Fairness at Play: Introducing electoral
reforms to reduce the influence of money
and muscle power in politics.
India is the largest democracy in the world. It has the largest number of people with franchise
rights and the highest number of political parties, which take part in election campaign. In India,
the current political situation is unbalanced & lacking transparency in actions. The major reasons
why India is deprived of political respect is because the nonchalant attitude of voters, politician's
behavioural attributes & low qualification.
Voyage of Change
In order to see India on the list of developed countries, it is very important that we bring about
change from the very elemental level of implementing progressive changes to the current political
and electoral hierarchy which decides the future of the country. Candidates participating in politics
are unprepared to pierce through the political challenges they will be facing.
The real power lies in the hands of the people, who elect their leaders to rule the country. Elections
are a very important part of framing a responsible and stable government and minors errors in
elections magnify to major flaws in efficient governance.
We chose this topic with a hope to eradicate the social stigma of "I HATE MY COUNTRY'S POLITICS"
from the minds of Indian citizens.
We propose to bring awareness among citizens about their participation in choosing an admirable
and dependable leader and also create awareness on their role in mending the loop holes in the
current electoral system.
1.Candidates submit their
nomination 2-3 weeks before
2.The need for minimum
qualification is not
emphasised in the current
1.More time to scrutinize
2.All the scrutinized profiles
can be made available to the
citizens on a active website.
3.Contributes to the decision
making power of the voters
to choose their leaders.
4.A well qualified leader is
intellectually more sound
and can take wise decisions.
1.Proposed solution requires
2.10 officers per state
required to scrutinize the
3.The process is entirely
funded by the state.
4.Private institutions can also
be encouraged to scrutinize
candidates, which would
•Candidates who intend to contest in elections should mandatorily register their affidavit/file their nominations 6 months
prior to the elections.
• Candidates (at least first timers) contesting for elections should have graduation as their minimum qualification.
PROPOSED SOLUTION2.Mixed-Member Proportional Representation
The proposed system consists of reforms in the 2 major spheres of electoral system i.e. voting and counting
• Primarily, the number of seats in the existing council is doubled and political parties file an ordered list of pre-
nominated candidates prior to elections.
• Voting- The voter castes 2 votes, one for a candidate and another for a party.
i. In the first stage, the candidate with the most vote secures the seat in the council.
ii. In the second stage, votes for a party is considered and the council is accordingly balanced with a set of
pre-nominated members from the party to ensure proportional representation.
1.It is the system of
plurality-in which the
concept of “First pass the
post” is existent.
2.The ruling party/leader in
the council is one with the
most number of votes.
IMPACT 1.The democratic institution
is strengthened due to the
of the citizen.
2.It reflects the voice of the
majority, which is a
prerequisite for democracy.
3.Allows political diversity
and prevents minority rule.
Republic of South Africa
1.Political and Public
Awareness about the
2.The existing EVM’s need to
be modified to incorporate
dual stage voting process.
3. Infrastructural changes to
1. Age-old methods such as
door-to-door campaign ,
unethical campaigning still
2.Large scale political rallies
held at will, leading to
1. Prevents false
propaganda since most
debates happen live.
2.Ideology of politicians
made public .
3. Awareness about
since most voters today,
refrain from participating in
1.Proposed solution requires
2.Media houses could be
encouraged to concentrate
more on LIVE Debates rather
than on Opinion Polls .
3. 10 previously appointed
EC members would be
responsible for profiling/PDI.
3.Campagining and Public Awareness
•The new dimension in campaigning would be a series of live open debate on issues of national/regional interest
between chief candidates of every party.
•Dedicated system of profiling/Politicians Development Index (PDI), which takes into consideration candidates
agendas, previous achievements, ability to deliver promises etc.
1. By-polls are held as soon
as the representative from
the constituency resigns.
2. The reason for the
resignation is not
scrutinised for legitimacy.
3. Voters are not held
responsible for the by-
1. In the absence of a area
development works in the
2. Voters become more
willingly elect the good
candidate who could
complete his 5 year term in
3. It would indirectly
enhance voter turnout.
amendments, under strong
political will is a must in
order to bring about this
4. By-polls Reforms
•In view of increasing voters responsibility, the concept of by-polls should be completely removed from the system.
•In the proposed system, by-polls can be conducted only if the candidate leaves the office due to ill-health or demise.
1. The concept of “Local
Ward Representatives “ is
absent in the current
2. In certain states where
the proposed reform is
present, the body is
toothless and composed of
arbitrary candidates who
are nominated in the
absence of election.
IMPACT 1. Creates a healthy system
of check and balance within
2. The local ward
representatives keep track of
the developmental work by
MLA/MP in area.
3.The interests of a smaller
group of people is
4.Platform for aspiring
candidates , who wish to
take up larger political role in
1. Minimal Infrastructure
would be required to
house the body of local
amendments, along with a
definitive structure needs
to be established to for the
functioning of the Local
Ward Committee ,under
strong political will.
5.Electing Local Ward Representatives
• An Area Ward, typically consisting of 25,000 to 1,00,000 people is sub-divided into regions consisting of 5000 voters.
•For every 5000 voters, a local ward representative is chosen.
•Election for local ward representative is conducted in parallel with state election.
• Lack of political will.
• Adaption to immediate changes in the political system may take some time.
• Lack of awareness amongst voters due to which implementing proportional voting is
• Absence of an authoritative and dedicated election commission , resulting in ineffective
• First step is to elect a parliament consisting of determined politicians.
• Increase public participation in electoral awareness by educating the masses through various
• Strengthen the election commission by making it a self-contained, autonomous body consisting
of neutral, dynamic and efficient officers.
• Initiate minimal financial support from the government for a better electoral system.
We perceive a ideal democratic contented state to be-
• People should be able to hold those in power accountable.
• Politics should offer people real alternatives.
• Our institutions should reflect the people they serve.
• Everyone should be able to shape the decisions that affect their life.
• Every vote and voice has a value and should be heard.
“You” have the power to decide your countries destiny and
“only you” as a good citizen will drive your countries future
• Sanjna Srivatsa
• Mahidar C
• Aniruddha K
• Arundathi Belur
• Shashank S