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  • 2. MALNUTRITION PEOPLE ARE MALNOURISHED IF THEIR DIET DOES NOT PROVIDE ADEQUATE CALORIES AND PROTEIN FOR GROWTH AND MAINTENANCE OR THEY ARE UNABLE TO FULLY UTILIZE THE FOOD THEY EAT DUE TO ILLNESS (UNDERNUTRITION). THEY ARE ALSO MALNOURISHED IF THEY CONSUME TOO MANY CALORIES (OVERNUTRITION).” Type of Malnutrition Specific Deficiency Under Nutrition Over nutrition Imbalance Types of Malnutrition Under nutrition Lack of nutrients Low income countries Over nutrition Obesity High and middle income countries
  • 3. Why it is important to address Malnutrition ?  Hunger and malnutrition kill more people every year than AIDS, Malaria, and Tuberculosis combined.  Every 5 seconds, a child dies of hunger.  More than 15,000 children under age 5 perish daily from malnutrition.  Al ost a ua te of the o ld’s hu ge icti s li e i Af ica.  Malnutrition accelerates AIDS.  Malnutrition is implicated in more than half of all child deaths worldwide – a proportion unmatched by any infectious disease since the Black Death.
  • 4. Situation of Malnutrition in India Severity Prevalence of GAM Acceptable <5% Poor 5-9% Serious 10-14% critical >=15%  India may loose $46 billion due to malnutrition by 2030.  2 billion people suffer from iron deficiency.  Malnutrition is a contributing factor in over 50% of deaths i child e u de fi e.”  Globally nearly 20 million children suffer from severe acute malnutrition.  Severe acute malnutrition contributes to 1 million child deaths every year.  India is far from being a homogeneous country in terms of malnutrition.
  • 5. Causes of Malnutrition r Underlying Causes Basic Causes  Illiteracy , specially in women  Poor access to health services  Lack of availability of safe drinking water.  Poor breastfeeding practices.  Poor sanitation and environmental conditions.  Teenage pregnancies resulting in low birth weight of newborns.  Ignorance about nutritional needs of infants.
  • 6. Types of malnutrition Weight loss Immunity lowered Growth faltering Mucosa damaged Disease: Incidence Severity Duration Apetite loss Nutrient Loss Malabsorbtion Altered metabolism Inadequate Dietary Intake The evil cycle of Malnutrition  Acute malnutrition  Kwashiorkor  Marasmus  Chronic malnutrition  Wasting
  • 7. 48 20 43 Stunted Wasted Underweight % children below 5 years What leads to Malnutrition in India ?
  • 8. How Malnutrition can be prevented? Child Survival Growth Development  Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended to 6 months of age and complementary after 6 months.  Provide quality care for children with severe under-nutrition.  Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative.  Properly Fed: Active feeding method and proper frequency acc. to age.  Safe: Should be hygienically prepared, stored and fed.  Control micronutrient deficiencies and anemia in adolescent girls and women. Adequate and proper diet (food) Calories, Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Minerals and Vitamins.
  • 9. Conclusion  Malnutrition has a direct link with child survival and development.  Good nourishment is the right of every child, and the state must ensure proper nutrition for all children.  To realize the potential of demographic dividend, India must ensure that its children grow healthily.  Economic growth of 9% can not guarantee good health to the citizens if the state do not take pains to redistribute wealth properly to make India a safer place for its children to grow with dignity.
  • 10. SOURCES • • Wikipedia • • WHO • UNICEF • The Times of India • NDTV • MADE BY