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  • 1. PRESENTATION ON REDUCING MALNUTRITION PRESENTATIONPRESENTATION ONON REDUCINGREDUCING MALNUTRITIONMALNUTRITION D.A.V COLLEGE FOR GIRLS,D.A.V COLLEGE FOR GIRLS, YAMUNANAGAR(HARYANA)YAMUNANAGAR(HARYANA) TEAM LEADERTEAM LEADER--URVASHIURVASHI GOELGOEL OTHER COMPANIONSOTHER COMPANIONS-- MONIA BALHARAMONIA BALHARA AKANSHA SHARMAAKANSHA SHARMA AKANSHA AGARWALAKANSHA AGARWAL RADHIKA WALIARADHIKA WALIA B.A II(ECO. HONS.)B.A II(ECO. HONS.)
  • 2. INTRODUCTION HEALTH & NUTRITION are central to well-being for expanding human capabilities that lie at the heart of the meaning of development .They are also vital component for growth and development of a country. MALNUTRITION is a state that develops due to lack of the right amount of the minerals, vitamins, and other nutrients that the body needs to sustain healthy tissues and functions of the organs. It occurs in individuals who are either over-nourished or under-nourished.
  • 3. OBJECTIVE TO REDUCE MALNUTRITION FROM INDIA BY PROVIDING : o BETTER HEALTH FACILITIES o PROPER EDUCATION o IMPLEMENTING EFFECTIVE POLICIES.
  • 4. CAUSESCAUSES Low Agriculture Productivity Poor Health Facilities Poor Feeding Practices Shortage Of Food Large Population Size Poverty Low Inco me Malnutrition
  • 5. EFFECTSEFFECTS Social & economic development Health of Expectant Women Death rate Disease Health Productivity Outcomes Education Nutrition Birth rate Malnutrition
  • 6. NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PRENUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PRE-- SCHOOL CHILDREN AND ADULTSSCHOOL CHILDREN AND ADULTS 36341710% UNDER NUTRITION 20% 30% OVER NUTRITION40% 52578150% 60% 70% WOMENMENPRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN 80% NORMAL90% 1392100%
  • 7. SCHEMES AND POLICIES UNICEF – UNICEF’s program contributes to reducing hunger and malnutrition rates, especially among the three most vulnerable group of children (0-35 months). UNICEF supports the government in its objective to reduce and prevent malnutrition, to improve the development of children under 3yr old specially those in marginalized of groups. UNICEF supports iron supplementation for adolescent girls and Vitamin A supplementation for children. PDS – PDS is a major state intervention to insure food security to people specially the poor. It had attained success in several states in addressing he needs of poor household.
  • 8. MID DAY MEAL SCHEME MDMS was launched in 1995 to enhance enrolment, retention and participation of children in primary schools, simultaneously improving their nutritional status. It is the world’s largest school feeding program. It provides food grains, cooking cost, transport, subsidy and other facilities. The MDM Scheme was revised and universalized in September 2004 and was further revised in June 2006 to enhance the minimum cost to Rs. 2 per child/per school day to provide 450 calories and 12 grams of protein .The revised scheme also provided assistance for construction of Kitchen-cum-stores @ Rs. 60,000 per unit in a phased manner in primary schools. The number of children covered under the program has risen from 3.34 lakh schools in 1995 to 12 crore in 9.5 lakhs primary schools/EGS centers in 2006-07.
  • 9. REMEDIES Improving Medical facilities Provide Proper education Food Subsidy provided Raising income Proper Feeding practices Reducing poverty Better Hygiene facilities Malnutrition
  • 10. SOME OTHER CAUSES OFSOME OTHER CAUSES OF REDUCING MALNUTRITIONREDUCING MALNUTRITION • Strategic choices for improved child nutrition. India takes a comprehensive nutrition strategy ,various choices for nutritious strategies can be considered. • Ensuring that economic growth and poverty reduction policies reach to the poor. • Cooperation policy actions to accelerate progress in reducing child malnutrition . • Redesigning nutrition & health policies programmes by drawing on science an technology for nutritional improvement strengthening their implementation and increasing their coverage. • Promotion of healthy practices and appropriate use of healthy services. • Promotion of good sanitation practices and access to clean drinking water. • Improved use of locally available food, fortified food, micro nutrient supplementation and home fortification for under nourished women. • Vitamin A supplementation in first eight weeks after delivery. • Appropriate infant feeding practices for HIV-exposed infants and ARV. • Increasing investments and actions in nutrition services with the highest concentration. • Focusing programmes on girls and women‘s health and nutrition .
  • 11. SUGGESTIONS To provide proper health and nutrition to expectant women so that the baby she gives birth will not be malnutrited. Poverty should be reduced. Proper guidance and knowledge should be given to the expectant women about infant feeding and carrying practices. Income should be raised. Employment should be generated. Lack of cleanliness gives birth to diseases. So people should be made aware of the impact of cleanliness in their life.
  • 12. IMPACT  Polices such as MID DAY MEAL, PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM(PDS), UNICEF was implemented for the reduction of malnutrition.  MID DAY MEAL was not implemented properly as this policy has many drawbacks many children got ill after having meal and some of them were died.  PDS was also become TPDS TARGETED PDS because high rates of subsidies were given to the poor & poorest among poor.
  • 13. IMPACT  Polices such as MID DAY MEAL, PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM(PDS), UNICEF was implemented for the reduction of malnutrition.  MID DAY MEAL was not implemented properly as this policy has many drawbacks many children got ill after having meal and some of them were died.  PDS was also become TPDS TARGETED PDS because high rates of subsidies were given to the poor & poorest among poor.
  • 14. REFERENCES  Oxford University; Economic Survey.  The Educational Planning Group Dehli; Food And Nutrition, Arya Publishing House.  Avinashilingam, Institute For Home Science And Higher Education For WOMEN University, Tamil Nadu, India; The Indian Journal Of Nutrition And Dietetics.  The Journal- Yojana; July 2013.  Oxford University; Eleventh Five Year Plan ,Planning Commission Govt. Of India.  www.google.com
  • 15. Thank You