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  • 1. Team: Harbingers of Change Shaikh Tariq Mobin Prabartika Sahoo Sourabh Seth Pallabi Mishra Prakash Sarangi Topic: OMNIPRESENT VOTING Main theme: Fairness at play: introducing electoral reform to reduce the influence of money and muscle power in politics
  • 2. 0 500 1,000 1,500 2009 2004 1999 1998 1996 Millions Total vote Voting age population- Population DEMOCRACY => ELECTION => VOTING ELECTIONS ARE HEALTHY AND SUCCESSFUL IF THE VOTER TURNOUT IS HIGH. 54.00% 56.00% 58.00% 60.00% 62.00% 64.00% 2009 2004 1999 1998 1996 Voter Turnout Voter Turn-out In reference to the above graphs : • Voting Age Population (VAP) has increased over the years by a huge number. • But the VOTER TURNOUT has significantly decreased over the same time. INFERENCE : Present Voting System is becoming unfavorable to a large section of the population
  • 3. REASON FOR DECLINE IN VOTER TURN OUT Lack of Awareness and Interest Remedy: Create awareness among people through Print and online social media Migration to places different from home constituency. Unsettled Population • A large part of this population is mostly mobile and does not get settled at any place • So either they do not make their Voter ID Card or even if they have a voter ID card, they are not present at their home constituency at the time of vote. • Most of these unsettled and migrating population are not able to cast their votes because  Some of them can‘t afford to come just for one day .  Many People feel Reluctant to travel for this cause.  Even if they are willing to come, their authorities won‘t allow.
  • 4. • From the above comparison it can be seen that • Around 35% of the Migrants are ― NOT LITERATE ― including Daily Wage Labourers & other workers in Informal sector etc. • Rest of the Migrants are ― LITERATE ― which include Employed Personnel, Graduates, Diploma holders etc. Distribution (per 100) of Migrants by Reason for Migration during 2007–2008, all India Migration rate (per 1000) by broad level of general education during 2007–2008 , all India • According to the census of 2001, 41% of the population of India is Youth and this trend is expected to last till 2050. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Employment Studies Marriage Movement of Parents Other male rural female rural male urban female urban 0 200 400 600 800 Not literate Literate and up to middle Secondary and higher secondary Diploma/ Certificate Graduate and above Persons Female Male
  • 5. Problem Statement The threat to democracy in India due to lack of any provision ensuring voting rights to the citizens of India not present in their home constituency. Solution This problem can be solved by providing the right of Voting to the people not present in their constituency by our Program ― Absentee Voting for All‖ ― Absentee Voting for All‖ allows them to vote for their home constituency from any part of the country by using innovation in Technology and Management
  • 6. Implementation • Apply for Absentee Voting for All  Make Special Voting ID Card (SVIC) Login to chief Electoral office Webpage (e.g. Odisha:http://www.ceoorissa.nic.in/) Or Contact nearest Electoral roll booth to make SVIC #Application for ―Absentee Voting for All‖ makes eligibility at resident constituency null and void ,and vice versa. Special Voting ID Card (SVIC) Voting ID Card along With QR code which Contains the information In Encrypted format to be Read by QR reader Pre-Election • Stage 1: Special Polling station  QR code reader reads the Voter Information from SVIC and sends to the Computer  Computer Checks the Code with Server  Computer displays Personal Information of card holder for Inspection  Mark on finger put after successful verification Election Voter Information Server PASS FAIL IN Supervision of Election Officer
  • 7. Implementation • Stage 2: Special Polling station  Special QR code reader reads only the constituency and signals the Modified Electoral Voting Machine(MEVM)  MEVM displays the serial number, candidate name and corresponding Party symbol for the voter‘s constituency. Election • Stage 3: Polling Booth  Voter presses the button in Balloting Unit corresponding to his/her desired candidate.  The red light glows for 10 seconds.  If sure, voter can press ―OK‖.  If not Sure, voter can press ―Cancel‖ and Press another button.  After 10 seconds OK is automatically assumed.  The selection gets recorded in Control Unit In Utmost Privacy inside Polling Booth IN Supervision of Election Officer MEVM Modified Electoral Voting Machine (MEVM) MEVM is an upgraded Electoral Voting Machine with Digitized screen Whose Contents of display can change as per Special QR code reader input and Added Cancel/Select Vote Option Balloting Unit Control Unit
  • 8. Implementation • Counting  Assembly of all Counting machines at District Vote Counting Centre from all Polling booths  Compilation of Votes  Display of votes of each candidate.  Transfer of Vote Result to the State/Central Vote compilation center through Internet.  Publication of Final Result by State/Central Vote compilation center. Post-Election Polling Stations • For State Legislative Assembly Elections  General Polling Station in the respective state  Special Polling Station at all Sub Districts (5564 as per Census 2011) and Special locations due to Voter population as determined by Chief Election Commissioner. • For Lok sabha elections  General Polling station throughout the Country  Special Polling system at all Districts (593 as per Census 2011) and Special locations due to Voter population as determined by chief election commissioner. State/Central Vote Compilation Center District Vote Counting Center General Polling Station Special Polling Station District Vote Counting Center General Polling Station Special Polling station Display of Votes Votes sent for central counting Publication of Final Result EVM sent to Counting Center
  • 9. Organization Structure President Helper (3) Security Operator Vice. President Technical Head of Department Vice. President Statistics Head of Department Existing System of Organization At district vote counting center Existing System of Organization At General Polling station Chief Presiding Officer Helper (3) Security Operator Asst. Presiding officer(1) Existing System of Organization At General Polling station Existing System of Organization At State/Central vote counting center Auxillary System of Organization At Data Centres Data Centres are Auxillary bodies that contain supercomputers to manage the heavy data traffic during Elections
  • 10. Financial Estimates (in Rupees) Total Expenditure Rs.230 Crores (1st Time) TECHNOLOGY COST LOGISTICS COST ORGANIZATION COST COMPUTER + UPS + BAR CODE READER INTERNET COSTS MEVM 2 X SUPER COMPUTERS 4 X DATA CENTRES 3,000 23,000 8,000 70,00,00,000 40,00,00,000 PER BOOTH CENTRALIZED COSTS 5564 BLOCKS X 5 BOOTHS/BLOCK APPROX. 95 CRORES TRANSPORTATION COSTS 40,000 PER BLOCK APPROX. 23 CRORES 1 PRESIDING OFFICER 1 ASST. PRESIDING OFFICER 5 COMPUTER OPERATORS 3 HELPERS 5 SECURITY OFFICERS PER BLOCK 1 X 1000 1 X 900 5 X 700 3 X 500 5 X 600 5564 BLOCKS X 9,700/BLOCK APPROX. 5 CRORES DATA CENTRES AND SUPER COMPUTER MANAGEMENT 2 CRORES 205 CRORES 23 CRORES 2 CRORES
  • 11. IMPACT AND REACH • Increase in the voter turnout by around 25% or above from the present Voter turnout of 58%(according to 2009 Lok Sabha Election) • Increase in Transparency because of public release of vote counts at each step of Election procedure. • Reduction in influence of Muscle or Money power as voters are away from home constituency.
  • 12. CHALLENGES AND MITIGATION • Absence of proper infrastructure and erratic power supply • Unavailability of Internet facility • Less experience of polling officials and operators in handling computerized technologies • Hacking of the EVM and manipulation of votes. CHALLENGES MITIGATION • Erratic power supply problem is solved by conventional power backup and solar power system • Setting up polling station only in the sub-divisional offices (Internet facility already available) • Proper training programs prior to the elections • The EVM and counting machines are independent system and are not connected to internet.
  • 13. BIBLIOGRAPHY • Voter turn out data by http://www.idea.int/vt/countryview.cfm?id=105 accessed on 4.09.13. • Computations based on NSS, Round 64, Schedule 10, Individual-level data. • de Haan, A., 2000, ‗Migrants, Livelihoods and Rights: The Relevance of Migration in Development Policies‘, Journal of Development Studies, vol. 36 no. 2, pp. 1–47. • Deshingkar P., R. Khandelwal, J. Farrington, 2008, ‗Support for migrant workers: The missing link in India‘s development‘, in Natural Resource Perspectives, 117, London, Overseas Development Institute. • —. 2011b,‗Internal Migrants and Social Protection in India: The Missing Links‘, paper • presented at UNESCO-UNICEF National Workshop on Internal Migration and Human • Development in India, 6–7 December 2011, ICSSR, New Delhi. • Standing Committee on Finance, Fifteenth Lok Sabha, 2011, ‗Ministry of Planning – The National Identification Authority of India Bill 2010‘, 42nd Report, December, New Delhi: Lok Sabha Secretariat.