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  1. 1. Protecting the Vulnerable: Providing social welfare to informal sector workers Team Information: Amer, Faraaz, Suhael, Vasanth, Kshiti
  2. 2. Informal Sector • Statistics: • 836 million or 77 per cent of the population living below Rs.20 per capita per day • 88 per cent of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, 80 per cent of the OBC population and 84 per cent of the Muslims belong to this ‘poor and vulnerable’ group • Informal sector workers 72 per cent (out of which 63 per cent are self employed, regular wage workers (17 per cent) and casual wage workers (20 per cent) • Informal sector also referred to as the unorganized sector in the country. • "The unorganized sector consists of all unincorporated private enterprises owned by individuals or households engaged in the sale and production of goods and services operated on a proprietary or partnership basis and with less than 10 total workers.“ • An individual or an enterprise which stays away from the ‘Tax ambit’ is called as an Informal worker. Some of the few Informal Sectors are: Waste Pickers, Street Vendors, Domestic Workers , Forest Workers,
  3. 3. 93% of India’s workforce is in informal sector, which is around 453 million Unorganised sector generates: 62% of G.D.P 50% of Gross Net Savings 40% of National Exports Segregation of Unorganised Informal Sector: All private enterprises On priority basis that employ less than 10 employees
  4. 4. Problem Statement • Improper implementation of Bills & Schemes. • Causes: o Scope of reach o Ignorance o Corruption o Time Consumption(Postponement) o Poverty o Informal Communication(Communication Gap) • Reason for selecting “Improper implementation of Bills & Schemes” o The people in the informal sector are unaware of the Bills and Schemes that have been passed by the government which hold a number of social benefits due to various political and social issues and hence have to be aware of the various benefits of the bills in order to utilize them to their utmost potential.
  5. 5. The Unorganised Workers Security Bill,2008 • The parliament introduced “The Un- Organised Worker’s Social Security Act in 2008. • The Benefits were as follows: o Worker’s Life and disability cover o Worker’s Health and maternity benefits o Worker’s Old age protection o Worker’s Housing and children education o Provident Fund o Employment Injury Benefits o Skill upgradation of workers o Funeral Assistance o Old age homes Various Bills passed by the Government of India for the welfare of Informal Sector • Domestic Workers (Registration, Social Security and Welfare) Bill, 2008 • Domestic Workers (Regulation of Employment, Conditions of Work, Social Security and Welfare) Bill, 2008 • The Fishermen (Protection and Welfare) Bill, 2000 • Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognitions of Forest Rights ) Rules, 2007 • Street Vendors (Protection and Promotion of Livelihood) Bill, 2007 • Draft Bill on Street vendors, 2009 • The Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001 • Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000 • The Domestic Workers Employment Rights Protection Bill, 2004 (SEWA- Kerala Bill)
  6. 6. Proposed Solution Urban Sector Rural Sector • Use of Mass Media like Radio, Internet services, Television, Mobile Applications, Newspapers, Magazines, Bill Boards etc. • The informal sector must be made aware of the schemes in order to make utmost use of their rights. • The people in the Informal sector must be Educated about the various bills and schemes passed by the government. The solution can be based in India being divided into two sector viz Urban and Rural Sectors.
  7. 7. Implementation • The use of Mass Media like Radio, Internet services, Television, Mobile Applications, Newspapers, Magazines, Bill Boards etc. • Setting up of Research and Development teams • Setting up of Grievance cells • Setting up of Informal Sector counselling Board. • As the Urban Sector is a fully developed sector, it does not require much of human resource and funds for the development of the informal sector. • The Rural area requires a large amount of Human resource and funds for the development of the informal sector. Proposed Source of Funding • Make three categories among informal sectors to bring in tax slabs which various from occupation to occupation, namely- High income, medium income and low income. • Let the tax rates be as low as possible. Regular monitoring of this sector will bring in more than 5% of monetary funds for the government which can be utilized for implementation.
  8. 8. Impact • Large number of people from the informal sector are becoming aware and being informed about the Bills passed and the benefits which they are entitled to. • Identification of the number of people in the informal sector is made through the various registrations in the schemes passed by the Government of India.
  9. 9. Challenges and Mitigation Factors • The main challenges are: o Corruption: Due to Corruption the Informal Sector are unable to make best use of their schemes. o Population: Due to the population explosion, the number of people in the Informal Sector are unidentified. o Improper manner of Passing the Bills/ Schemes o Working Conditions in Rural Sector is tough as they do not have the basic amenities. o Mitigation Factors would include: o Corruption is a vast and never ending epidemic in the world but can be brought down by constituting special wards to take of care of the various bills and schemes. o The Parliament must pass the bill in gentle and orderly manner which would ensure smooth implementation
  10. 10. Appendix • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Labour_in_India#Unorg anised_labour_issues • http://workerscentre.wordpress.com/2013/07/16/inf ormal-sector-map-of-india/ • http://wiego.org/informal_economy_law/informal- economy-india • http://pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx?relid=41639