Ensuring world class civic amenities in
Jitendra Kumar(team coordinator
Hanendra Pratap Singh
Akshay Kumar Saini
URBANISATION : ISSUE THAT NEED TALKING URBANISATION SCENARIO
According to the 2011 Census, the urban population
grew from 286 million in 2001 to 377 million in 2011.
The number of one million plus cities grew from 9 in
1971 to 35 in 2001 and may rise shortly to 47 such
According to estimates by the government an estimated
50 per cent of the population (about 700 million people)
will be living in cities by 2025.
3 basic things to know
Where are we coming from?
Where are we today?
Where are we going in the
In simplest words urbanisation is a process
in which physical growth of urban areas
increases either due to migration from rural
areas or due to global change or any other
before starting let us first try
to understand some basic terms which are
highly important for this presentation.
According to ministry of urban development report
published in 2010 on cities pointed out lack of civic
amenities and infrastructure-
A recent rating on sanitation by ministry of urban
development reveals that 190 out of 423
municipalities in India are on a brink of
4861 out of 5161 cities/towns in India do not even
have a partial sewerage network.
Less than 20% of road network is covered by storm
water drains according to –MoUD, Government of
Only 21% of the waste water generated is treated
compared with 57% in South Africa.
The motor vehicle population in India has increased
100 times from 1951 to 2004 ,while the road
network has expanded only eight times.
PRESENT CIVIC INFRASTRUCTURE SCENARIO
The facilities provided by the governments and
municipal corporations for common people are
called civic amenities.
Examples: water supply, electricity, roads.
bridges, railways, roadways, and likes... the
utilities that are used by the masses / public.
Before we discuss anything here is a statement
of a person who basically handles all the urban
related issues and most probably know about the
current India’s urban situation better than any of
“Indian cities are likely to house over 600
million people and account for 70 per cent of the
county's GDP over the next decade but they have
grown faster than the infrastructure required to
support them” , said Union Minister for Urban
Development Kamal Nath at the INDIA TODAY
Best City Awards 2013 in New Delhi on
If we try to understand this
statement of honourable minister and the given
scenario of indian present civic infrastructure it
is very clear that we are having troubles in
providing the basic and world class amenities .
WHERE WE STAND
The reasons for slow urban development include policy biases against replacement of labor with
industrialization, location of industries in urban areas, and urban concentrations. Other mazor reasons
for slow growth in urban areas are as follows:
Choice in Industry
Inadequate Increase in Rural
Labour Legislation and Small
Location Restrictions on
PROBLEMS AS WE SEE THEM
Urban water supply and sanitation.
Electrical power, employability, women
safety, good environment and many others
What to do and
o Ideally, slums should be cleared and modest housing apartment buildings constructed
by the government to accommodate all the slum dwellers.
o Preferably the flats should be leased out at affordable rents to the occupants. This way
the slum dwellers remain in the area where they used to live and the linkages among
the residents retained.
o With so much hike in market it is almost impossible to provide flats for people living at
slums at an low price in the cities like Mumbai , Bangalore etc.
o The most important problem in all cities has been housing ,the sudden and large scale
influx of migrants from rural areas to urban areas especially the metropolises and state
o Due to lack of housing, in every city almost fifty percent population live in slums.
o There should be proper means of water harvesting which can be used to restore the
water which after suitable processes can be used for drinking purpose.
o And water harvesting must make compulsory in all states like it is in Tamilnadu.
o Pipelining of drinking water supply must be check frequently so that if any problem
occurs it can be removed thus minimizing the water wastage.
o Proper caring and management of such a big system in big cities is really a very heavy
job to do and great caring is needed.
o In India where there is no understanding and proper co-operation between different
working society it is almost impossible to handle this type of problems until there is a
proper attitude toward working as a collective team.
o With the continuous increase in the urban population another problem related to
drinking water supply and sanitation comes into existence.
o According to the 54th round of National Sample Survey (NSS) an estimated of around
20-25 percent households do not get drinking water properly almost all the time.
o In big cities like Mumbai there is need of bringing water from rural areas resulting in the
Lack of supply for even the people of those rural areas.
What to do and
o Metro rail systems are being set up at great cost for mass rapid transportation this
network must increase and developed in all cities.
o The way forward is to restrict severely individual transport and increase manifold public
transport both by road and rail.
o Public transport must be made much more efficient, regular, punctual, attractive and
adequate. Then the need for individual transports will go down and the state would be
able to put severe restrictions on use of individual transport as is being done in
o For proper public transport we need wider and proper roads and bridges but due to
increase in population space availability is becoming a big issue.
o Strict rules and laws are needed to increase public transport and reduce individual
vehicles , but in our country where rules or system has no value and anyone can break
them on the power of money whenever they want it is a lot to do.
o Another major problem faced by people in urban areas is the lack of adequate public
o Pedestrians and slow moving vehicles do not get sympathetic treatment either by the
authorities or the other road users.
What to do and
o Recycling the solid waste material and converting much of it into usable products seems
to be the best and only available solution at current time.
o it would greatly revolutionize the civic amenities provision if a method can be invented
to dispose of this waste at the site where it is generated.
o Most forms of recycling are little more than waste disposal, particularly if
petrochemicals and other toxics are involved.
o Mobile phones usually have a short life of around 3-4 years without that much of harm
but in developing countries like India where recycling is very costly we use them for far
longer period resulting in new harms.
o Another big problem that has arisen in cities has been the enormous amount of solid
waste generated. In a city like Bengaluru the solid waste generated daily is estimated to
be around 5000 tons. The collection, transportation and disposal of this huge quantity of
solid waste is posing serious problems to the municipality
o A new type of hazardous waste has come up in recent years, namely electronic waste.
Unserviceable cell phones, their accessories, other electronic goods, are being thrown
away indiscriminately Their disposal is going to become a very serious problem in due
What to do and
SOLUTION AT VERY BASIC
As we cope with the kind of urban growth expected, it is of the utmost importance that city
governance and management is made much innovative, flexible and responsive. We need intelligent urban
governance since problems keep changing and need dynamic responses. Urban management needs to
become much professional and attractive so that the next generation of urban managers are the best and
We do believe that the best strategy for making Indian urban areas world class we need to-
Make the city
Take care of
Take care of health
Take care of clean
Reduce barriers to
Take care of housing
and public transport
But the very basic need is of
Providing the best
It is a system build of basic
and different components.
It works as a catalyst for the
growth of the
It is technology based but
with a great care of
It is visible, invisible and
experimental which are the
basic requirements of
World class infrastructure that
can provide world class
World Class Infrastructure has its
specific Performance Standards.
It leverages the present investment to
give returns beyond normal results.
It is very flexible and expandable
according to the need.
It improves the quality of life and
maximize common people
It always find out a way to maintain a
perfect balance among all its
components with best output.
Understanding of system.
A consistent commitment.
Positive attitude towards problems
Risk taking abilities.
But world class infrastructure
STRONG INFRASTRUCTURE IS THE BASIC NEED
Infrastructure is what makes a city livable. And an ideal City brings to you a world of amenities where
pleasure and peace becomes a way of life. Be it an efficient system of water treatment plant and supply
networks or the eco-friendly surroundings or Electricity Sub-Station or garbage disposal system, there
have taken great care of every aspect of your convenience to ensure complete satisfaction and create an
atmosphere of belongingness and blessings.
The building block
for providing basic
CHANGES WE WISH TO BRING
our concept is to provide the cities casts urban performance as a function of the complex interplay between
systems composed of infrastructures, capital, assets, behaviour, and cultures ,spanning the economic, social,
technological, and environmental.
Overall welfare and present urban
condition will actually improve and increased in
almost every dimension that we can think of:
Common people involvement
Reduction in poverty
access to services like
And facilities like-
Singtel – City-wide Tourist Wi-Fi Network,
And finally complete city management
will be present in every single city of
The ongoing process
of urbanisation and technical change will bring
many new challenges, including many that
cannot be foreseen today. We will certainly need
to learn how to manage their infrastructure
needs, both physical and social. We will need to
focus more than even before on the soft parts of
urban needs connected with health, education
and the provision of urban amenities.
According to estimates
by the government an estimated 50 per cent of the
population (about 700 million people) will be
living in cities by 2025. That means, the
government and other stakeholders face the
daunting task of providing world class
infrastructure facilities, connectivity, utilities and
access to basic/civic amenities for all denizens .
Since the central government and states alone
cannot shoulder the responsibility due to financial
and resource constraints, the role of private sector
hence becomes crucial.
United Nations study(1995).
Urbanisation and Globalization in the Twenty First Century: Emerging Challenges.
Ministry of housing and poverty alleviation Government of India.
Demographics of India- Wikipedia
Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission