Helpinghands

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Helpinghands

  1. 1. One women can change anything Walk to Equality :- Ensuring Safety and Empowerment of Women Introducing A Challenge of 21st Century Presented By :- Aman Bansal, Amit Chimppa, Gopal Sharma, Vikas Garg & Gagan Kathuria PPIMT Hisar
  2. 2. What is Women empowerment? To invest with power, especially legal power or official authority. To give certain rights or authority. To equip or supply with an ability to women. Women Empowerment In General Sense :- Refers to empower women by providing itself her to access all her freedoms and opportunities. In Specific Sense :- Refers to enhancing their position in the power structure of the society. 1. Economic Participation 2. Political empowerment 3. Educational attainment 4. Health and well-being 5. Legislative measures Women empowerment can be seen in these sectors : But still there is a lot of problems
  3. 3. Women’s Empowerment Framework Women’sEmpowerment Framework PROCESS Change Power Relation DIMENSION Economic,Social, Poltical , Legal LEVELS Individual, Household & Community =>Build Organizational capacity =>Forge Participation inclusion =>Strenghten leadership =>Economic : -Enchance Income -Greater access to service -Greater control over resources =>Social -Build conductive environment -Promote equitable relation between man and women =>Poltical -Enhance Participation-Increase voice and =>Identity and develop strategies to address women’s mobility and structual barriers at all levels Decision making
  4. 4. Whatarethemainproblems? Women Empowerment- still an illusion of reality:- Lack of awareness Lack of social and economic empowerment Lack of political will Feebleness of accountability mechanisms Family responsibility Lack of gender culture Absence of ambition for the achievement
  5. 5. How to achieve it One of the strategies is “EDUCATION” that builds a positive self-image and boosts self-confidenceamong them & develops their ability to think critically. Promoting self- employment, through credit & training. Providing lean season wage employment. Addressing minimum needs such as nutrition, health, sanitation, housing & education. Direct involvement of women who are likely to be affected by development programme. Providing saving habit among them. Efforts & Some bright spots Women in Uttar Pradesh have joined hands and have formed an association called as Gulabi gang Sarva shiksha abhiyan : the flagship programme of elementary education has special focus on girl child. Kasturba Gandhi Swatantrata Vidyalaya: residential school for girls. National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme (NREGP) Development of women and child in rural areas (DWCRA): Implemented during 1982. Support to training & employment for women (STEP): 1987 India is also the very first country to send an all female police contingent to participate in a UN peace keeping mission.
  6. 6. Crimes Against Women’s (i) Rape (ii) Kidnapping & Abduction for specified purposes (iii) Homicide for Dowry, Dowry Deaths or their attempts (iv) Torture - both mental and physical (v) Molestation (vi) Sexual Harassment (Eve Teasing) (vii) Importation of girls (upto 21 Year of age) (viii) Dowry Prohibition Act (ix)Sati Prevention Act
  7. 7. Some Serious problem • While goddess are welcomed with open arms, our doors are shut tight for girl child. •Our sex ratio is : 923 females per 1000 males Female Abortion • Dowry is money or values paid to the husband to be from the brides family • A majority of problems that occur regarding Dowry occur in India Dowry System • It is about Sex . 44% of all rapes happen before the age of 18 • A woman is raped every 20 minutes in India Rape’s • Getting married before attaining full mental and physical maturity. • In rural area 70%of girls are married before they are 18 Child Marriage • Often the victim was raped, but still viewed as unpure • Marrying or divorce without family’s consent also common cause Honor killing •Domestic violence and emotional abuse are behaviors used by one person in a relationship to control the other. •Examples include: sexual assault, stalking, intimidation, physical assault Domestic Violence
  8. 8. Women are facing with this harsh reality & even it is increasing day by day in the selfish world of 21st Century. Condition of women in India
  9. 9. About 10% of all the crimes committed in the country are those of women abuse. 30 lakh girl children were lost to female infanticide during 2001-2011. A woman is raped every 20 minutes in India. After 60 years of independence, 1 in 3 women in India are still illiterate. Only 39.5% women in India are economically active. Less than 40% of women give birth in a health facility. Of the world's 1.3 billion poor people, it is estimated that nearly 70 per cent are women. Between 75 and 80 per cent of the world's 27 million refugees are women and children. Only 28 women have been elected heads of state or government in this century. Of the world's nearly one billion illiterate adults, two- thirds are women.
  10. 10. An idea to improve safety of women • Ever increasing amount of crimes against women in the cities of Delhi and Mumbai • Lack of sufficient deterrent at the instance of crime when it is being committed • Failure of the police system to prevent the crime against women • Let us create a social organization under public private partnership model dedicated especially to the safety of women and to fight against all sorts of crimes against women in the city of Delhi and Mumbai • A creation of a parallel police system in public private partnership model dedicated to safety of women in Delhi and Mumbai • There is no private organization in the public security domain which could co-exist with the government police departments to fight crimes against women • We have private players in education, health care, public transport, industries, but not in public security division • Let us create a network of security personnel and security vans throughout the city of Delhi and Mumbai especially dedicated to women safety • It would be a 24 hours service in which private security men would be stationed at important and high crime places and security vans – similar to PCR vans – would roam the city of Delhi and Mumbai throughout 24 hours • It would have helplines, call and sms services and would evolve gradually to include more things
  11. 11. The organization would have its own security personnel which would be trained to handle situation like rape, harassment, kidnaps, fights, brawls etc.; especially dedicated to crime against women. A parallel police system – but in a social enterprise sense – dedicated especially to safety of women. The organization would be a not-for-profit organization, could be in public private partnership model (PPP model). It would leverage the latest technologies to fight crime and would have to get knowledge transferred from the police academies and organization from world over – FBI, Scotland Yard, London police and academic institutions dedicated to security. It would also help the state police network in times of crisis like terrorist attacks, natural calamities and other unforeseen events where such help becomes necessary – but its main purpose would be fighting crime against women. Not only some laws or operations are enough to kill this problem from our society. We have to Speak Out, Stand Out, Reach Out… All We Need
  12. 12. References • National Crime Research Bureau of India. (2012). Crime Against Women. Retrieved from http://ncrb.nic.in/CD-CII2011/cii-2011/Chapter%205.pdf • Press Trust of India. (2012, October 12). India loses 3 million girls in infanticide. The Hindu. retrieved from http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-loses-3-million-girls-in- infanticide/article3981575.ece • Ibid. • Census. (2011). Literacy in India. Retrieved from http://www.census2011.co.in/literacy.php • Madgavkar, A. (2012, December 30). India’s missing women workforce. The Wall Street Journal and Live Mint. Retrieved from http://www.livemint.com/Opinion/dd8OFniJdurubBOoNJeoHK/Indias-missing- women-workforce.html • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2009). Gender, Institutions and Development Database 2009 (GID-DB). Retrieved from http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DatasetCode=GID2 • UN Women. (n.d.). Data on Women. Retrieved from http://www.unwomensouthasia.org/media- corner/data-on-women/ • National Family Health Survey. (2005-2006). Maternal Health. Retrieved from http://hetv.org/india/nfhs/nfhs3/NFHS-3-Chapter-08-Maternal-Health.pdf • Census. (2011). India at Glance - Population Census 2011. Retrieved from http://www.census2011.co.in/p/glance.php • The World Bank. (2011). Data. Retrieved from http://data.worldbank.org/ • National Crime Research Bureau of India. (2012). Crime Against Women. Retrieved from http://ncrb.nic.in/CD-CII2011/cii-2011/Chapter%205.pdf

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