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  1. 1. CAG – Ensuring Expeditious & Timely Justice To All Presented By: Shubham Waykole Tirtha Girolkar Shreetej Purandare Indrayani Kadu Akash Patil From Pune Maharashtra Venture Sectoral bifurcation of courts to ensure timely justice in cities with a committee for village level management
  2. 2. Current Condition Of INDIAN Judiciary  Our system is based on common law system. It is a well designed system where it gives provision to every aspect in every way so that right and true outcome comes out. The only it lacks is the speed and the efficiency.This even empowers the criminals and unjust people to find a number of ways to escape as they are granted with immense time.  According to the latest National Crime Records Bureau figures, the percentage of under trials in Indian jails was 64.7 in 2011.  The government said around 3.2 crore cases were pending in high courts and subordinate courts across the country while 56,383 cases were pending in the Supreme Court in december 2011.  It also said 74% of the total 3.2 crore cases were less than five years old. Similarly, 20,334 out of the 56,383 pending cases in the apex court were less than one year old. That is too much of backlog. Rather the term "backlog" has been misused and the term "pendency" is the right word for describing the large number of cases pending in the courts today. As could be understood, the largest number of cases that are actually pending in the Indian Courts are that of minor MotorVehicle Cases, petty crimes such as stealing, abusing, insult, slap, etc. Reference Google images
  3. 3. Reasons For The Pendency Of Cases  Judges-Population Ratio &Vacancies of Judges -The judge population ratio is very less.There are just 15 judges for every 1 million people in India. How much can a judge be able to work?  Provision of Adjournments -The main problem that resulted into pending cases is the adjournments granted by the court it is the power of the court to postpone the hearing.  Vacations for the Courts and less court timing - why the courts should have such long vacations when there is such huge pendency of cases in all the courts and why cant it work for longer durations.  Ever increasing number of cases and population it is very important that we provide timely justice to all before people loose confidence in our law system.  Well we cant do anything about the adjournment as it is the power granted to court and there are several aspects involved in that.We even can’t change the population and increase judge ratio in days.  But we can design a system that runs in much better way just by studying the statistics and making the right use of unemployed advocates, lawyers and judges.
  4. 4. Some Statistics & Classification Of Our Population  According to statistics of 2011, Still approximately 70% of Indian population lives in rural India in villages.  Out of total villages 80% have population less than 1000.
  5. 5. » Team: 1/2advocates + 1 inspectors/sub inspector. » Experienced, responsible persons from nearest city/taluka. » Local or straightforward cases to be dealt with by the panchayat headed by the sarpanch. » Cases needing legal intervention to be handled by the said committee.The committee will review, hear and pass judgment on such cases. » Committee visits to be scheduled once a week. » Depending on the population and area, 1 or 2 advocates to be allotted to the villages. » Only cases not solvable in the resources provided to the committees to be taken forward to the district courts. » Judicial system easily available in the local environment for the villagers. » Time /energy of the courts saved. » Time / energy of the applicants saved. Village Level Management Of Law System For Timely Justice
  6. 6. City Level Management Of Law System For Timely Justice This system is based on the fact that court loses its precious time in many cases that are not that important and can be judged by people having sound knowledge in law and expert judges aren’t required for straight forward cases. we aim at finishing off such small cases at the local level. The system: » A city is divided in a number of zones depending on the crime rate, population density and area of the city. » Each zone will have its own court unit. A court unit will be just as big as a bank without investing much money and infrastructure in it. » Each zone’s court unit will be preceded over by a judge. » The judge will be a retired judge or an experienced advocate i.e. creamy layer of advocates after passing an examination will be allowed for seat of judge. » Each court unit will hear cases from the same locality.
  7. 7. The process: » The case is registered at the nearest court unit to the applicant. » As all units are monitored centrally, any case within the city boundaries can be registered in any court unit. » While reporting, every small detail of the case will be noted down.The required documents will be verified and scanned and maintained electronically. » Considering the type and zone of the incidence of crime a suitable lawyer will be appointed to assist the case. » Depending upon the severity, date of reporting of the case a just date for the hearing will be calculated. » To prevent dragging of petty issues, a deadline will be set for the case.
  8. 8. » The fees of the assigned lawyers will be predefined in the system. Stopping the violation made by lawyers in terms of fees and help the poor to seek justice. » These small cases being dealt with at the local level, it will create time and space for formal courts to deal with important cases. » Thus ultimately speeding up the process. » The system as being monitored centrally is transparent. It prevents rush at specific court premises by distributing the population. » Corruption is avoided by transparency and quick handling and disposal of the cases. The database: » A centralized database is maintained. » Dynamically maintains the records of: The registered cases, Their type, summary, date of registration. The available lawyers, Their fields of expertise, experience. The zone of activity of the lawyers. » The database will be divided zone wise. » Date for hearing will be calculated by algorithms considering the date of reporting and type of the case. » Tally incoming and outgoing cases on a daily basis.And monitor the performances of the lawyers and the judges. » Maintain record of the decisions given to the various cases.
  9. 9. Sector Advocates Goes to sector judge at given date Cases Advocate alloted to each case Only important cases to district and high court Pictorial representation of idea
  10. 10. General Solution To Effective Working Of Law Systems  The first and the for most thing is we can reduce the number of adjournment alloted to the cases. Fix number of adjournments mostly just one or two maximum if issue is serious should be granted to a case.  The court timings can be extended a bit by two hours so that two or three more cases can be tackled every day.  The number of request for bail given by a criminals should be reduced so that the unnecessary time given for bail hearings is saved  We should make the court work from Monday to Saturday throughout the month and only important public holidays should be granted a holiday