PEOPLE ARE MALNOURISHED IF THEIR DIET DOES NOT PROVIDE ADEQUATE
CALORIES AND PROTEIN FOR GROWTH AND MAINTENANCE OR THEY ARE UNABLE TO
FULLY UTILIZE THE FOOD THEY EAT DUE TO ILLNESS (UNDERNUTRITION). THEY ARE
ALSO MALNOURISHED IF THEY CONSUME TOO MANY CALORIES (OVERNUTRITION).”
Lack of nutrients
Why it is important to address
Hunger and malnutrition kill more people every year than
AIDS, Malaria, and Tuberculosis combined.
Every 5 seconds, a child dies of hunger.
More than 15,000 children under age 5 perish daily from
Al ost a ua te of the o ld’s hu ge icti s li e i Af ica.
Malnutrition accelerates AIDS.
Malnutrition is implicated in more than half of all child deaths
worldwide – a proportion unmatched by any infectious disease
since the Black Death.
Situation of Malnutrition in India Severity Prevalence
India may loose $46 billion due to malnutrition by
2 billion people suffer from iron deficiency.
Malnutrition is a contributing factor in over 50% of
deaths i child e u de fi e.”
Globally nearly 20 million children suffer from severe
Severe acute malnutrition contributes to 1 million
child deaths every year.
India is far from being a homogeneous country in
terms of malnutrition.
Causes of Malnutrition
Illiteracy , specially in women
Poor access to health services
Lack of availability of safe drinking
Poor breastfeeding practices.
Poor sanitation and environmental
Teenage pregnancies resulting in
low birth weight of newborns.
Ignorance about nutritional needs of
Types of malnutrition Weight loss
The evil cycle of
% children below 5 years
What leads to Malnutrition in
How Malnutrition can be prevented?
Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended to 6 months of age and
complementary after 6 months.
Provide quality care for children with severe under-nutrition.
Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative.
Properly Fed: Active feeding method and proper frequency acc. to age.
Safe: Should be hygienically prepared, stored and fed.
Control micronutrient deficiencies and anemia in adolescent girls
Adequate and proper diet (food) Calories, Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats,
Minerals and Vitamins.
Malnutrition has a direct link with child survival and
Good nourishment is the right of every child, and the
state must ensure proper nutrition for all children.
To realize the potential of demographic dividend, India
must ensure that its children grow healthily.
Economic growth of 9% can not guarantee good health
to the citizens if the state do not take pains to
redistribute wealth properly to make India a safer
place for its children to grow with dignity.
• The Times of India