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  1. 1. Manthan Topic: sowing prosperity Agriculture: a new dawn for the golden bird india Team Details Shubham Shree Karchana Kumari Pooja kumari Priyanka singh Sanu singh
  2. 2. characteristics Cultivated area • National average cultivated area=1.69 hectares • 72.3% of cultivated area devoted to food crop CROP SEASONS • Food crop and commercial crop are widely cultivated in india • 3 major crop seasons in india Irrigation • Irrigation facility available for 30% of cultivated land • Artificial irrigation is very essential for Indian agriculture as monsoon is uncertain and inequitably distributed KHARIF (JUNE- OCT) ZAID (APR-JUNE) RABI (NOV- APR)
  3. 3. Comparison between agriculture in India and usa  Usa is developed country  Avg. Farm in Usa is 250 hectares  Farmers in Usa use most advanced technology  Usa farmers are rich and wealthy  Irrigation facility is very advanced  Usa farmers do not depend on rain for irrigation  India is a developing country  Avg. Farm in India is 2.3 hectares  Indian farmers use poor technology  Farmers commit suicide due to hunger and poor life  Lack of facility of irrigation and know ledge  Indian farmers depend on rain water for irrigation
  4. 4. Agricultural promotion Land resource planning information and education for agriculture Land conservation and rehabilitation Integrated pest management and control in agriculture AGRICULTURE FOR AN HONORABLE AND HIGHMINDED MAN, IS THE BEST OF ALL OCCUPATIONS OR ARTS BY WHICH MEN PROCURE THE MEANS OF LIVING
  5. 5. Agricultural promotion Rural energy transition to enhance productivity Conservation and sustainable agriulture THE ULTIMATE GOAL OF FARMING IS NOT THE GROWING OF CROPS, BUT THE CULTIVATION AND PERFECTION OF HUMAN BEINGS
  6. 6. PEST MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL  Use of field sanitation and reduction of pest habitat  Crop rotations  Resistance management  Judicious use of pesticide CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE In future more people will need more food Farming is a key source of income that can help make poverty history Agriculture has a dual role in adopting and mitigating climate change Agriculture uses natural resources that are becoming scarce
  7. 7. RICE PRODUCTION IN INDIA Sl.no States % 1 West Bengal 15.8 2 Andhra Pradesh 12.71 3 Orissa 7.31 4 Punjab 10.86 5 Uttar Pradesh 11.91 6 Tamil nadu 7.08 7 8 9 10 Bihar Chhattisgarh Haryana karnataka 5.34 5.40 3.6 3.70 Water relations: Stands water logged conditions; 200 mm of monthly rainfall for lowland rice and 100 mm for upland rice; Requires a rainfall of 125 cm during vegetative stage; No standing water at ripening stage; Temperature: Need hot and humid climate; Best suited for the regions having high humidity, prolonged sunshine; Mean temperature around 22oC through out growing period; Tolerates day temperature up to 40oC; Above 22oC respiration is accelerated and grain filling period is reduced
  8. 8. Wheat production in India Sl.no. states % 1 Haryana 13.27 2 Uttar Pradesh 33.02 3 Punjab 19.26 4 Madhya Pradesh 9.67 5 Rajasthan 9.31 6 Bihar 5.16 7 8 9 10 Gujarat Maharashtra Uttaranchal West Bengal 3.96 2.15 1.06 1.06 Climatic Requirement for Wheat Cultivation Wheat is a temperature crop but widely adapted to varying climate conditions. It needs cool, dry and clear climate for better growth and yield The optimum temperature range for growth is between 70C to 210C. The rainfall requirement is 750 to 1600 mm/year. Very low temperature, cloudy atmosphere and frost during grain filling stage is harmful. Soil Requirement for Wheat Cultivation: Wheat crop is grown in different types of soils ranging from desert soil to heavy clay soil. Heavy soil with open structure which can retain the monsoon rainfall for longer period is ideal for dry wheat crop. In M.S. black soils (regurs) are most suitable for cultivation of wheat.
  9. 9. We strongly believe that agriculture that is Environmentally, economically and socially Sustainable can make a vital contribution in Our response to the most urgent challenges: Reducing poverty and ensuring food security There are two spiritual dangers in not owning a farm. One is the danger of supposing that breakfast comes from the grocery, and the other that heat comes from the furnace
  10. 10. REFERENCES •Indian council for agricultural research •Reserve bank of Australia •Agricultural cooper •Wikipedia •Maps of India(www.mapsofindia.com) •Consevationgateway(www.conservationgateway.org) •Pesticidestewardship(www.pesticideatewar dship.org)