N. K. Tripathi
CHOOSED THIS CAUSE BECAUSE HALF
OF THE COUNTRY’S POPULATION IS
ASSOCIATED WITH IT
Our agriculture is technology deficient as
far world agriculture is concerned.
Rice yield are 1/3 of China, half of Vietnam
Even Punjab’s average yield of rice in 2010
was 3.8 tones per hectare against global
average of 4.3 tones.
India (J&K) produces 11 tones per acre in
apple as compared to US, New Zealand, Israel
or China where yield ranges from 30-70 tones
The average size of agricultural land
holdings has decreased from 2.3 hectares in
1971 to 1.2 hectares in 2011.
80% of all farmers in the country are small
or marginal farmers operating on a little over
40% of all cultivable land in the country.
Values in kg/hectare
Around 70% of population of India is involved in
agriculture but contributes only 13% to G.D.P.
Due to the increasing population the average size
of holdings have decreased.
Lack of skilled workers & adequate technology.
Youth has been deviating from farming to other
sectors due to decreasing profitability.(59% of
urban migrants are from rural areas).
Failure of National Agriculture Policy (NAP) at
Unavailable market for grown cash crops due to
weak supply chain.
Lack of infrastructure - only 28% of total
production can be stored by government.
Improper rainfall and lack of irrigation facility
(only 35% of total agricultural land is
Farmers have to use hybrid seeds as land once
sowed with hybrid seeds cannot cope up with the
indigenous seeds to produce the same output.
Reasons for Present Scenario
The Policy is an attempt to circumscribe the agricultural land in the country which has
major cause of low productivity over the years.
The policy unites the land of small farmers into large cultivable masses and providing
them with better returns.
The land is taken from farmers on rent by the committee in charge of this policy.
It employs local farmers for 200 days in a year for an initial rate of Rs. 250 per day.
This policy provides a holistic approach to farming that is, to include various other
aspects of agriculture like dairy, vermi-composting, bio energy plants. This can help in
promoting organic farming in the long run and also replenish the natural raw materials.
It expands the base of research and development in agriculture by providing projects to
research scholars of agriculture universities.
It also takes a note of various regional diversities and geographical conditions so that
bounties of nature in a particular area are harnessed properly like solar water pumps in
Rajasthan and Gujarat, water harvesting, and making of irrigation canal grid.
It emphasizes on promoting growth of cash crops so that highly requisite foreign
currency is available through export.
The policy monitors the land use pattern so that fertile lands are used only for
agricultural purposes and declaring these areas as Special Protected Agriculture Areas
The scope of this policy views that in the initial attempt, only 40% of total
farmers will register for NaKVY.
Formation of a high level committee of 12 members consisting of secretaries
from Finance Ministry, Social Welfare Ministry, Environment Ministry,
nominees from Party Opposition, one famous RTI Activist, Head of National
Kissan Union and experts/nominees from the top five Indian Universities.
Formation of similar committees at state level but number of nominees of
Kissan Union will be two and number of experts/nominees from the
Agriculture Universities should be three.
Under the guidance of this committee, government will implement the policy
in every village at national level.
By this policy government wishes to circumscribe the agriculture areas of
every village which are otherwise distributed and are a major cause of low
Government will publicize this policy initially in the newspapers consisting of:
1. Registration work of submission of lands in tehsil to be done within 30 days.
2. Tehsil has to complete reallocation work in 45 days.
3. No change of ownerships.
4. Provision of incentives including rent of land, subsidized home loans and
5. After completion of reallocation work a formal visit by agriculture experts
appointed by the committee for soil testing, pest management, introduction to
post-harvest technology and careful selection of seeds.
6. 50 percent of the land to be used for growing cash crops in the area and rest
50% to be used for growing food crops which are best possible according to
7. The owners of the land will be given work on their lands also keeping in mind
that workers will be less to reduce disguised unemployment.
PLANNING EXECUTION SURVEILLENCE
Amount of yield for every SPAA would be pre decided by expert according to the
input. If the yield is even 10 quintal less than the projected yield, a fast-track
investigation would under the way by the experts . If any person is found guilty of
corruption, he/she would have to face the proceedings.
The produce of every SPAA will be a national property. If any damage to the
property is caused, it would be dealt similar to loss of national property.
The period between bowing to cultivation will be pre decided by the concerned
experts. Exactly at the mid of the duration, there will be a visit for Quality Check
The policy also keeps a check on corruption committed by experts. So all experts,
state and national committees will be under the surveillance of CVC (Central
•Identifying Zones (if required).
•Identifying Research Institutions to work with.
•Crop selection and spreading awareness.
•Supervise all the farming activities done by Gram
•Keep Record of production and spending.
•Avail the required quality and quantity of man ,material
•Spreading awareness & convincing the farmers
•Recruitment and supervision of Kissan Mitras.
•Under Agriculture ministry.
•All monetary decisions.
•Check on state body.
•Conduct of survey and census.
FLOW CHART of Mechanism (Stake Holders involved)
Salary at rate 250Rs/per day for
200 days for 16 crore farmers
Salary of 12,000 for about 10,722
Kissan mitras(2 per tehsil)
Rent of land at rate 4,000 per
year per hectare
Research and Development 5,000 crore
Fertilizers and other investment 43,176 crore
Policy Investment will be around INR 1.3 lac crores
and revenue to the government will be INR 50,000
crores in the initial year
The agricultural productivity per hectare will be enhanced to double the present
scenario in 4 years.
The cereals, non-food crops and cash crops will be grown in required proportion
which will minimize the problem of ‘Excess and Distribution’.
Direct government regulation will empower the supply chain reduce the food prices
and ensure its proper safety. ( number of godowns).
Organic Farming will be suitably introduced in step by step manner.
World class infrastructure and research & development will take place.
Middle-manship will be vanished.
Export and percentage of agriculture in country’s GDP will be increased.
The farmers income and lifestyle will be improved considerably and uniformly.
Impacts of NaKVY
Convincing the farmers to rent their land without any
Decision making on the number of labour required and
Lack of infrastructural requirements.
Increases burden on certain department of government.
Direct expulsion of large number of people from
Chances of Corruption at various level.
Challenges to NaKVY
KURUKSHETRA magazine, published by Ministry of Rural Development
YOJANA Magazine, published by Mininstry of Information and Broadcasting
Direct advices of villagers and farmers.