“A Carbon neutral city is my dream….”
-Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam
Aditya Yadav (TC), Akshita Joshi, Shreshthi Prasad, Simran Sappal, Manish Kharkwal
“Ensuring World Class Civic Amenities in Urban India”
The Sustainable City
A milepost to the Future
In Delhi , congested roadways waste 30 lakh litres
of fuel worth Rs. 11.5 crores every day.
• 340 million Indians live in cities today
and every minute 30 leave rural India
for the cities.
• 590 million people will live in cities by
2030, nearly twice the population of
United States today.
• POPULATION GROWTH IN URBAN
AREAS DUE TO MIGRATION:-
• Solid waste Management in cities:
As per CPCB report brought out in 2005
about 1, 15,000 MT of Municipal Solid
Waste is generated daily in the country.
However, scientific disposal of the waste
generated is almost non-existent.
• Urban Transport: In India none of the
cities provide a class 1 public transport
• Urban Housing: As per Census of India,
2001, 52.4 million people lived in slums in
1743 towns which constitutes 23.5% of
the population of these towns.
• Ecology: Sustainability, Energy, Air
pollution, Spatial Change: Density versus
2001 2004 2008 2012
• Urban unemployment higher than
• Rural unemployment at 7% is lower
than urban unemployment at 14%
• Hypothesis: Migration from rural to
urban is a reason for unemployment
due to unavailability of more jobs.
DECADE OF DECLINE:- Migration
leading to slums due to unavailability
of houses for poor in cities.
• Water Supply: The urban water
supply is beset with problems
relating to coverage, quality, poor
operation ,maintenance and
• So far, there has been little or no
thrust on conserving water either
in the mega cities or in the
• Only 39 cities qualified on all
three basic tests conducted to
check water quality out of 423
• For example, Delhi claims to
supply water at the rate of 225
lpcd whereas cities like London
supply only 150 lpcd.
A CARBON FREE CITY
Successfully incorporating sustainable urban planning and development into how cities
and towns around the world operate is a crucial part of the global response to climate
change and to improving energy security
In future city solid waste strategy seeks to minimize waste to landfill and maximize the
resource potential of waste material by reuse, recycling, composting and recovery of energy.
Creating any sustainable urban development or re-development requires a unique focus
across all areas of design, development and operation. Five of the most important are:
planning and design, power, water, transport and supply chain.
SMARTER TRANSPORT LEADING TO BETTER CITIES
• A public transport system of electric buses, electric cars, and other clean-
energy vehicles will provide transport within the city, while light rail and
Metro lines will pass through the centre of Future City, providing transport
within the city and serving as a link to the wider metropolitan area. Most
private vehicles will be kept at the city’s edge in parking lots that will be
linked by public transportation to the rest of the city.
PRT – WORLDS SMARTEST PUBLIC
CARRY 3 TO 6
ROUTING & COLLECTION
(APMs): 100X safer
than driving & at-
personal rapid transit
A series of computer-driven vehicles
known as pods provide convenient
and comfortable transport for up to
four passengers, along with personal
items such as luggage and shopping.
PRT(Personal Rapid Transit)
• No-wait, 5-min journey where Bus journey was of 15 minutes.
• Eliminates 50,000 bus trips per year, 213 tons of CO2
• Zero local emissions, zero NOX
• 900 passenger trips per day, 22h operation
“Best airport transfer devices ever” “quicker, easier and greener than the buses”
“Awesome sci-fi system” “Soooo cool!! Addicting!!”
“Geek transportation par excellence!”
“Fantastic. Epochal. Could not be more excited.”
One of the advantages of a PRT network is that it offers a lot of flexibility. It’s much less expensive
than traditional transit. It doesn’t serve the same needs as high-speed rail or BART metro. It’s a
complement to those systems.
Capacity per PRT "loop"
4 3 2 1
vph (20% MT) 720 960 1440 2880
4 ppv 2880 3840 5760 11520
Capacity per station berth
load/unload 30 sec
pax/hr 480personal rapid transit
$7M - $15M Cost per KM
• Cost function = f
– System size (larger is cheaper because of
– Station Density (more stations/mile =>
– Peak hour trip demand (more demand =>
– Guide way:
• Seismic requirements
– Stations: “fancy” costs more
– Vehicle customizations.
– Desired average passenger wait
time (shorter wait => more vehicles)
Comparison b/w PRT and
existing transportation system Other systems PRT
cost $664M $95-190M
wait, trip, walk,
transfers 10+ min 4 min
# stations 3 21
length 1.8 mi x2 12.6 mi
construction disruptive Legos
lay-down large small
tunnel yes no
personal rapid transit
• Continuous CCTV and black box monitoring of all pods and two-way
communication with central control
• An independent Automatic Vehicle Protection system that protects
against pod collision on the guide way
• Safety interlocks between the brakes, motor and doors
• Emergency exits, smoke detectors and fire extinguishers fitted in all
• Self-monitoring vehicles that identify possible maintenance issues
before they arise
• Emergency escape routes, suitable for evacuation on foot
Ensuring the Comfort and Security of Passengers
PRT Pod control roomIn PRT
first mile Train, HSR
first mile Bus
share, rent, ride home
Short carpool pick up
•Supportive policy context
• Increase in property values
• Reduction in traffic
• Fare revenue
• Reduction in accidents
• Reduction in emissions
• Reduction in energy use
• Time savings
• Improved transit reliability
Comprehensive, Integrated IMobility
CONNECTING THE CITY
IMPLEMENTING THE IDEAS
PRT WILL IMPACT THE LIVES OF MILLIONS
AND THE GROWTH OF INDIA
• It leads to employability in
maintenance and construction
• Traffic reduction :-
Saves valuable time of people.
That further helps to increase
Reduction in emissions
Low visual impact
A safe, secure and convenient
mode of transport
Key Concept and Implementation Risks
Challenges and Risks Mitigation factors
• Funding from private sector.
• Tighter integration with global
level companies that could
provide the best resources
• Collaboration with the private
sector for further funding.
• Funding from the developed
countries and the world bank.
do not see
that the initial system
will scale up to the
ultimate system -
and maintenance )
The compact nature of the system results
in huge savings in infrastructure costs
and resource usage.
•Hindustan Construction Company Ltd
•Mott MacDonald Limited
•Mubadala Development Company
•THE TIMES OF INDIA
•Ultra Global Prt