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  1. 1. Creative cities of future Possibilities for Action
  2. 2. Our Cities, Our Homes • Cities are a hub of activity, transition and living. • For the first time in history, the majority people of the world are living in the cities; • cities are now home to more than half of the world’s population and by the year 2020 it is estimated to reach 80% of the total population; • Today cities account for more than 80% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions and the cost of adaptation to climate change estimated around 80-100 billion per year
  3. 3. Are our cities too crowded?
  4. 4. Better cities,….option 2
  5. 5. Design=creativity=development
  6. 6. Costs of infrastructure renewals • (OECD) estimates $71 trillion, or about 3.5 percent of the global GDP, is needed through 2030 to improve the basic infrastructure of the cities including road, rail, telecoms, electricity and water infrastructure;
  7. 7. Challenges,.. • Cities are incubators and transmitters of ideas and engine of economic growth. • MAJOR CHALLENGE FOR cities is their need for cultural recognition that affirms their identity in a globalized world. • Every city is unique and needs to assert itself on the global stage and, has to compete to attract global investment and skilled professionals. • The future of any city must adequately serve the needs of its communities and must be rooted in its own individual identity and its own model of urban environment shaped by its heritage.
  8. 8. How to save our cities? • emphasize the environment, since a rise in CO2 emissions can cause an increase in temperature, entailing CLIMATE CHANGE, SEA LEVEL RISE, STORMS AND CYCLONS, MASSIVE LOSSES IN VEGETATION AND extinction of SPECIES. • infrastructure renewal by transforming urban centers into efficient, sustainable cities using integrated water system, green economy, reuse and smart grid infrastructure and fast urban transportation systems
  9. 9. Challenge,… • better quality of life by concentrating on innovations and better designs. Focus on rebuilding new structures, tools and buildings. The vivid example of this are some European and Chinese cities who seek, A balance between human beings, nature and development.
  10. 10. What is creative city? • Notion of Creative city applies to an urban complex where cultural activities are an integral components of the city economic and social functioning. • Every city is unique and needs to assert itself on the global stage. There is no one-size-fits-all approach. The future of any city must adequately serve the needs of its communities and must be rooted in its own individual identity and its own model of urban environment, shaped by its heritage.
  11. 11. Culture and the city • Culture is the core of a city. A city without culture is a city without soul. • The cultural heritage of a city is embodied in its monuments, landscape, festivals, and customs, the shape of its streets or houses • Cultural diversity is an important factor in promoting economic, social and cultural development
  12. 12. • Cities should not stay just a spot on the map In a globalized world, they should become a crossroad where the local interacts with the global communities.
  13. 13. Objectives of CNN • Cultural development • Social development • Economic development • provides for sharing best practices on economic, cultural and social development with other cities
  14. 14. Uneven Geographics • 14 cities from Europe, all from Western Europe • 1 current application (Krakow) from Eastern Europe. • 4 countries only – China, Japan, South Korea and Australia from Asia and Pacific region • The African continent is represented by only one namely, Egyptian city
  15. 15. Creative economies • Creative economies cannot function without key infrastructures as comprehensive enabling environment. Urban centres have to provide and maintain infrastructures not only as material and economic foundations for development, but also provide the soft infrastructure namely the services relating to the social, educational, cultural and intellectual fabric of a city.
  16. 16. Education as the key • Education is one of the key areas, both at the national and the municipal levels, • a knowledge-intensive economy is simply impossible without massive investments in quality education. • Education is a basic need for the producers as well as the consumers of cultural products and services.
  17. 17. Barcelona smart city development Leading role of City Hall • Cibernarium • Citilab Cornella • Municipal Police • New incidentstools • Intelenvironments • 22@net • Barc activa • Tech park • Urban Lab • Strategicplan • Kiosks • Internal gov • Open data • 3D projects SMART GOVERNA NCE SMART ECONOMY SMART PEOPLE SMART LIVING Smart city model: Three pillars Ubiquitous infrastructures Information from sensors, open data, and citizens Human capital, actors, communities Smart city Strategy Smart Districts: 22@Barcelona; triple helix collaborations Living Lab initiatives: 22@Urban Lab, Live, Bdigital, i2Cat, Fablab, Cornella Infrastructure building: traditional and new. Integration of ICT. From fibre optic to Wi-Fi. New services to citizens: gov, quality of life, professional Open data: sensors, open standard, and city platform SC Management Creation of networks of actors, organisations, departments Broadband network and sensor data management Creation of proof of concepts for systems and applications Challenges Demand for human capital and skills VC funding for innovation Low global connectivity Development of triple helix alliances Collaboration between government departments
  18. 18. Thessaloniki smart city development ICT transforming city activities and ecosystems Broadband networks by large companies ADSL: 24/1 Mb Fibre optic net: 2,5 Gb 3G-HSDPA: 42 Mb Wireless: free (municipal nets) Apps and e-services: Bottom-up initiatives City representation City sectors City districts Citizens. Aggregation / collective content City administration and social services Location-based services City infrastructure and utilities City management Planning for Smart district Development of wired and wireless networks Free Internet to users and business. Smart environments based on sensors e-services suitable for the community of each district Training services for involvement of end-users Governance challenges: Three gaps to address (1) Digital skills gap - TRAINING (2) Creativity gap – LIVING LABS (3) Entrepreneurship gap – BUSINESS MODELS
  19. 19. Manchester smart city development Digital strategies and smart environments for urban renewal Urban regeneration Since mid-1980s the City Council embarked on city regeneration  Drive economic change through technology  Focus on neighborhood focused action, creative city, and innovation In 1990s Manchester telematics Partnership Currently, e-services to address inequalities and digital democracy Balance of top-down and bottom-up actions Digital Strategy Started in 2008 and review in 2011 with respect to EU Digital Agenda and consulting with local stakeholders. Main objectives: Digital inclusion, generate skills and tackle the divides Digital industries, new employment, cluster of digital and creative businesses Digital innovation: working with the future Internet research community to support Manchester as Smart City Toward Smart City Flagship initiatives East Manchester: a regeneration challenge Eastserve: first Living Lab Corridor Living lab NGA project Next generation open access fibre optic network Principles for Smart Cities Neighbourhood regeneration as starting point for a smart city Digital collaborations through Living Labs Putting people at the heart of the agenda An inclusive and sustainable approach to digital development Exemplar projects
  20. 20. Helsinki smart city development Living Labs and new clusters for smart city strategy A Porterian cluster in mobile technology is emerging in Helsinki. Clustering strengthens motivation, incentives, innovation, and enables externalities . The mobile applications cluster is sustaining Helsinki ‘s Smart City strategy Factor conditions: Broadband, telecoms, NOKIA, skilled workforce, start-ups Demand conditions: Government demand, banking , transportation, etc Firm strategy: Companies within SMOPEC, global markets, intense local competition Supporting industries: Broadband infrastructure, 3G nets, specialized service providers Competitions for Open Data apps as strategy for cluster development The Helsinki Regions made available public transportation data Apps4Finland makes data available related to environment and spatial information Competitions and Living Labs as drivers for the M-cluster development
  21. 21. Smart city strategies implementation prospects and bottlenecks: SWOT Strengths Opportunities • Cultural heritage, attractiveness • Development strategies, planning • Broadband network deployment • Major development initiatives • Competitiveness of local clusters • Exploiting service innovation opportunities towards new business • Opportunities for local ICT sectors and entrepreneurship • Introducing participatory city planning Weaknesses Threats • Top down orientation to planning • Lacking attention to concrete needs of citizens and SMEs • Digital gaps • Lacking orientation on entrepreneurship • Weak policy and funding instruments • Impact and benefits measurement • Economic crisis, lack of resources • Vulnerable business models for sustainability of public sector initiatives • Low level of private investment in R&D and innovation • Weak institutional environments for technology and innovation
  22. 22. Smart Cities cases - lessons learned  Smart city is more an urban strategy than an urban reality. Smart cities will appear through numerous bottom-up initiatives besides some strategic planning, and infrastructure development.  Top-down planning and bottom-up initiatives should complement each other. City hall is sometimes dominant. Dilemmas of citizen engagement.  Widespread use of pilots is preparing cities for initiative, experiment and learning  Districts, neighborhoods, and clusters are fundamental elements of smart city strategy, because the city is a system of systems, and cities co-exist within cities.  A smart city strategy involves all actors, organizations, communities, R&D, NGOs, clusters, and authorities. The partnership strategy should achieve a common vision, flagship projects, collaboration and synergy.  Major challenges for successful smart city strategies deal with skills, creativities, user-driven innovation, entrepreneurship, VC funding, and management of intra-government rivalries.  Lack of evidence on impact and effectiveness of smart city strategies.
  23. 23. Examples of evolving smart city “innovation ecosystems”  Bretagne: ImaginLab testbed explores advanced applications in living lab setting, offering wide range of services, enabled by advanced infrastructure, based on partnership business model  Oulu: Octopus network, Innovation Kitchen, Open Web Lab, LearnLab, Ubiquitous Oulu and many more  Barcelona: a diverse set of network infrastructures, facilities, initiatives (22@UrbanLab), living labs, projects, planning activities, partnerships  Manchester: advanced infrastructure of open access fibre to premises; support creation of ; co-ownership approaches ImaginLab Manchester
  24. 24. Thank You By ABHINAV AGARWAL 9582498839