The principle of gender equality is enshrined in the Indian Constitution in its
Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Directive
Principles. The Constitution not only grants equality to women, but also
empowers the State to adopt measures of positive discrimination in favor of
Women face many social challenges
today whether it be making soaps and
incense in order to secure an income
for her family to raising children amidst
the harsh economic crisis. A woman is
dynamic in the many roles she plays. In
the village of Warwarhere in
Maharashtra 400 women stood up and
raised their voices to ban alcohol and
drugs. Women have withstood
perennial health problems due to the
lack of toilet facilities and are forced to
use fields and open spaces for
Two-third of the world illiterates are women.
10% of all the crimes committed in India are of
30 lakh girl child were lost to female infanticide
A woman is raped every 20 minutes in India.
Only 39.5% women in India are economically
active compared to 80% in China.
Less than 40% women give birth in proper health
Within the framework of a democratic polity, our laws,
development policies, Plans and programme’s have aimed
at women’s advancement in different spheres. From the Fifth
Five Year Plan (1974-78) onwards has been a marked shift in
the approach to women’s issues from welfare to
In recent years, the empowerment of women has been
recognized as the central issue in determining the status of
The National Commission for Women was set up by an Act of
Parliament in 1990 to safeguard the rights and legal
entitlements of women.
The 73rd and 74th Amendments (1993) to the Constitution of
India have provided for reservation of seats in the local bodies of
Panchayats and Municipalities for women, laying a strong
foundation for their participation in decision making at the local
(i) Creating an environment for full development of women.
(ii) The de-jure and de-facto enjoyment of all human rights
and fundamental freedom by women.
(iii) Equal access to participation and decision making of
(iv) Equal access to women to health care, quality education
at all levels, career and vocational guidance, employment,
equal remuneration, occupational health and safety, social
security and public office etc.
(v) Strengthening legal systems aimed at elimination of all
forms of discrimination against women.
HINEOUS CASES IN THE
JESSICA LAL MURDER
CASE – murdered on mere
refusal to serve a drink.
CASE- A girl ‘NIRBHAYA’ gang
raped in a bus , succumbed to
death, her friend physically
assaulted in urge to save her.
o Sexual abuse
o Dowry system
The country mourned for a
while , demonstrated ,
fought but justice was
16 December, 2012 the
fatal night when she
boarded a bus with her
friend to end with sexual
assault , brutalized to
injuries and her injuries
succumbed her to
Though her case was fast
tracked but justice is still
66 years of
women are still fighting
Mainstreaming a Gender Perspective in the
Economic Empowerment of women
Women and Economy
Women’s perspectives will be included
in designing and implementing macro-
economic and social policies by
institutionalizing their participation in
Social empowerment of woman
The results of these programs include:
• By providing women food farmers easy access to credit,
adequate training and instilling in them the importance of
saving, THP's Microfinance Program enables women to engage
in income-generating activities to increase their incomes and
invest in their families and communities.
• More than 1.1 million people have taken the HIV/AIDS
and Gender Inequality Workshop, in which they not only learn
the facts of AIDS, but also confront and transform the gender-
based behaviors that fuel the pandemic.
• In India, our Women's Leadership Workshop has
empowered 80,000 women elected to local councils to be
effective change agents in their villages. They are forming
district- and state-wide federations to ensure that their voices
are heard at top levels of government.
• In Bangladesh, we catalyzed the formation of a 300-
organization alliance that organizes more than 800 events
across the country each September in honor of National Girl
Child Day, a day to focus on eradicating all forms of
discrimination against girl children.
President signs new anti-rape bill: Are all women safe
The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2013 commonly known as the anti-rape bill
came into force on Wednesday, April 3 after President Pranab Mukherjee put his
signature into the bill. The bill has been termed by the government as the "single
pill" to address all ills (crimes) against women. But, the question is whether the bill
can protect women in India. Is having a bill enough to end crimes against
women? Or, better implementation of laws, more sensitive police, civil society
and change in mind set can tackle the issue of crime against women?
finally the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2013 or "anti-rape law" has been
passed by Upper House of Parliament (Rajya Sabha) on Thursday, March 21.
Earlier, the Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha (Lower House) on Tuesday, March
19. Once President Pranab Mukherkee ratifies it and issues a notification, the Bill
will become a law. The need for a strict law to deal with sex crimes against
women was felt after The brutality of the crime of 16 December 2012 shocked the
nation. Indians protested on the streets to demand better safety measures for
women and strict laws to punish the culprits. Under public pressure, Congress-led
UPA government at the Centre formed Justice JS Verma panel to come up with
strict laws to arrest crime against women. The Cabinet approved it, before it was
put to test on the Parliament.