Sowing prosperity : Boosting agricultural productivity
Anshul Kumar Singh
A new model to increase the agricultural productivity state-wise
The overriding challenge is the sustainable and profitable growth in
More than 52% of India’s land is cultivable, compared to the global
average of 11%. India has the potential to become one of the
world’s major food suppliers, but it has to overcome major
• Adoption of modern agricultural practices and use of technology
is inadequate, hampered by ignorance, high costs and
• The country’s inefficient and inadequate farm and village level
storage network results in spoilage of almost 40% of its total
• Current sources of irrigation depend heavily on groundwater but the level of groundwater is already in
a critical condition in most states.
• Small and marginal farmers who constitute more than 80% of total farmer households in the country
face exclusion from formal financial channels.
Source: Agricultural situation in India, Directorate of Economics and
• Sustained improvement of the low-income rural population while at the same time ensuring an effective
contribution by the rural economy to the national development.
• To create world class supply-chain infrastructure to reduce wastages, deliver better quality products and
providing raw materials to agro-industries.
• To create and assist small and medium scale agro-industries, meanwhile also ensuring the growth of
larger industries to remain competitive in global markets.
• Developing an agricultural organization with its centers at state, district and sub-district levels.
• State level centers would be responsible for bringing Public-Private Partnerships(PPP) and development
of agro-industries while district and sub levels would focus on farmers and rural areas.
• Development of food parks and ensuring availability of raw materials for agro industries.
State District Sub-district
A single organization which would be solemnly responsible for
development of agriculture in state
A state level organization to improve supply chain infrastructure,
promote scientific methods and nurture agro industries
R & D
Improving Supply chain infrastructure
Bringing Private Sector Partnership to create world class
infrastructure integrated with appropriate surface transport
connections, cold storages, auction centers and retail chains.
Bringing Science in Agriculture
Development of new courses and R&D institutes.
Recruitment and training of staff which would guide the
farmers at district and sub levels about the latest techniques
and methodologies of agriculture.
Construction of macro irrigation facilities like canals.
Development of micro irrigation techniques like drip irrigation.
Handling Export of Agriculture Products
Organization will handle export, trading promotion, trade
facilitation, development, promotion and regulation of export
oriented industries and commodities.
One organization where farmers can get everything ranging from
financial help to scientific advise
Financial Aids to farmers
Easy Financial loans to farmers at subsidized rates which would
encourage farmers to use superior technologies.
Taking Science to Rural areas
Holding regular seminars to educate farmers about the latest
scientific techniques for sustainable and profitable growth in
Soil Testing Centers
Soil testing services would be available at district level. The center
would offer soil, plant, manure and irrigation water service analysis to
Holding awards and ceremonies to acknowledge farmers and to
promote the sense of competitiveness among them.
Bringing assistance to farmer’s home
Seeds and Fertilizers Distribution
Distribution of hybrid seeds can improve yield by as much as
40% and balanced fertilizer usage can prevent stagnant yield
and depletion of soil fertility.
Village Level Scientific Experts
To assist farmers in implementation of scientific techniques such
as micro-irrigation and also to guide them in specific situations.
Fully developed irrigation facilities would reduce dependence of
agriculture on monsoon.
Warehouses and Cold Storages
To store the harvest near to where it is raised. This would ensure
minimal loss of the agro product at ground level.
Imparting techniques to farmers to convert non-useful agro
waste to manures and biomass.
Development of agro infrastructures and promotion of agro based
• To create favorable environment by providing
incentives to the domestic and foreign investors
for setting up of agro industrial projects in the
• Reputed and proven companies would be
offered an attractive package of financial support
and incentives for agro-industrial projects.
• Incentives such as technology upgradation,
modernization, expansion or diversification
would be made available for new units as well as
• Establishment of well integrated agro-marketing and food park to provide cost effective start-up for
prospective food processing businesses due to reduced overheads and ready to use infrastructure.
• These parks are specially designed to meet and offer integrated facilities for smooth operation along
with easy and cost effective availability of raw materials and manpower.
• Development of Food park intends to attain viability by defraying cost of major common facilities such
as: R&D, Laboratory, Cold Storages, warehousing, pack houses, food testing and analysis lab, effluent
treatment plant, common processing facilities, power and water supply.
• Agro processing industries would be encouraged to enter into contract farming arrangements either
directly or through group of farmers, value added centers, agro service centers or cooperatives.
• These industries may provide necessary inputs to the member farmers such as planting material, seeds
and other inputs, may guide farmers in agronomic practices and may also take crop insurance on behalf
of the member farmers.
Role of the organization towards food parks and contract farming
Food service/ retailer /auction
Village distribution center
Agro-based industries Export
Supply chain and distribution system
Initiative : Farmer card
Introduction of a Farmer card, provided to every farmer, to ensure that all the agro-data related to the
farmer is available at one place. This would serve following objectives:
• To store the data of land holdings of the farmer.
• To keep the record of the financial aids given to the farmer.
• To keep the record of crops grown by the farmer and his productivity over the years.
• Data availability for Research,
• Teaching facility based on type
of crops that are being grown.
• Better accountability in terms
of Public Distribution.
• Growth and development of
village, district, state, thereby
• Easy loans available on
• A sense of security about
• Relief packages in case of
emergency situations like
• Concession in government
facilities like railway, bus
• Country: India’s Cold Chain Industry, US Commercial Service, Renie Subin
• Challenges faced by the Agriculture Sector in Developing Countries with special reference to India:
• Report by Nair Committee on priority sector lending
• Agricultural situation in India, Directorate of Economics and Statistics
• Indian Agriculture-Challenges and prospects: IMA India
• Farm Size and Productivity: Understanding the Strengths of Smallholders and Improving Their
Livelihoods: Review of Agriculture
• Report by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IME) on global food wastage
• India: Issues and Priorities for Agriculture, The world Bank
• Policies Towards Development of Agro-industries in India: S. K. Goyal
• Agro-industrial parks Experience from India: K. Laxminarayana Rao, Food and Agriculture organization
of the United Nations
• Agro-Processing Industries in India—Growth, Status and Prospects: R. P. Kachru, Indian Council of
Agricultural Research, New Delhi