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  1. 1. Walk To Equality: Ensuring Safety And Empowerment of Women By Rashmi Ranjan Panda & Group Eastern Academy Of Science & Technology Bhubaneswar, Odisha Dt-05/09/2013
  2. 2. What is Women empowerment??? Women in India consistently lag behind the men in terms of access to education, health care, jobs etc. Apart from the economic and social inequality, women in India are victims of heinous crimes such as, dowry deaths, rape, molestation and immoral trafficking. Thus the upliftment of women in social as well as economic level is termed as “Women Empowerment”. Dt-05/09/2013
  3. 3.  In India, women are facing different obstacles in male-dominated cultures. The things are related to women’s status and their future.  Indian women are slowly getting empowerment in the sectors like education, politics, industries, the work force and even more power within their own households.  The worth of civilization can be arbitrated by the place given to women in the society.  More, we have come across a more image of gender differences Need for Women’s Empowerment in India… Dt-05/09/2013
  4. 4.  In spite of India’s reputation for respecting women, including treating her as a Goddess, history tells us that women were also ill-treated.  There was no equality between men and women.  Now the women society has lost its right to speak, right to make decision and right to explore the innovation.  They are forced to loss their respect and independence in this male dominated society. Status of Women in India… Dt-05/09/2013
  5. 5.  Crimes against women occur every minute; every day and throughout the year, though several such crimes go unreported.  According to National Crimes Records Bureau, Government of India, there were over 32,000 murders, 19,000 rapes, 7,500 dowry deaths and 36,500 molestation cases are the violent crimes against women during 2012 [1].  Madhya Pradesh is worst off among the states, the national capital New Delhi continues to remain the most unsafe city in India [2]. Crimes Against Women… Dt-05/09/2013
  6. 6. Gender Equality…  Equal access to participation and decision making of women in social, political and economic life of the nation is termed as “Gender equality”.  The goal gender equality is to bring about the advancement, development and empowerment of women.  This is widely disseminated so as to encourage active participation of all stakeholders for achieving its goals.  The underlying causes of gender inequality are related to social and economic structure, which is based on informal and formal norms and practices. Dt-05/09/2013
  7. 7. Some steps have been taken to achieve our goal i.e. gender equality and women empowerment by (i)Creating an environment through positive economic and social policies for full development of women to enable them to realize their full potential. (ii) Giving opportunity to enjoy all human rights and fundamental freedom by women on equal basis with men in all spheres – political, economic, social, cultural and civil. (iii)Equal accessing to women to health care, quality education at all levels, career and vocational guidance, employment, equal remuneration, occupational health and safety, social security and public office etc. (iv) Strengthening legal systems aimed at elimination of all forms of discrimination against women. Some steps taken… Dt-05/09/2013
  8. 8. Contd… (v) Strengthening legal systems aimed at elimination of all forms of discrimination against women. (vi) Changing societal attitudes and community practices by active participation and involvement of both men and women. (vii) Mainstreaming a gender perspective in the development process. (viii) Elimination of discrimination and all forms of violence against women and the girl child. (ix) Building and strengthening partnerships with civil society, particularly women’s organizations. Dt-05/09/2013
  9. 9. Some impacts of the steps taken by the Government…  Improves in personal knowledge  Self– defining power  Personal power authenticity  Creativity  Physical strength equality  Mutuality in relationships  Economic independence  Freedom  Political power in society Dt-05/09/2013
  10. 10. Individuals change: Poor women become actors for change, able to analyse their own lives, make their own decisions and take their own actions. Women and men gain ability to act by building awareness, skill, knowledge, confidence and experience. Structures change: Women and men, individually and collectively challenge the routines, laws conventions, family forms, kinship structures and taken-for- granted behaviours that shape their lives – the accepted forms of power and how these are perpetuated Relations change: Women and men form new relations with other social actors, form coalitions and develop mutual support in order to negotiate, be agents of change, alter structures and so realize rights, dignity and livelihood security. Steps to be taken for the safety and empowerment of women… Dt-05/09/2013
  11. 11. References… 1. The Hindu- Opinion Sept, 15 2012. 2. National Policy For The Empowerment of Women (2001). 3. National Crime Records Bureau, http://ncrb.nic.in/CD-CII2011/cii- 2011/Table%203.1.pdf 4. Janaki, N. (1996). Women and Law in Colonial India: A Social History, Delhi, Kali for Women (published in collaboration with the National Law School of India University, Bangalore) 5. Mahajan, V.D. (2010). Modern Indian History, S. Chand Publication, Delhi 6. Pandey, J.N. Constitution of India (pdfebooks) 7. Women’s Development in India: Problems and Prospects, Delhi (2007), Mittal Publishers. Dt-05/09/2013