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  1. 1. North East Profile • Extraordinarily diverse mosaic of ethnic groups. • Richly endowed with bio-diversity, hydro-potential, minerals like oil and natural gas, coal. • Over 10 per cent of forest products requirement in the country are met from this region only. • The region has a very high potential to generate hydropower. Arunachal Pradesh alone is expected to generate 2,67,474 MW i.e. 30 per cent of the total available in the country. • Varied geo-climatic condition, the region is ideally suited for horticulture, floriculture and other plantation crops. • Largest tea producer in the country contributing over 95 per cent of the total production.
  2. 2. Problems Poor Geo- political condition of the region Poor Governance Inadequate use of Resources Poor Infrastructure Unorganized Handloom Sector Unemployment • Government machinery is on the brink of collapse. • Corruption, squandering of public funds. • Deteriorating law and order. • Lack of transparency and accountability. • Discontent & widespread criticism. • Public uprising either for sovereignty or for separate homeland. • Kidnapping, extortion, killing, bandh, strikes and curfews affecting growth. • Geo-political condition, including ever-deteriorating law and order, which has a lot of implication on the development of must needed infrastructure. • Lack of FDI inflow in the region. • Inter-state conflict. Major Problems • Inadequate Export Logistics. • Lack of Finance. • No degree level textile college and no silk Institute. • Non availability of quality yarn ,no brand. • Border Infiltration leading to increase in population. • Underdeveloped Private Sector. • Harnessing the full potential of the tea industry. • Only 3.4% Utilization of available land resources. • Inefficient use of Hydroelectric power resources.
  3. 3. Recommendations Strength •Home of All 4 types of silk. •60% of country’s total weavers. weakness •No degree level textile college and no silk Institute. •Non availability of quality yarn ,no brand. Opportunity •International Border and No major competition. •Export Trade can help increase potential to create a Brand name for home-grown products •Government of India Assistance and products non Taxable. Threats •Scattered and Unorganized sector ,man Power Retention •Hard labor and Low Income, low earning per unit space. 1. Approval of concept by officer incharge. 2. Sub Committee members 3.Selection of weavers from each state by sub committee. 4.Construction of the Village /Hub. 5.Production Setup. 6.Finishing/ Quality check /Packaging. 7.Quality linked Pricing. 8.Participation in International Exhibition with a brand. 9.Buyers sellers meet outside the state/ country. 10.Inviting Buyers to the HUBVillage. 11.Business Deal 12.Building Long term relationship. Rural Enterprise Model
  4. 4. Proposal-To develop a microfinance organization and community development Bank. • To Promote financial independence by giving micro-credit loans to the impoverished without collateral. Objective • Loans provided are better than charity to tackle poverty: they offer people the opportunity to take initiatives in business or agriculture, which further provide employment opportunities and revenue. Principle Belief • Belief that people have endless potential, and unleashing their creativity and such initiatives help them tackle poverty and ultimately lead to prosperity in the region. Govt.Initiative •RBI can ask well established Banks in the region to promote this model. •Money lend by RBI at lower Repo Rates than market rate. •Land would be leased to banks at lower rates. Identification of cells or region •A special research team set out to explore regions in each of 8 states in north east India to Identify high-growth opportunities. •Personal Interaction with people will help build trusty-worthy relations.
  5. 5. • Once a neighborhood is identified a bank is setup for that neighborhood • Targeting region with population of (20,000-1,00,000)with a target customers of around 5000. • There will be Seven to ten employees per Bank which Includes- • Branch Manager • Cashier • Adviser/Accountant. • Lobby Manager. • Sales Manager. • Administrative Clerk. • Customer Service Representatives(2 to 4). Bank Setup • Group of 4 to 5 persons. Smaller size helps form a stronger relation ship between individuals and would bail out each other during emergency. • Every group must have at least one women member so that women empowerment would increases and brings diversity within the group. • Money would be paid by each person in the group weekly and the amount to be paid depends on the proposal of work put forward. • Banks would initially not take money for 3 months and just monitor their work closely building a sense of trust among them. • After 3 months if any person or group defaults, then there would be non issue of loans in future or the entire group is penalized. • To prevent non issue of loans if one person is not able to pay then the others can give their share and prevent group from defaulting. Group Based Credit system
  6. 6. 54% 46% North East Region Other Regions Largest Tea Growing and Producing Region • Requires Modernization in techniques of plantation and infrastructure as it is a major source of employment (10.4 %) in the region. • Development of small tea growers which consist of major chunk of tea producers. • Access to modern fertilizers and pesticides for the protection of tea crops and to improve the productivity. • Emphasis on organic processing and cultivation of tea to reduce the amount of pollution, cope with the inadequate power supply and improve the quality of tea . • Effective implementation schemes such as Special Purpose Tea Fund (SPTF) through continuous monitoring by the Central Government. TEA INDUSTRY IN NE REGION Not selling tea at auctions at low prices to large private companies from which they derive huge profits simply by packaging and selling at a much higher price. Carrying out ‘Niche Marketing’ and establishing a brand of its own like “Assam Tea” which is better than it being sold in the name of ‘XYZ Tea’. Packaging tea as per global standards at local or state level with the assistance of Government.
  7. 7. •Investment in irrigation capacity. •Improve fertilizer quality. •Low ground level credit. •“Shifting” Cultivation. •Use agriculture potential to maximize border trade. •Implement Integrated farming system using “pisci culture”. •Need for irrigation to develop production. •Nature of terrain in the region makes irrigation a must for tea & horticulture crop cultivation. •Drip irrigation ensures constant water supply. •Region has a drip irrigation potential of 1M ha. • High dependence on agriculture. • Low levels of modern input • Use of traditional farming techniques. • Lack of farm mechanization. • Low level of productivity. • Poor infrastructure • North East India receives an average rainfall of 2000mm. • Region has a dense network of drainage channels with 7 river basins. • Growing Industrial- Commercial Economy increasing demand of agricultural products. Key Facts Problems SolutionsProspects Agriculture in North East India State Crop Sikkim Orange,Vegetable,Floriculture Assam Tea,Vegetable Nagaland Floriculture,Pineapple,Vegeta ble Meghalaya Pineapple, Floriculture Tripura Rubber, Oil Palm, Vegetable Arunachal Pradesh Kiwi,Orange,Vegetable,Pear,R ubber State Drip(ha) Arunachal Pradesh 613 Assam 300 Meghalaya 16 Manipur 341 Mizoram 124 Nagaland 816 Sikkim 23460 Total 25270 Drip potential for different crops Area Coverage under drip
  8. 8. Tourism: Key Facts 1. Assam boasts of famous wildlife preserves ,Fauna: Great Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros, the largest river island Majuli, (largest river Island in the World). 2. Manipur: The beautiful and seasonal Shirui Lily , Sangai (brow antlered deer) and the floating islands at Loktak Lake are few of the rare things found in Manipur. 3. Cherrapunji in Meghalaya once the wettest place on earth. 4. Arunachal Pradesh is considered to be the "nature's treasure trove“. In spite of the positive points , none of the states in the North East finds itself in the “Share of top 10 states of India in number of foreign/domestic tourist visits in 2011”. Proposed 6 S Model for Tourism  A : SWAGAT(HOSPITALITY)  B : SOOCHNA(INFORMATION)  C : SUVIDHA(FACILIATION)  D : SURAKSHA(SECURITY)  E : SAHYOG(COOPERATION)  F: SANRACHNA(INFRASTRUCTURE)
  9. 9. A CF B E D INITIATIVE RESULT POLICY PLANNING • Five Star Hotel Accommodation: North East Government have their work cut out when it comes to attract Hoteliers to have their five star bases in the States. The same has to proposed, giving the Hoteliers incentives or even providing special economic zones. • Home stays: An Unique concept can be implemented where tourists are provided accommodation in the locals’ houses, which takes the experience of heritage and culture to a whole new level. • Facilities at Tourist Location: Specific care has to be taken to maintain hygiene, sanitation and “Pay and Use” Toilets. Trained Tourism Police: Trained Police force catering to the security of the Tourists have to be deployed. • Co-ordination and Co-operation: All bureaucrats and Councils responsible for tourism has to work in co-ordination. Role clarity at every levels have to be maintained. • Co-operation with other States • Certification of Tourism products and services has to be efficiently done. • Basically the Infrastructure is the role of the Govt. So following steps has to be taken: "A Proper VISION” • Proper Financial Planning • Central Assistance • Strategic Planning • Private Sector Participation. • Timely Information: Tourist Information Centre, Railway Stations, Central Bus Station(ISBT in Guwahati),Major Metropolitan Cities • Positive Involvement of People: Awareness on the part of the people through creation of “Tourism Clubs” actively monitored by Government. • Training: Training of People as Tourist Guides using Government sponsored Training Programs. • Crafting Memorable Experience : Creating Everlasting Experience for the tourists. • Marketing: Focused Marketing efforts has to be directed at the media and Tour Operators. Fund allocation has to be judicious in this regard the role of the Government is very Important. • Building the Brand North East: Brand Slogan should creatively designed in order to portray the right Image . Participation of the Tourism Boards on International Platform also has to be given proper Incentives. • Attractive and Dynamic Websites: The E-commerce should be dynamic. One to One Interaction with International Tour Operators should be organized. 6 S Model
  10. 10. Hydroelectric power in North East Potential Arunachal Pradesh – Future Power House. 43% of India’s Hydro potential. Only 2% utilized Can generate Rs 10,000 Cr every year Problems Indo-China discord Erratic weather Difficult terrain Local insurgency Land acquisition and environment clearance Anti-Dam projects. Possible Solution North east may continue to remain a pipedream, unless the Indian government is able to tame the mighty dragon and push through a clear water sharing agreement for the Brahmaputra. Utilizing the U Bend (called the “Big Bend”)in the Brahmaputra between Tibet (China) and Arunachal Pradesh in India for mega scale hydropower development. Cross border energy trade. Increasing private investments for development of hydropower. State Hydro Power Potential Arunachal Pradesh 50328 Sikkim 4286 Meghalaya 2934 Mizoram 2196 Others 4053 Total 63257
  11. 11. Conclusion  With its rich biodiversity and immense natural resource wealth, the Northeast is a region the country should take pride in.  Certain constraints faced by the NER, both natural and man-made, have contributed to the economic backwardness of this region.  Concerted efforts are warranted to address the issues confronted by the agricultural sector since a substantial share of the population depends on this sector for its livelihood.  A well-focused plan which factors in local strengths must be formulated and implemented to improve farm productivity, promote high-value agriculture, encourage contract farming.  Strengthen rural infrastructure with the help of public private partnership such as roads, hydro-power generation, irrigation structures and communication networks.  The potential of the NER for tourism and to be a major trading hub of the East needs to be judiciously developed to make this region a net contributor to national growth. References  ASCI Journal of Management,2008  Report of the working group on Agriculture Development in Eastern and North Eastern India.  Conflict in Northeast India: Issues, Causes and Concern By Philipp Heimerdinger & Tshering Chonzom.  Report on Northeast India by Fincomindia