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  1. 1. Urbanization of urban India
  2. 2. Urban India • Total population of India : 1210.2 million • With a total urban population of 285 million and 35 metropolitan cities and metropolises, India's urban issues with all their related challenges and opportunities demand their firm place on the national agenda. • % of population in Urban India : 31.6% • One in eight people in indian cities live below the poverty line. • Indian cities need $1.2 Trillion of additional Capital investment by 2030.
  3. 3. Problems facing Urban India • Urbanization of Poverty • Urbanization of poverty is one of the key features of India's urbanization. • While migrants place enormous strain on urban infrastructure, they must also be recognized as vital contributors to the city economy • Almost 50% of Indian population will be in Urban Areas by 2050. • Lack of basic Civic Amenities • Lack of basic amenities like water, sanitation and public transport. • Inadequate resources and unsustainable growth. • Lack of region specific policies. • Lack of transparency and stake holders participation • Monopoly of the government in providing basic services. • Lack of proper planning and improper fund management. • Indian cities need $1.2 Trillion of additional capital investment by 2030
  4. 4. • According to a World Bank study, of 27 Asian cities with populations of over one million, Chennai and Delhi share the same rank as the worst performing cities in terms of hours of water availability per day, while Mumbai is ranked as the second worst performer and Kolkata as the fourth worst.
  5. 5. Solution Proposal Involve private sector in Urban development projects through public private partnerships and corporate social responsibility. • In case of shortage of funds allow public private partnership in providing basic services like public transportation and garbage disposal on a profit sharing basis. • Explore profit generating avenues. .
  6. 6. Integration of the Poor and Marginalized • Urban poverty is infinitely more complex and dynamic than its rural counterpart... it comprises deprivations of housing, employment, services, physical safety and above all, a voice. • Huddled in high-density informal settlements, the poor are left to fend for themselves to find shelter, water, and services that enable daily life. Urban Infrastructure Services & Management using appropriate technologies. • Use of low cost construction materials produced from such bricks made of fly ash and reducing dependence on conventional construction materials. • Fly ash bricks cost 20% less than clay bricks and it also solves the problem of fly ash disposal. • Rain water harvesting can increase ground water level and quality.
  7. 7. Environnmental Sustainability • India demand for energy is expected to grow by 95 per cent by 2030. • All future constructions should be Energy certified Green buildings. • Use of Solar Power will play a major role in meeting the growing demand. • Cities should be planned with at least 33% of area under green cover to mitigate impact of pollution and climate. • Domestic garbage can be ussed to produce biogas for cooking. • Delhi is the most air polluted city in India. • Promote urban farming in vacant lands and abandoned areas of the city.
  8. 8. SUSTAINABILITY OF THE SOLUTIONS • Governance should be done on a more proactive basis. • Region specific legislation and Policies should be framed and implemented with respect to municipalities and urban local bodies. • Municipalities need to improve finances through creation of revenue generating avenues rather than depending on state government. • Women centric policies should be framed in providing basic infrastructure.
  9. 9. Impact of solution
  10. 10. Appendix • India’s urban awakening: building inclusive cities, sustaining economic growth, Mckinsey Global Institute • • RECOMMENDATIONS FOR NATIONAL ACTION PLAN FOR GOOD URBAN GOVERNANCE • Future proofing cities by atkins •