Overview Wo e ’s empowerment,it refers to
empowering women to be self-
dependent by providing them access
to all the freedoms and
opportunities, in a specific sense,
women empowerment refers to
enhancing their position in the power
structure of the society .
Women today are trying to
understand their position in the
society. Women have become
increasingly aware of sexual
inequalities in every sphere of life
and are seeking ways to fight them.
PowersTo Women. . .
Hindu law has been changed and modified. Far-reaching
changes have been introduced in the Hindu Marriage Act.
Women have been given right to divorce in certain cases.
Besides this, the Hindu Succession Act has given to the
daughter; the right to the property of her parents. Our
Constitution has given equal
rights to women. No distinction
has been made on the basis of
caste, religion or sex. Their
rights have thus been protected.
Thirdly, three percent reservation
for women is apt to be enacted
in the future.
The phrase violence against women is a technical term used to
collectively refer to violent acts that are primarily or exclusively
committed against women. Similar to a hate crime, which it is
sometimes considered, this type of violence targets a specific group
with the victim's gender as a primary motive.
The United Nations General Assembly defines "violence against
women" as "any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is
likely to result in, physical, sexual or mental harm or suffering to
women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary
deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.
Not-withstanding the remarkable changes in the position of women
in free India, there is still a great divergence between the
constitutional position and stark reality of deprivation and
degradation. Whatever whiff of emancipation has blown in Indian
society, has been inhaled and enjoyed by the urban women, their
population belonging to the rural areas are still totally untouched by
the wind of changes. They still have been living in miserable
conditions, steeped in poverty, ignorance, superstition and slavery.
There still exists a wide gulf between the goal enunciated in the
Constitution, legislations, policies, plans, programmes and related
mechanisms on the one hand and the situational reality on the
status of women in India, on the other. The human rights scenario in
the country continues to be dismal and depressing.
ofreality:(cont. . .)
What are the reasons for this sorry state of affairs ? Issues may be various and
varied, however a few basic issues deserve specific mention :
Lack of awareness
Lack of social and economic empowerment
Lack of political will
Feebleness of accountability mechanisms
Lack of enforcement by the police force
Lack of gender culture
The question arises, how greater participation
of women in politics can be achieved ? Generally, the answer is suggested in
the form of 'reservation'. However, mere reservation will not solve the
problem unless and until women are given commensurate powers to
function effectively and they themselves become more conscious and aware
The 2012 Delhi gang rape case involves a rape and
murder that occurred on 16 December 2012 in New
Delhi, when a 23-year-old female physiotherapy
intern was beaten and gang raped in a bus in which
she was travelling with her male companion. There
were only six others in the bus, including the driver,
all of whom raped the woman. The woman died
from her injuries thirteen days later while
undergoing emergency treatment in Singapore. The
incident generated widespread national and
international coverage and was condemned by
various women's groups, both in India and abroad.
Subsequently, public protests against the
Government of India and the Government of Delhi
for not providing adequate security for women took
place in New Delhi, where thousands of protesters
clashed with security forces. Similar protests took
place in major cities throughout the country.
Stepsto be takenfor safety:
• Stage One: ESTABLISHING SAFETY
– Treatment aims:
• Securing safety
• Stabilizing symptoms
• Fostering self-care
• Stage Two: REMEMBRANCE AND MOURNING
– Treatment aims:
• Reconstructing the trauma
• Transforming traumatic memory
• Stage Three: RECONNECTION
– Treatment aims:
• Reconciliation with self
• Reconnection with others
• Resolving the trauma