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  1. 1. FUTURE CITIES: Ensuring world class civic amenities in urban India Team details Jitendra Kumar(team coordinator Hanendra Pratap Singh Dikshant Agarwal Chirag goel Akshay Kumar Saini
  2. 2. URBANISATION : ISSUE THAT NEED TALKING URBANISATION SCENARIO  According to the 2011 Census, the urban population grew from 286 million in 2001 to 377 million in 2011.  The number of one million plus cities grew from 9 in 1971 to 35 in 2001 and may rise shortly to 47 such cities.  According to estimates by the government an estimated 50 per cent of the population (about 700 million people) will be living in cities by 2025. 3 basic things to know  Where are we coming from?  Where are we today?  Where are we going in the future? In simplest words urbanisation is a process in which physical growth of urban areas increases either due to migration from rural areas or due to global change or any other action. before starting let us first try to understand some basic terms which are highly important for this presentation.  Urban  Urban areas  Civic amenities
  3. 3. According to ministry of urban development report published in 2010 on cities pointed out lack of civic amenities and infrastructure-  A recent rating on sanitation by ministry of urban development reveals that 190 out of 423 municipalities in India are on a brink of environmental disaster.  4861 out of 5161 cities/towns in India do not even have a partial sewerage network.  Less than 20% of road network is covered by storm water drains according to –MoUD, Government of India(2010b).  Only 21% of the waste water generated is treated compared with 57% in South Africa.  The motor vehicle population in India has increased 100 times from 1951 to 2004 ,while the road network has expanded only eight times. PRESENT CIVIC INFRASTRUCTURE SCENARIO The facilities provided by the governments and municipal corporations for common people are called civic amenities. Examples: water supply, electricity, roads. bridges, railways, roadways, and likes... the utilities that are used by the masses / public. Before we discuss anything here is a statement of a person who basically handles all the urban related issues and most probably know about the current India’s urban situation better than any of us. “Indian cities are likely to house over 600 million people and account for 70 per cent of the county's GDP over the next decade but they have grown faster than the infrastructure required to support them” , said Union Minister for Urban Development Kamal Nath at the INDIA TODAY Best City Awards 2013 in New Delhi on February 22. If we try to understand this statement of honourable minister and the given scenario of indian present civic infrastructure it is very clear that we are having troubles in providing the basic and world class amenities . WHERE WE STAND
  4. 4. The reasons for slow urban development include policy biases against replacement of labor with industrialization, location of industries in urban areas, and urban concentrations. Other mazor reasons for slow growth in urban areas are as follows: Inappropriate Technology Choice in Industry Inadequate Increase in Rural Productivity Labour Legislation and Small Industries Reservations Location Restrictions on Industries Urban Infrastructure Investment PROBLEMS AS WE SEE THEM  Housing  Urban water supply and sanitation.  Public transport.  Education  Waste disposal  Security  Electrical power, employability, women safety, good environment and many others etc.
  5. 5. HOUSING What to do and how? Barriers in implementing Current scenario o Ideally, slums should be cleared and modest housing apartment buildings constructed by the government to accommodate all the slum dwellers. o Preferably the flats should be leased out at affordable rents to the occupants. This way the slum dwellers remain in the area where they used to live and the linkages among the residents retained. o With so much hike in market it is almost impossible to provide flats for people living at slums at an low price in the cities like Mumbai , Bangalore etc. o The most important problem in all cities has been housing ,the sudden and large scale influx of migrants from rural areas to urban areas especially the metropolises and state capitals. o Due to lack of housing, in every city almost fifty percent population live in slums.
  6. 6. o There should be proper means of water harvesting which can be used to restore the water which after suitable processes can be used for drinking purpose. o And water harvesting must make compulsory in all states like it is in Tamilnadu. o Pipelining of drinking water supply must be check frequently so that if any problem occurs it can be removed thus minimizing the water wastage. o Proper caring and management of such a big system in big cities is really a very heavy job to do and great caring is needed. o In India where there is no understanding and proper co-operation between different working society it is almost impossible to handle this type of problems until there is a proper attitude toward working as a collective team. o With the continuous increase in the urban population another problem related to drinking water supply and sanitation comes into existence. o According to the 54th round of National Sample Survey (NSS) an estimated of around 20-25 percent households do not get drinking water properly almost all the time. o In big cities like Mumbai there is need of bringing water from rural areas resulting in the Lack of supply for even the people of those rural areas. Current scenario What to do and how? Barriers in implementing URBAN WATER SUPPLY & SANITATION
  7. 7. o Metro rail systems are being set up at great cost for mass rapid transportation this network must increase and developed in all cities. o The way forward is to restrict severely individual transport and increase manifold public transport both by road and rail. o Public transport must be made much more efficient, regular, punctual, attractive and adequate. Then the need for individual transports will go down and the state would be able to put severe restrictions on use of individual transport as is being done in Singapore. o For proper public transport we need wider and proper roads and bridges but due to increase in population space availability is becoming a big issue. o Strict rules and laws are needed to increase public transport and reduce individual vehicles , but in our country where rules or system has no value and anyone can break them on the power of money whenever they want it is a lot to do. o Another major problem faced by people in urban areas is the lack of adequate public transport. o Pedestrians and slow moving vehicles do not get sympathetic treatment either by the authorities or the other road users. Current scenario What to do and how? Barriers in implementing PUBLIC TRANSPORT
  8. 8. o Recycling the solid waste material and converting much of it into usable products seems to be the best and only available solution at current time. o it would greatly revolutionize the civic amenities provision if a method can be invented to dispose of this waste at the site where it is generated. o Most forms of recycling are little more than waste disposal, particularly if petrochemicals and other toxics are involved. o Mobile phones usually have a short life of around 3-4 years without that much of harm but in developing countries like India where recycling is very costly we use them for far longer period resulting in new harms. o Another big problem that has arisen in cities has been the enormous amount of solid waste generated. In a city like Bengaluru the solid waste generated daily is estimated to be around 5000 tons. The collection, transportation and disposal of this huge quantity of solid waste is posing serious problems to the municipality o A new type of hazardous waste has come up in recent years, namely electronic waste. Unserviceable cell phones, their accessories, other electronic goods, are being thrown away indiscriminately Their disposal is going to become a very serious problem in due course. Current scenario What to do and how? Barriers in implementing WASTE DISPOSAL
  9. 9. SOLUTION AT VERY BASIC As we cope with the kind of urban growth expected, it is of the utmost importance that city governance and management is made much innovative, flexible and responsive. We need intelligent urban governance since problems keep changing and need dynamic responses. Urban management needs to become much professional and attractive so that the next generation of urban managers are the best and brightest. We do believe that the best strategy for making Indian urban areas world class we need to- Make the city economy vibrant. Promote employment growth Take care of education Take care of health Take care of clean water &sanitation Equalise public spaces Provide security Reduce barriers to entrepreneurial entry Take care of housing and public transport But the very basic need is of Providing the best infrastructure model
  10. 10.  It is a system build of basic and different components.  It works as a catalyst for the growth of the system(country).  It is technology based but with a great care of aesthetics.  It is visible, invisible and experimental which are the basic requirements of infrastructure. World class infrastructure that can provide world class amenities  World Class Infrastructure has its specific Performance Standards.  It leverages the present investment to give returns beyond normal results.  It is very flexible and expandable according to the need.  It improves the quality of life and maximize common people involvement.  It always find out a way to maintain a perfect balance among all its components with best output.  Management  Vision and  Understanding of system.  A consistent commitment.  Positive attitude towards problems and changes.  Risk taking abilities. But world class infrastructure need something STRONG INFRASTRUCTURE IS THE BASIC NEED Infrastructure is what makes a city livable. And an ideal City brings to you a world of amenities where pleasure and peace becomes a way of life. Be it an efficient system of water treatment plant and supply networks or the eco-friendly surroundings or Electricity Sub-Station or garbage disposal system, there have taken great care of every aspect of your convenience to ensure complete satisfaction and create an atmosphere of belongingness and blessings. INFRASTRUCTURE The building block for providing basic amenities……….
  11. 11. CHANGES WE WISH TO BRING our concept is to provide the cities casts urban performance as a function of the complex interplay between systems composed of infrastructures, capital, assets, behaviour, and cultures ,spanning the economic, social, technological, and environmental. Overall welfare and present urban condition will actually improve and increased in almost every dimension that we can think of:  Income growth  Common people involvement  Reduction in poverty  Housing  Equality and  access to services like  electricity  water  sanitation  education  health And facilities like-  Delhi metro  Singtel – City-wide Tourist Wi-Fi Network, Like Singapore  And finally complete city management will be present in every single city of our country. The ongoing process of urbanisation and technical change will bring many new challenges, including many that cannot be foreseen today. We will certainly need to learn how to manage their infrastructure needs, both physical and social. We will need to focus more than even before on the soft parts of urban needs connected with health, education and the provision of urban amenities. According to estimates by the government an estimated 50 per cent of the population (about 700 million people) will be living in cities by 2025. That means, the government and other stakeholders face the daunting task of providing world class infrastructure facilities, connectivity, utilities and access to basic/civic amenities for all denizens . Since the central government and states alone cannot shoulder the responsibility due to financial and resource constraints, the role of private sector hence becomes crucial.
  12. 12. References  United Nations study(1995).  Urbanisation and Globalization in the Twenty First Century: Emerging Challenges.  Ministry of housing and poverty alleviation Government of India.  Demographics of India- Wikipedia  Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission