PROTECTING THE VULNERABLE:
PROVIDING SOCIAL WELLFARE TO INFORMAL SECTOR
4.ANKUSH SINGH BHATI
•The latest report of the NSSO uploaded by the close
of May 2011 about the casual workers in India between
2004-05 and 2009-10 compared to that of the period
between 1999 – 2000 and 2004-05 very clearly shows
that there is significant increase in the number of
casual workers and decline in the number of regular
•More than 90% of the total workforce has been
engaged in the informal economy.
•. Among the unorganized sector workers, a
considerable proportion (about 65%) is engaged in
agricultural sector, which in turn indicates the
prominence of rural segment in the informal
Overview of plan
1. All the work done by informal 1. The Central union undertakes 1. Scrutiny and accountability
labour is centralised & organised. further subdivisions. Of the labour.
2. A central labour union is formed. 2. All the informal workers in an area 2. All the monetary transaction
are registered in respective division. with the labour is regulated by
3. Central union’s work is divided 3. The union’s division work as a 3. Job security and availability
into subdivisions. bridge between job seeker and of work throughout the year.
Eg. Masons division
Agriculture labour division. 4. There’s no direct transaction of 4. Higher Country GDP.
money between job seeker and
5. Union works for welfare, security 5. No child labour.
and betterment of labour.
Centralization of the
labour at different
Advantages of plan
over current trend
STRUCTURE of system
Function of central union
Central union head .
divisions of labour.
Functions of sub-divisions
1. Acts as a bridge between job
seeker and labour.
2. Undertakes all the monetary
transaction between them.
3. Is responsible for security and
welfare of labour.
Examples of sub-divisions may be mason division,
agricultural labour division etc.
For example all the masons in a district are
registered under mason division.
Advantages of the plan
All the transactions
involving money is
Monitoring of lives and
welfare of labour.
All time work
Ease of the job seeker
All government public
distribution plans will be
regularised by divisions.
Limited working hours
and all labour laws will
highly proclaimed National Rural Employment
Guarantee Act -2005 (NREGA), though it is a
breakthrough, doesn’t have common wage in different
states and limits itself only to hundred day’s work for
those registered worker under the Act. What about the
rest of the days in an year? As per this Act, the work
guarantee applies in rural areas only, what about the
Even the provisions and procedure of the Minimum
Wages Act (1948) is so vague and futile that different
states of India have fixed abysmally meagre wages and
that too with so much of variations from state to state.
• All the workers with their respective identities
must register themselves at their corresponding
block or subdivision
•The registration procedure would require aadhar
card as their basic recognisation identities.
•There would be an age restriction (above 16 years).
•Registered workers must attend in skill
•All the necessary details regarding their family
members must be submited.
DEMERITS OF OUR PLAN
THERE MAY BE CORRUPTION AT VARIOUS LEVELS.
OVER EXPLOITATION WOULD BE A SERIOUS
CONCERN e.g..a labour working for 10 hours per day might
work for 15 hours for extra wage and this will be an
MALPRACTICES REGARDING THE RECRUITMENT CAN
IMPOSE SERIOUS IRREGULARITIES IN FUNCTIONING
OF THE BODY
e.g.. They can recruit labours below 16 year that is illegal as
per norms stated and they will pay them according their own