on
adherence to it after coming into power
Review factors which affect the rate of voter participation (voter turnout) mobile voting inclusion
If an elected representative resigns her seat, she will be disqualified for the term of the house and cannot
contest that or any other constituency during this period.A new candidate will have to contest in his/ her
No whimsically or based on money giving party ticket there should be a criteria; Parties have to choose
their candidates by primaries following democratic selection process from within the party.The names of
two alternative candidates are to be publicly declared and published on the Internet. If any objections are
raised to the candidatures, the objections should be publically declared and automatically recorded in a
webpage put up by the Election Commission.
Parties have to nominate their candidates at least 6 months before the election and give sufficient time for
the Election Commission to verify the credentials of the candidate, his/ her criminal record, property
details etc. If the candidate’s nomination is invalid, the Party can not contest the seat.
All voting will be electronic and a voter can cast his/her vote from anywhere in the country for
parliament elections and from anywhere outside the state for assembly elections.Voter identification will
be by bio-metric ID and a voter ID card is not compulsory. If a voter wants to cast his/ her vote from
outside an election area (for example: outside the state where elections are being held) or outside the
country or for a valid reason while being within the country, he/ she should register his/ her name by
past or through Internet and will be given a unique ID number, which he/she can use to cast his/her vote
by post or through Internet.
Voter ID will be through an Intelligent Card, which may also be used for obtaining government
permissions, drawing money from banks, making payments, buying air/ train tickets etc.TheVoter
Intelligent ID Card is activated for 5 years, only after a vote is cast. If someone does not cast his/ her
vote, without a valid reason that act should be made a punishable offence.
The criteria after vote counting based on following criteria = 30%(vote) + 10%
(eligibility) + 10%(social service) + 30% (contribution + debate about recent
problem + opinion + innovative solution + accountability + political will
power)+10%( popularity between people) + 20% (national survey)+ view
about other group(women etc)
Right to reject will allow runner up to take hold of government will save money
Right to direct and demote, if you are not accountable, ban for 10 year and need
to pay fine for all the work which got delayed all will done under the supervision
of high court judge .
Maintenance of Regular Accounts by the Political Parties-Auditing and publishing
– making audited accounts available for open inspection quarterly.
Must show passport, ration card,Voter card ,proper bank account details and
IT return form.
Electronic voting system t reach even outstation travelling voters.
Financing of candidates’ and referendum campaigns
election expenses are sponsored by the State.This prevents corruption, money
and muscle power, malpractices, play of emotions on communal and caste basis
Reviewing the government. every elected representative should seek the confidence of the voters
in his/ her constituency once a year.The confidence vote will be recorded electronically. In case,
an elected member loses the confidence (gets less than 50%+1 of the valid votes) there will be
re-election in that constituency.There will be no campaigning for the confidence vote.
Support to be rendered to any government from “outside”, i.e. without joining the coalition
government, should be legally barred. Only a party having at least 25 percentage of seats in the
The proposed system will stop money and muscle power.
It is more fault tolerance
The country will get ideology and though process.
Will stop criminal background people and more reliable policy check as intellectual people
Will meet the demand of country people
Proportionate Electoral System provides ample space for formation of coalitions
representing smaller communities that do not have the chance of being represented in FPTP.
Smaller parties representing unrepresented communities can make a coalition and gain
required percentage of votes in order to come to a winning position of power.This is very
important for the survival of democratic governance in India in favour of the poor and also
minimization of corruption and electoral violence and enhancement of inner party
Will develop the evm machine as per new proposed solution with right to reject
or +ve or –ve comment
People appointed for by election commission for proper document verification.
Make constitution amendment for right to recall rule
Make portal for those who are either out side or tour for there vote after
proper verification of code on mobile and some biometric verification using
Impact of solution
The most popular will rule
The system will become more robust and fault tolerance.
It will make more scalable and practice system.
People have direct representation
No biased policy will be help any
No discrimination based on cast, religion, Reservation only one time in life by
either one member of family.
Open debate, political dedication, Policy transparent.
Public account accountability.
Challenge & Mitigation
Huge population and communicating them also illiteracy hinders
process of bringing reforms.
Huge geographical and demographical differences.
Profile or personality influence.
Adhering to the self-ethics, ethics of governance and elections.
Inflow of black money, can be curbed by transfer of money
Basic education a fundamental right and awareness
Survey of local residents and citizens.
BACKGROUND PAPER ON ELECTORAL REFORMS
(PREPARED BYTHE CORE-COMMITTEE ON ELECTORAL
REFORMS) LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT MINISTRY OF LAW
AND JUSTICE GOI, ECI 2010
NEED FOR ELECTORAL REFORMS IN INDIA All India
Progressive Forum (AIPF) www//progressiveforum.in
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