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  1. 1. Fairness at Play: Introducing electoral reforms to reduce the influence of money and muscle power in politics.
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION India is the largest democracy in the world. It has the largest number of people with franchise rights and the highest number of political parties, which take part in election campaign. In India, the current political situation is unbalanced & lacking transparency in actions. The major reasons why India is deprived of political respect is because the nonchalant attitude of voters, politician's behavioural attributes & low qualification. Voyage of Change
  3. 3. PROBLEM STATEMENT In order to see India on the list of developed countries, it is very important that we bring about change from the very elemental level of implementing progressive changes to the current political and electoral hierarchy which decides the future of the country. Candidates participating in politics are unprepared to pierce through the political challenges they will be facing. The real power lies in the hands of the people, who elect their leaders to rule the country. Elections are a very important part of framing a responsible and stable government and minors errors in elections magnify to major flaws in efficient governance. We chose this topic with a hope to eradicate the social stigma of "I HATE MY COUNTRY'S POLITICS" from the minds of Indian citizens. We propose to bring awareness among citizens about their participation in choosing an admirable and dependable leader and also create awareness on their role in mending the loop holes in the current electoral system.
  4. 4. EXISTINGSYSTEM 1.Candidates submit their nomination 2-3 weeks before election. 2.The need for minimum qualification is not emphasised in the current system. IMPACT 1.More time to scrutinize profiles. 2.All the scrutinized profiles can be made available to the citizens on a active website. 3.Contributes to the decision making power of the voters to choose their leaders. 4.A well qualified leader is intellectually more sound and can take wise decisions. IMPLIMENTATION 1.Proposed solution requires minimal additional infrastructures. 2.10 officers per state required to scrutinize the profiles. 3.The process is entirely funded by the state. 4.Private institutions can also be encouraged to scrutinize candidates, which would enhance transparency. PROPOSED SOLUTION 1.Nomination Process •Candidates who intend to contest in elections should mandatorily register their affidavit/file their nominations 6 months prior to the elections. • Candidates (at least first timers) contesting for elections should have graduation as their minimum qualification.
  5. 5. PROPOSED SOLUTION2.Mixed-Member Proportional Representation The proposed system consists of reforms in the 2 major spheres of electoral system i.e. voting and counting • Primarily, the number of seats in the existing council is doubled and political parties file an ordered list of pre- nominated candidates prior to elections. • Voting- The voter castes 2 votes, one for a candidate and another for a party. • Counting- i. In the first stage, the candidate with the most vote secures the seat in the council. ii. In the second stage, votes for a party is considered and the council is accordingly balanced with a set of pre-nominated members from the party to ensure proportional representation. EXISTINGSYSTEM 1.It is the system of plurality-in which the concept of “First pass the post” is existent. 2.The ruling party/leader in the council is one with the most number of votes. IMPACT 1.The democratic institution is strengthened due to the proportional representation of the citizen. 2.It reflects the voice of the majority, which is a prerequisite for democracy. 3.Allows political diversity and prevents minority rule. 4.Political Citation:- Republic of South Africa IMPLEMENTATION 1.Political and Public Awareness about the proposed reform. 2.The existing EVM’s need to be modified to incorporate dual stage voting process. 3. Infrastructural changes to accommodate larger council.
  6. 6. PROPOSED SOLUTION EXISTINGSYSTEM 1. Age-old methods such as door-to-door campaign , unethical campaigning still widely practised. 2.Large scale political rallies held at will, leading to political commotion. IMPACT 1. Prevents false propaganda since most debates happen live. 2.Ideology of politicians made public . 3. Awareness about candidate/party/leaders since most voters today, refrain from participating in political campaigns. IMPLIMENTATION 1.Proposed solution requires minimal additional infrastructures. 2.Media houses could be encouraged to concentrate more on LIVE Debates rather than on Opinion Polls . 3. 10 previously appointed EC members would be responsible for profiling/PDI. 3.Campagining and Public Awareness •The new dimension in campaigning would be a series of live open debate on issues of national/regional interest between chief candidates of every party. •Dedicated system of profiling/Politicians Development Index (PDI), which takes into consideration candidates agendas, previous achievements, ability to deliver promises etc.
  7. 7. PROPOSED SOLUTION EXISTINGSYSTEM 1. By-polls are held as soon as the representative from the constituency resigns. 2. The reason for the resignation is not scrutinised for legitimacy. 3. Voters are not held responsible for the by- polls. IMPACT 1. In the absence of a area representative, the development works in the area stagnate. 2. Voters become more responsible/conscious, and willingly elect the good candidate who could complete his 5 year term in office. 3. It would indirectly enhance voter turnout. IMPLEMENTATION 1. Constitutional amendments, under strong political will is a must in order to bring about this reform. 4. By-polls Reforms •In view of increasing voters responsibility, the concept of by-polls should be completely removed from the system. •In the proposed system, by-polls can be conducted only if the candidate leaves the office due to ill-health or demise.
  8. 8. PROPOSED SOLUTION EXSISTINGSYSTEM 1. The concept of “Local Ward Representatives “ is absent in the current electoral system. 2. In certain states where the proposed reform is present, the body is toothless and composed of arbitrary candidates who are nominated in the absence of election. IMPACT 1. Creates a healthy system of check and balance within the area. 2. The local ward representatives keep track of the developmental work by MLA/MP in area. 3.The interests of a smaller group of people is represented. 4.Platform for aspiring candidates , who wish to take up larger political role in the future. IMPLEMENTATION 1. Minimal Infrastructure would be required to house the body of local representatives. 2.Constitutional amendments, along with a definitive structure needs to be established to for the functioning of the Local Ward Committee ,under strong political will. 5.Electing Local Ward Representatives • An Area Ward, typically consisting of 25,000 to 1,00,000 people is sub-divided into regions consisting of 5000 voters. •For every 5000 voters, a local ward representative is chosen. •Election for local ward representative is conducted in parallel with state election.
  9. 9. CHALLENGES FACED • Lack of political will. • Adaption to immediate changes in the political system may take some time. • Lack of awareness amongst voters due to which implementing proportional voting is challenging. • Absence of an authoritative and dedicated election commission , resulting in ineffective decision making. • First step is to elect a parliament consisting of determined politicians. • Increase public participation in electoral awareness by educating the masses through various mass media. • Strengthen the election commission by making it a self-contained, autonomous body consisting of neutral, dynamic and efficient officers. • Initiate minimal financial support from the government for a better electoral system. MITIGATION FACTORS
  10. 10. CONCLUSION We perceive a ideal democratic contented state to be- • People should be able to hold those in power accountable. • Politics should offer people real alternatives. • Our institutions should reflect the people they serve. • Everyone should be able to shape the decisions that affect their life. • Every vote and voice has a value and should be heard. “You” have the power to decide your countries destiny and “only you” as a good citizen will drive your countries future towards glory.
  11. 11. Team Eternity • Sanjna Srivatsa • Mahidar C • Aniruddha K • Arundathi Belur • Shashank S