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  1. 1. Overview Wo e ’s empowerment,it refers to empowering women to be self- dependent by providing them access to all the freedoms and opportunities, in a specific sense, women empowerment refers to enhancing their position in the power structure of the society .  Women today are trying to understand their position in the society. Women have become increasingly aware of sexual inequalities in every sphere of life and are seeking ways to fight them.
  2. 2. PowersTo Women. . . Hindu law has been changed and modified. Far-reaching changes have been introduced in the Hindu Marriage Act. Women have been given right to divorce in certain cases. Besides this, the Hindu Succession Act has given to the daughter; the right to the property of her parents. Our Constitution has given equal rights to women. No distinction has been made on the basis of caste, religion or sex. Their rights have thus been protected. Thirdly, three percent reservation for women is apt to be enacted in the future.
  3. 3. The phrase violence against women is a technical term used to collectively refer to violent acts that are primarily or exclusively committed against women. Similar to a hate crime, which it is sometimes considered, this type of violence targets a specific group with the victim's gender as a primary motive. The United Nations General Assembly defines "violence against women" as "any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life.
  4. 4. WomenEmpowerment-stillan illusionof reality:  Not-withstanding the remarkable changes in the position of women in free India, there is still a great divergence between the constitutional position and stark reality of deprivation and degradation. Whatever whiff of emancipation has blown in Indian society, has been inhaled and enjoyed by the urban women, their population belonging to the rural areas are still totally untouched by the wind of changes. They still have been living in miserable conditions, steeped in poverty, ignorance, superstition and slavery. There still exists a wide gulf between the goal enunciated in the Constitution, legislations, policies, plans, programmes and related mechanisms on the one hand and the situational reality on the status of women in India, on the other. The human rights scenario in the country continues to be dismal and depressing.
  5. 5. WomenEmpowerment-stillan illusion ofreality:(cont. . .) What are the reasons for this sorry state of affairs ? Issues may be various and varied, however a few basic issues deserve specific mention :  Lack of awareness  Lack of social and economic empowerment  Lack of political will  Feebleness of accountability mechanisms  Lack of enforcement by the police force  Lack of gender culture The question arises, how greater participation of women in politics can be achieved ? Generally, the answer is suggested in the form of 'reservation'. However, mere reservation will not solve the problem unless and until women are given commensurate powers to function effectively and they themselves become more conscious and aware
  6. 6. The 2012 Delhi gang rape case involves a rape and murder that occurred on 16 December 2012 in New Delhi, when a 23-year-old female physiotherapy intern was beaten and gang raped in a bus in which she was travelling with her male companion. There were only six others in the bus, including the driver, all of whom raped the woman. The woman died from her injuries thirteen days later while undergoing emergency treatment in Singapore. The incident generated widespread national and international coverage and was condemned by various women's groups, both in India and abroad. Subsequently, public protests against the Government of India and the Government of Delhi for not providing adequate security for women took place in New Delhi, where thousands of protesters clashed with security forces. Similar protests took place in major cities throughout the country. DelhiRape
  7. 7. Stepsto be takenfor safety: • Stage One: ESTABLISHING SAFETY – Treatment aims: • Securing safety • Stabilizing symptoms • Fostering self-care • Stage Two: REMEMBRANCE AND MOURNING – Treatment aims: • Reconstructing the trauma • Transforming traumatic memory • Stage Three: RECONNECTION – Treatment aims: • Reconciliation with self • Reconnection with others • Resolving the trauma