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  1. 1. 1 Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee भारतीय प्रोद्योगिकी संस्थान रूड़की Promoting Research and Innovation in India by “Institute social responsibility“  Team o Pranav Sharma o Pallav Ranjan o Manoj Sarda o Mohit Hemrajani o Jitin Singla
  2. 2. Financial Head • Insufficient Funds: Only 0.8% of GDP, accounts for R&I in India. Private investments count for only 25% of it. • Inefficient allocation: Basic infrastructure for research lacks in majority of universities. • Corporate Participation: MNCs are passive to R&D in India, hence creating a dependent economy. Structural and Administrative • Problem identification: Our research is mostly unfocused and deals with problems of western world. • Isolation of institutions: National institutes works in Islands, separated from society as well as their lower counter parts. • IPR rules: No awareness regarding patents and lack of output based research. Ethical and Cultural • Lack of holistic exposure in institutes: Mono-disciplinary institutes are not able to cover all the dimensions of problem. • Feudal Mindset: Centuries of slavery suppressed the basic habit of questioning and exploring. • Variants of Corruption: “Amarbel” of corruption eating the whole system. 2 Dimensions of Problem
  3. 3. Institute Social Responsibility Corporate Funding for sponsored research R& D Bonds Smart Grid Structure of Institutes Industrial and Research exposure Ethical, Cultural and Social 3 • For Bharat to become “Vishwaguru” again, we must focus on building its knowledge pool. To lead the world at various frontiers; research and innovation plays a key role. To debug the system we propose Institute Social Responsibility (ISR) as the solution, on the lines of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). This would induce a large expenditure in research infrastructure, large level participation of youth at different levels and radical, ethical reforms in our research behavior. The solution of this problem alone will channelize waves of changes in basic cognizance, building the character of nation and eventually lead to GLORY. • We now introduce concept of Institute social responsibility (ISR) Introduction
  4. 4. • MNCs are not enthusiastic towards infrastructure development, in India. • Investments only in tertiary sector is the days trend, creating a dependant economy. • 1,227 Indian listed companies liable to pay 2% of their PAT (Profit After Tax) for CSR. Concept • We propose investment of 0.8-1.0% of their PAT in sponsored research in selected national institutes. • The total amount that Indian corporate have to spend on works out to Rs 87 billion every financial year. • SEBI along with NIC(National Innovation Council) will jointly monitor fund allocation and report verification. • NIC will help direct funding for break through research in national problems such as energy, water, agriculture and public health with high level of accountability and proper exit options. Implementation • It will boost application based research and thereby innovation. • It will solve the problem of financial scarcity without increasing liability of over –burdened government. • The role of TATA group in this regards can be taken as role model. Impact • Companies may be reluctant for diversion of their money. • To cope with it the percentage amount can be taken from CSR directly. • Will give a more relevant dimension to CSR and specify role of corporate in national growth. Challenges 4 Corporate funded Sponsored Research and Innovation
  5. 5. • Research is seen as something elite and for few. • R&I bonds can be issued by existing nationalized banks,. • Currently a large network of banks exist nation-wide which will ensure even rural inclusion. Concept • Bonds of small amount as low as Rs. 100 to ensure high penetration among masses. • As research needs time, so does innovation through it. Therefore low interest and high duration to obtain returns. • To counter them bonds can be made tax-free, also special tax slabs can be made for those investing into R&I Bonds. Implementation • As public money is involved, risk increases and so does responsibility. • A cap of maximum amount say Rs.100 billion should be introduced to define maximum possible risk which Government can tackle. • High- level monitoring should be done by MHRD and NIC • AICTE/NIC will allocate funds to a very large number of small, single investigators , blue-sky projects including those in state universities. Impact • Will help to raise a large amount for Innovation activities as output is directly expected. • Will create a nation-wide belongingness to research and research institutes. • Ensure generation of responsibility amongst researchers and scientists (social liability). • Can successfully tackle problem of Chit-funds by creating confidence as Government of India is involved. Challenges 5 R&I Bonds (Crowd funded Innovation )
  6. 6. • Institutes in India built with opaque walls. • Unable to have focused research and thereby failing to address needs of masses . Concept • Developing a vertical ladder approach amongst institutes. • For example creation and inter-linking of ITI s, polytechnics and indigenous institutes near NITs and IITs. • Interlinking would mean sharing of libraries, laboratories and other infrastructure. Implementation • Institutes work independently but in collaboration, as to promote top-down and bottom-up flow of ideas. • Administration will still be independent, only resources would be shared. • Grass-root technology will gain support of high-end facilities of institutes thereby promoting indigenous innovations. Impact • It will ensure the high end technical benefits of national institutes reach regional and local levels of society. • Will work as efficient feed-back system for our innovations and research and their realization on the practical ground. Challenges 6 Smart -Grid Structure for Institutions
  7. 7. • “Today, we do research that ‘can’ be done and not what ‘needs’ to be done.” - R K Shevgaonkar, Director IIT DelhiConcept • Compulsory Research and industrial exposure for faculty of national institutes : One year mandatory working in an industrial organization after every 5 years. • Clubbing of research institutes with educational institutes : Undergraduate and Post graduates courses should be started at research institutes such as TIFR, DRDO, IISC, BARC etc. • Incentivizing Problem based Research in Post graduation can be promoted by having general admission into such programs thereafter the real research can be started. Implementation • Will promote problem based research leading to innovation. • Inter-disciplinary approach towards problems will increase our understandings. • New knowledge and new insights will originate at the boundaries of disciplines. Impact • Present stagnant system can create hindrance in systematic reforms. • Lack of motivation for research in existing faculty. “Research is not my cup of tea”. • Compulsion and incentivize research work is only long term solution. Challenges 7 Research and Industrial Exposure “Keeping research institutions separate from educational ones was a big mistake on the part of India over the years.”
  8. 8. • More money is undoubtedly better, but if there are deep cultural and social problems extra money will drain away. • We have to come over our feudal mindset we must develop good research environment in institutions by flattening the existing hierarchal model . • Centuries of slavery has created strongly feudal mind-set amongst us. Concept • Flattening the present hierarchal system of research and educational institutes. • Vertical ladder approach in research and innovation should be promoted. • Free working environment should be encouraged. • Discussion groups like Journal Clubs give world-wide exposure of frontiers of research. Impact and Implementation • In this part of world, age is blindly equated with wisdom and youth with immaturity. • To utilize the huge potential of youth we have to overcome our this deep-rooted mentality. Challenges 8 Ethical, Cultural and Social A large country with a well developing economy can afford this long term strategy and vision. China need not be a comparison point. India is endowed enough to seek its own solution for its problem.
  9. 9. 9 Extended Thoughts… Some other thoughts sorted out from weekly discussions with other students and faculty of IITR: •Campus-Ambassadors of IPR appointed by Govt. Of India across lengths and breadth of country can ensure improvement in IPR rules. Periodic awareness drives and events by regional ambassadors will fulfill our motto. It will not only boost our quest for research and innovation but also get India its rightful position in world. • India as a developing nation must have a hold on its future for sustainable growth, therefore share of GDP should increase by at least 1-1.5% from current level of 0.9%. • Instead of inviting any foreign institute for educational activates in country, only reputed and globally ranking institutes should be invited for research activities In collaboration with national institutes.
  10. 10. 10 • Report of “The Committee to Advise on Renovation and Rejuvenation of Higher Education” – YashPal Committee Report 2009-10 • Challenges for science in India Nature Materials 8, 361 (2009) doi:10.1038/nmat2437 • Challenges in Industry-Academia Collaboration Pankaj Jalote, Dept of CSE, IIT Kanpur • Country made a big mistake: IIT Director By Express News Service – THIRUVANANTHAPURAM Published: 31st August 2013 • Bold strategies for Indian science 12 APRIL 2012 | VOL 484 | NATURE References