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  1. 1. The principle of gender equality is enshrined in the Indian Constitution in its Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles. The Constitution not only grants equality to women, but also empowers the State to adopt measures of positive discrimination in favor of women. Women face many social challenges today whether it be making soaps and incense in order to secure an income for her family to raising children amidst the harsh economic crisis. A woman is dynamic in the many roles she plays. In the village of Warwarhere in Maharashtra 400 women stood up and raised their voices to ban alcohol and drugs. Women have withstood perennial health problems due to the lack of toilet facilities and are forced to use fields and open spaces for defecation.
  2. 2.  Two-third of the world illiterates are women.  10% of all the crimes committed in India are of women abuse.  30 lakh girl child were lost to female infanticide during 2001-2011.  A woman is raped every 20 minutes in India.  Only 39.5% women in India are economically active compared to 80% in China.  Less than 40% women give birth in proper health facilities.
  3. 3.  Within the framework of a democratic polity, our laws, development policies, Plans and programme’s have aimed at women’s advancement in different spheres. From the Fifth Five Year Plan (1974-78) onwards has been a marked shift in the approach to women’s issues from welfare to development.  In recent years, the empowerment of women has been recognized as the central issue in determining the status of women.  The National Commission for Women was set up by an Act of Parliament in 1990 to safeguard the rights and legal entitlements of women. The 73rd and 74th Amendments (1993) to the Constitution of India have provided for reservation of seats in the local bodies of Panchayats and Municipalities for women, laying a strong foundation for their participation in decision making at the local levels.
  4. 4. (i) Creating an environment for full development of women. (ii) The de-jure and de-facto enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedom by women. (iii) Equal access to participation and decision making of women (iv) Equal access to women to health care, quality education at all levels, career and vocational guidance, employment, equal remuneration, occupational health and safety, social security and public office etc. (v) Strengthening legal systems aimed at elimination of all forms of discrimination against women.
  5. 5. HINEOUS CASES IN THE PAST.  JESSICA LAL MURDER CASE – murdered on mere refusal to serve a drink.  DELHI’S GANGRAPE CASE- A girl ‘NIRBHAYA’ gang raped in a bus , succumbed to death, her friend physically assaulted in urge to save her. o Sexual abuse o Female infanticide o Dowry system o Unemployment o Illiteracy o Gender inequality The country mourned for a while , demonstrated , fought but justice was delayed.
  6. 6.  NIRBHAYA’S TRAGIC DEATH. 16 December, 2012 the fatal night when she boarded a bus with her friend to end with sexual assault , brutalized to injuries and her injuries succumbed her to death. Though her case was fast tracked but justice is still awaited.
  7. 7. 66 years of independence and women are still fighting for:
  8. 8. Mainstreaming a Gender Perspective in the Development Process  Economic Empowerment of women poverty eradication Micro credit Women and Economy Women’s perspectives will be included in designing and implementing macro- economic and social policies by institutionalizing their participation in such processes
  9. 9.  Social empowerment of woman  Education  Health  Nutrition  Environment  Shelter
  10. 10. The results of these programs include: • By providing women food farmers easy access to credit, adequate training and instilling in them the importance of saving, THP's Microfinance Program enables women to engage in income-generating activities to increase their incomes and invest in their families and communities. • More than 1.1 million people have taken the HIV/AIDS and Gender Inequality Workshop, in which they not only learn the facts of AIDS, but also confront and transform the gender- based behaviors that fuel the pandemic. • In India, our Women's Leadership Workshop has empowered 80,000 women elected to local councils to be effective change agents in their villages. They are forming district- and state-wide federations to ensure that their voices are heard at top levels of government. • In Bangladesh, we catalyzed the formation of a 300- organization alliance that organizes more than 800 events across the country each September in honor of National Girl Child Day, a day to focus on eradicating all forms of discrimination against girl children.
  11. 11. President signs new anti-rape bill: Are all women safe now? The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 commonly known as the anti-rape bill came into force on Wednesday, April 3 after President Pranab Mukherjee put his signature into the bill. The bill has been termed by the government as the "single pill" to address all ills (crimes) against women. But, the question is whether the bill can protect women in India. Is having a bill enough to end crimes against women? Or, better implementation of laws, more sensitive police, civil society and change in mind set can tackle the issue of crime against women? finally the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2013 or "anti-rape law" has been passed by Upper House of Parliament (Rajya Sabha) on Thursday, March 21. Earlier, the Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha (Lower House) on Tuesday, March 19. Once President Pranab Mukherkee ratifies it and issues a notification, the Bill will become a law. The need for a strict law to deal with sex crimes against women was felt after The brutality of the crime of 16 December 2012 shocked the nation. Indians protested on the streets to demand better safety measures for women and strict laws to punish the culprits. Under public pressure, Congress-led UPA government at the Centre formed Justice JS Verma panel to come up with strict laws to arrest crime against women. The Cabinet approved it, before it was put to test on the Parliament.