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glnaitmcivil11 glnaitmcivil11 Presentation Transcript

  • Fairness at play : introducing electoral reforms to reduce the influence of money and muscle power in politics :
  • “J.P. FEFFER DEFINES POWER AS THE CAPACITY OF A PERSON,TEAM, DEPARTMENT OR ORGANIZATION TO INFLUENCE OTHER” POWER IS THE POTENTIAL TO CHANGE OTHERS ATTITUDE OR BEHAVIOR. WHAT IS THE(MONEY/MUSCLE) POWER?
  •  Money is vital for modern democracies without it citizens would not have the means to convey ideas nor compete for political power through electrol processes. However money can distort the democratic ideals for fair competition through unbalanced access to resources to some individuals or political groups.  According to recent study of CSDS, money is a key factor in Indian elections. Although the 122 candidates studied range from Super Rich to “lower middle” class. All major parties preferred to back the richer candidates who could fund their own election expense. POSITIVE ASPECTSOFMONEY
  • MONEY CAN DISTORT THE DEMOCRATIC IDEALS OF FAIR COMPETITION THROUGH UNBALANCED ACCESS TO RESOURCES TO SOME INDIVIDUALS OR POLITICAL GROUPS IN 2008, CANDIDATES FOR OFFICE, POLITICAL PARTIES, AND INDEPENDENT GROUPS SPENT A TOTAL OF $5.3 BILLION ON FEDERAL ELECTIONS. THE AMOUNT SPENT ON THE PRESIDENTIAL RACE ALONE WAS $2.4 BILLION, AND OVER $1 BILLION OF THAT WAS SPENT BY THE CAMPAIGNS OF THE TWO MAJOR CANDIDATES: BARACK OBAMA SPENT $730 MILLION IN HIS ELECTION CAMPAIGN, AND JOHN MCCAIN SPENT $333 MILLION. IN 2004 THE BUDGET SET BY THE ELECTION COMMISION OF INDIA FOR GENERAL ELECTION IS 2.5 MILLION BUT ACCORDING TO ECE IT INCREASES TO 6.5 BILLION ,BUT ACCORDING TO INDIA TODAY SURVEY IT IS 115.62 BILLION . HOW CAN IT BECOME BANE?
  • the percentages of MPs from each party facing criminal charges. In India :
  • MOST VOTERS(83%) BELIEVE THAT LOBBYISTS HAVE MORE INFLUENCE THAN VOTERS OVER ELECTED OFFICIALS . SO IT HAVE NEGATIVE INFLUENCE ON GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS. THE DISILLUSIONMENT WITH THE CURRENT POLITICAL SYSTEM SO DEEP THAT 52% OF THEM WOULD PREFER A DICTATORSHIP WHERE THINGS WOULD GET DONE (ACC. TO HT-MARS YOUTH SURVEY 2013 ) NEED OF FAIR ELECTION:- 86% 14% IS THERE ANY INFLUENCE OF POLITICIAN ON YOU ? (BASED ON THE SURVEY CONDUCTED BY HT-MARS SURVEY TO I.A.S.) yes no
  • We have spent decades waiting to be a part of the decision making ,hoping in vain,for something to change the time is now shortlist the candidates of clean and clear image and start vote for them. More qualified young professionals should come into politics. Right to recall must be introduce. Public awareness. Former justice MN Vancatchailiya committe report must be implemented to review the working of constitution to ban the politician having five year prison. Citizen funded fair election system have to be implemented i.e a person or a group SHOULD NOT fund more than a given limit. SUGGESTIONS:-
  • Federal contribution limits Federal law restricts how much individuals and organizations may contribute to political campaigns, political parties, and other FEC- regulated organizations. Corporations and unions are barred from donating money directly to candidates or national party committees. Sources ofcampaign funding willbelikethis -
  • To each candidate1 To national party committee2 To state, district & local party committee2 To any other political committee2 Special Limits Individual may give $2,500 $30,800 $10,000 $5,000 $117,000 overall biennial limit;  $46,200 to all candidates  $70,800 to all PACs and parties National Party Committee may give $5,000 No limit No limit $5,000 $43,100to Senate candidate per campaign State, District and Local Party Committee may give $5,000 No limit No limit $5,000 No limit PAC (multicandidate) may give $5,000 $15,000 $5,000 $5,000 No limit PAC (not multicandidate) m ay give $2,500 $30,800 $10,000 $5,000 No limit Authorized Campaign Committee may give $2,000 No limit No limit $5,000 No limit
  • BENEFITS OF FAIR ELECTION:-  Makes candidates and elected officials accountable only to the public interests rather than powerful special interests.  Makes election fair by levelling the playing field for candidates (on the basis of ideas and merit)  Allows politicians less in fund raising.  Gives all citizens regardless of wealth, a fair shot to be heard and participate in every step of democratic process.  Reinviqorates our democracy by helping to engage voters and increasing voter turn out.
  • References –  - joint survey of HT-MARS youth survey.  - some selected speech of J.P. FEFFER .  -justice M.N. VANCATCHAILIYA committee report.  - Acc.to E.C.I data.  - LOKSABHA report .  - INDIA TODAY survey