Manthan
Future Cities: Ensuring World Class
Civic amenities in Urban India
Team Name: Team Underdogs
Institute: Indian ins...
Problems of Current cities
Problems with
resources
Water
and
sanitatio
n
Energy
and fuel
Problems with
infrastructure
Cong...
The Compact urban cells concept
 The circle of comfort for
every individual should be a 1
mile radius or a 20 min walk
 ...
Transport Solutions
 New Delhi witnesses 135000 traffic related deaths each year
which is 4 times more than then London
...
Compact Housing- The Japanese Way
Future homes: Moving walls + Moving furniture = Maximum utility
 NSSO estimates the ave...
Green Building Model to save energy
Water
usage
reduction
Lower
Green
House gas
emission
Natural
resources
Social and Envi...
CURRENT ENERGY SCENARIO
•Developed world’s thirst for energy is unabated, while demand is
rocketing in emerging economies,...
A single window for simplified and automated business processes
Phase 1
Benefits
•Higher Productivity
•Reduction of Transa...
Healthcare
0 5 10 15 20 25 30
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013F
2014F
2015F
9.7
11.2
13.8
15.6
17.4
20.8
25
30
Revenues (bill...
Sanitation and Water
Key areas of Problem
Approximately 250 million
more people need to be
provided access to
sanitation f...
Future integration platform
Government
Creating a single
platform to
provide all the
amenities of the
future city
Create p...
References
Healthcare: http://www.futurehealthsystems.org/india/
http://download.intel.com/design/embedded/medical-solutio...
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IIFTUnderdogs

  1. 1. Manthan Future Cities: Ensuring World Class Civic amenities in Urban India Team Name: Team Underdogs Institute: Indian institute of Foreign Trade,Kolkata Member’s Name: Soumya Bhattacharya (sbh.2110@gmail.com, 9062828681) Tanmoy Mondal (tanmoy.only4u@gmail.com, 8100234509) Pankaj Kute (pankajkute83@gmail.com, 9836929564) Kunal Malhotra (kunal.m42@gmail.com, 9088104819) Meenakshi Deshpande( meenakshidesh2003@gmail.com,9674463325
  2. 2. Problems of Current cities Problems with resources Water and sanitatio n Energy and fuel Problems with infrastructure Congesti on in cities Lack of space Problems with administration and society Adminis tration Social service and commun ity Employ ment Inclusive growth Problems with environment Transpor t issues Pollutio n Energy guzzling building s Total population of India: 121 Crores Rural population: 88.3 Crores Urban population: 33.7 crores •Compared to the census of 2001, the rural population increased by 90.06 million and urban population by 91 million •Thus it is seen that the proportion of people living in urban areas and depending on non-agricultural activities is increasing rather rapidly •With the increase in population, the cities are facing newer problems everyday Problems in current cities Thus we will be focusing mainly on these issues and try to suggest solutions to minimize/ mitigate the same! 36.11 43.92 54.81 68.33 84.63 102.86 121.02 6.24 7.89 10.91 15.95 21.76 28.61 37.7 0 50 100 150 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 Indian Population (in crores) Total population Urban Population 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 17.3 18 19.9 23.3 25.7 27.8 31.15 Share of Urban Population to Total Population (%) Share of Urban Populationto Total Population (%)
  3. 3. The Compact urban cells concept  The circle of comfort for every individual should be a 1 mile radius or a 20 min walk  Whatever he/she needs should be made available in his circle of comfort  This will make most of the travelling out of the circle of comfort redundant  Cities to consist of multiple compact urban cells  These multiple cells to be interconnected via efficient transport infrastructure like highways, metro lines  This makes it possible to manage traffic on highways while reducing the congestion in the individual cells  Medieval Paris had a similar structure  Four individual cells surrounded a water body  The plan came out of the requirement to minimize mobility due to lack of efficient modes of transport  Modern day Paris has evolved out of the same concept  A no of smaller urban cells are connected together with modern transport infrastructure  Paris contains 20 such compact city cells which have individual administration as well Paris vs Mumbai – A comparison of basic facilities Paris – Less people more facilities Mumbai – More people less facilities Easy availability of facilities makes Paris less congested on the interiors while the exactly opposite is the case in Mumbai Quality of life in of a Mumbai resident is compromised
  4. 4. Transport Solutions  New Delhi witnesses 135000 traffic related deaths each year which is 4 times more than then London  In most cities traffic crawls at less than 20 kms/hr in peak hours  The country loses more than 60000 crores each year due to traffic related problems like fuel wastage, slow speed of freight and long waiting hours at toll booths  Haphazard law enforcement may be blamed but fool-proofing and optimizing of the traffic is also of prime importance A daily traffic problem People exhausted by everyday traffic The way out  To make transport in modern day cities more efficient, it is important that a greater share of transport burden is taken up by public transport  All compact urban cells should be connected by efficient railway/metro network and other modes of transport should be used as secondary modes Metro rail network : This would be the primary mode of transport which would connect all the compact city cells together Shared bicycles : The shared bicycles will be one of the secondary modes of transport for mobility within a compact cell Electric Tricycles :This mode of transport is for the elderly people. The charging points for these should be at various common depots setup at various locations Electric mopeds : This is again a secondary mode of transport for taking people to the metro stations Autonomous vehicles : The next step for transport solution would be developing infrastructure for automatic vehicles with for predesigned routes
  5. 5. Compact Housing- The Japanese Way Future homes: Moving walls + Moving furniture = Maximum utility  NSSO estimates the average housing size in urban India at 117 sq ft/person  A nation of 126 crore plus growing, housing is going to be the next pressing issue in India  Traditional housing limits the utility of space as all the rooms of a house cannot be fully utilized at a time  Housing in future can address this problem by providing more utility of per person of every sq ft  In the concept homes shown besides the utility of space in an apartment doubles so a 500 space sq ft will do the job of 1000 sq ft  The adjacent figure shows how compact space plus compact cars can help easing the pressure on parking space Slums in Dharavi - Mumbai Parking, a problem ! Compact furnishing to improve space utility Compact neighborhood
  6. 6. Green Building Model to save energy Water usage reduction Lower Green House gas emission Natural resources Social and Environmental Reasons for building Green Future Environmental Mandates and drivers of Green Building Benefits of Green Building •Lower Energy Costs & total lifecycle costs •Higher Building Value at Point of Sale •Documentation and Certification Providing Quality Assurance •Future Proofing Assets •Education of Occupants about Sustainability •Higher Rental Rates •Higher occupancy Green Buildings
  7. 7. CURRENT ENERGY SCENARIO •Developed world’s thirst for energy is unabated, while demand is rocketing in emerging economies, such as China, India and Brazil. •More than 80 percent of the global energy comes from fossil fuels (oil, gas and coal). •According to the International Energy Agency, energy production from known oil and gas reserves will fall by around 40-60 per cent by 2030 ENERGY OF THE FUTURE •Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy can reduce our dependence on fossil fuels by 70% by 2040 •The global energy crisis is a daunting challenge. Yet we do not have to look far for the solutions. Energy derived from the sun, the wind, the Earth’s heat, water and the sea has the potential to meet the world’s energy needs many times over, even allowing for fluctuations in supply and demand. •Switching to a fully renewable energy supply by 2050 is achievable Energy Scenario of present and future Solar power model Future energy model Alternate energy
  8. 8. A single window for simplified and automated business processes Phase 1 Benefits •Higher Productivity •Reduction of Transaction cost The upper model will be integrated with the various Govt. Departments Phase 2 Benefits •Easy availability of guidelines for system implementation and integration •Harmonization of data requirements •Development of the National Standard Data Set for all related documents •Development of governance mechanisms and the identification of criteria for the determination of transaction fee and quality of service Community Building Structure: Benefits •Single channel interface to interact with citizens •Better governance •Electronic doorway of Government Services •Reduction of Govt. expenses •Better response to the public grievance system E-governance & Community building structure
  9. 9. Healthcare 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013F 2014F 2015F 9.7 11.2 13.8 15.6 17.4 20.8 25 30 Revenues (billion USD) Way ahead • Greater community exposure, learning and identification of key systemic gaps and mitigation strategies • Audience friendly communication methods, technology use, health services provider training and a prompt, need- based support • Training and technical empowerment to the healthcare personnel • Understanding and improving multidimensional nature of crisis in child healthcare access • Improving the doctor to patient and nurse to patient ratio • Implementing Telemedicine and Tele-diagnostics to improve the reach of medicine Key areas of problems: i. Trained manpower Shortage ii. Lack of medical infrastructure iii. Poor access to infrastructure iv. Timely diagnosis and care
  10. 10. Sanitation and Water Key areas of Problem Approximately 250 million more people need to be provided access to sanitation facilities. Lack of sewerage and sanitation facilities lies at the root of several diseases prevalent in Indian cities. Therefore, poor sanitation is not only an infrastructure issue, but a marker of unhygienic living conditions. Way ahead • Desalination Technology • Water from icebergs as pointed by Dassault Systems • G and E has recently patented ETL technology that converts clean air to water • Ground water protection and participatory upliftment of people • Proper convenient protocols for disposal of waste
  11. 11. Future integration platform Government Creating a single platform to provide all the amenities of the future city Create platformgs Integrate stakeholders Prepare blueprint Project picks speed Track the problems through unified platform Take people’s feedback through online platforms This can generate positive WOM for the government Projects pick up speed and get executed in time Integrate people of the future city to implement the solution Ensure real time monitoring of problems creates an impression on the people’s mind People are aware and cooperate with the government to build the future city Help of NGO’s E-governance and single window portal (0-3 year) (3-6 year) (6-12 years) (12 year onwards)
  12. 12. References Healthcare: http://www.futurehealthsystems.org/india/ http://download.intel.com/design/embedded/medical-solutions/Enabling_Quality_Healthcare_to_All_Case_Study.pdf Water and sanitation: http://sitemaker.umich.edu/section9group6/solutions http://www.entwicklung.at/uploads/media/Brosch%C3%BCre_EcoSanitation_e_August_01.pdf energy: http://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/CoGeneration_RenewablesSolutionsforaLowCarbonEnergyFuture.pdf http://awsassets.panda.org/downloads/the_energy_report_lowres_111110.pdf Future transports: http://www.thepep.org/clearinghouse/docfiles/the.future.of.transport.pdf http://newsroom.accenture.com/images/20020/transportation.pdf --------- Green buildings: http://www.unep.org/gc/gc26/Building-for-the-future.pdf http://www.swlaw.com/assets/pdf/publications/2010/06/11/Green-Building-Past-Present-Future.pdf -----green rating (LEED) Pollution: http://www.umich.edu/~nppcpub/resources/GENp2.pdf http://www.scottishaffairs.org/backiss/pdfs/sa18/sa18_MacLeod.pdf
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