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  1. 1. NOURISH TO FLOURISH-REDUCING MALNUTRITION Team Members Samskruthi Reddy Apoorva Ganthi Kolluru Sneha S Pavani Apoorva Reddy
  2. 2. One in every three malnourished children lives in India  According to a UNICEF report on child malnutrition, it is found that India is home for 61 percent stunted children under 5 and 38 percent of all stunted children in the world.
  3. 3. Problems causing Malnourishment Factors causing Malnutrition 1.Inavailability of nutritious food  Malnourishment is prevailing in many sections of society due socio-economic factors and ignorance 2.Lack of education  Malnutrition is higher among kids whose mothers are uneducated or have less than 5 years of education. 3.Inefficiency of Public distribution system  This is due to poor transport infrastructure and poor ID mechanisms
  4. 4. Use of fortified food and conducting awareness campaigns provides a solution to reduce Malnourishment Solutions can be classified depending on the foresight of results as:  Short term solutions 1. Regional centers to create awareness about malnutrition 2. Training unemployed people about effects and solutions of malnutrition and employing them in the above centers 3. Providing vitamin supplements to the people affected by malnutrition through these centers. 4. Inspection in schools through medical practitioners and giving proper supplements  Long term solutions 1.Providing Peanuts+Jaggery bars(chikki) to school students 2.Making the Fortified buttermilk available at low cost 3.Making of kichidi(cooked rice along with vegetables) making as a part of the mid-day meals 4.Making of porridge from finger millets also known as KOOZH 5.Providing vitamin supplements and fortified food to pregnant and lactating women.
  5. 5. SHORT TERM SOLUTIONS 1.Creating centers in existing primary health centers and appointing medical practitioners and volunteers after being trained to spread awareness about malnutrition 2.As we know poverty is one of the factors for malnutrition , creating employing opportunities help in eradicating it . unemployed persons are recruited and trained sufficiently to work in the centers for malnutrition awareness 3.These centers’ main function is to spread awareness and also giving sufficient supplements in case of people with malnutrition 4.As we know majority of malnutrition in India is in children , measures are to be taken to decrease the cases of malnutrition. To eradicate  Schools must be inspected regularly by medical professionals  vitamin supplements must be provided to students who are affected with malnutrition  students must be made aware of the consequences of malnutrition and how hazardous it can be.
  6. 6. PEANUT JAGGERY BARS  Peanuts are known for their nutrition values and for protein content  Jaggery is known for the iron and calcium contents  Use of peanut and jaggery in making bars is economical and very healthy and it helps in eradicating malnutrition  Peanuts consists of vitamins of b complex like thiamine riboflavin etc and proteins and amino acids.1  Cost of 1kg is nearly INR 300  Schools must be supplied with this at low cost so that every student should have it everyday  Students are given a bar of 4X2 cm every two days  Even the regional centers are to be supplied with these bars so that they may be provided to people with malnutrition
  7. 7. FORTIFIED BUTTER MILK  Buttermilk being a milk product is rich in calcium  By fortifying buttermilk , eradication of malnutrition is more effective  Malt made from sorghum and millets are to be mixed with butter milk. This helps in improvement of nutrition values  Schools are made to provide this to students and also should be available in regional centers  By making this available to everyone malnutrition can be tackled  Millets are rich in energy , iron and vitamin b complex  Sorghum is also rich in energy and iron  This can be made at a very low cost of INR 5
  8. 8. MID-DAY MEALS  As we know our government has started a innovative approach to tackle malnutrition that is mid-day meals  But these mid-day meals are not effective in their function and they have failed to eradicate malnutrition in many cases  The main reason for the failure is due to negligence and corruption of authorities  This can be solved by maintaining transparency and involving other volunteers in it  By making khichidi that is vegetables cooked along with rice we could make sure that the proper nutrient supplements are given  Using brown rice instead of rice is also a better option as it is more nutritious  Introducing Koozh which is made from finger millets is also helpful
  9. 9. AWARENESS AMONG PREGNANT AND LACTATING WOMEN  Malnutrition during pregnancy and lactation puts the life of the mother and the child in danger  Anaemia during pregnancy is dangerous and may lead to death  The child is born underweight and is weak. On a long run the child is prone to many diseases .  So pregnant and lactating women are educated about malnutrition and its effects for the safety of her and her child  92% of the women state that they don’t know about malnutrition. So awareness must be spread  Women are to be given vitamin supplements and proper care must be taken  Breastfeeding must be encouraged for preventing malnutrition
  10. 10. IMPROVISING THE PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM  In India, it is difficult to know who is getting benefits hence proper ID mechanisms can help create nation wide identification  There is no proper transportation and infrastructure, hence better roads and railways is the key solution  GDP per capita is $1000/person which is very small, hence proper awareness must be created among the people  The awareness can be created through counters in primary healthcare centers wherein the volunteers must be employed to spread awareness  The primary healthcare centers population coverage is around 30,000 in plain areas and 20,000 in hilly areas, hence at least 500 volunteers for total population coverage taking 1 volunteer for a group of 100 people, are required
  11. 11. CHALLENGES AND PROBLEMS  With out transparency in the activities of authorities it is difficult to achieve  Due to ignorance many people try to avoid taking vitamin supplements by thinking that it is harmful to health  Allergy to peanut can be seen in some individuals  Butter milk must be pure without adulteration  Water used for cooking in Mid-day meals must be clean TO TACKLE THESE PROBLEMS  Awareness must be created among people about malnutrition and they should be encouraged to take vitamin supplements  Sanitation must be taken care of and cleanliness must be maintained  previous records of allergy must be noted and first usage of peanut must be under supervision
  12. 12. References  poverty/statistics-on-hunger/  article-3.jpg   child.html