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  2. 2. Women in India has always been a topic of concern since ancient times. Though one hand women is regarded aand praised as Goddesses like kali, Dura ,Parvati, but on the other hand society also abuses women in the form of child marriage, female infanticide,sati,sexual harassement,domestic violence and the list is actually endless. Every 26 minute a women is molested in india,every 36 min a rape case is reported in india,every 1 hr 36 min to be precise a women is burned for dowry by her in laws.All these above mentioned statistics have been issued by the government, these are as per the reported no of cases but the reality is more dreadful I know people who take pride over the selection of pratiba patil as the first women president of india or xactly in the name of mayawati,kiran majumdar in order to prove that indian women have attained empowerment. In our country empowerment is still not granted to women but our question is why???In our country empowerment is still not granted to women but our question is why??? Why most of the reputed is and is like Karan bedim were denied promotion to some of the top post which they truly deserved??? In a patriarchal society ,which happen to be Indian society where women are considered as weaker sections of the society. How can anyone claim that women have freedom How can one say that by providing reservation hey are empowering??? Is reservation a compensation for all the hardship that a women has to go through?????
  3. 3. Strengthen opportunities for post-primary education for girls while simultaneously meeting commitments to universal primary education. Guarantee sexual and reproductive health and rights. nvest in infrastructure to reduce women’s and girls’ time burdens. Guarantee women’s and girls’ property and inheritance rights. Eliminate gender inequality in employment by decreasing women’s reliance on informal employment, closing gender gaps in earnings, and reducing occupational segregation. Increase women’s share of seats in national parliaments and local governmental bodies. Combat violence against girls and women. nvesting in the health, education, safety, and economic well-being of adolescents, especially adolescent girls, must also be a priority Strong measures to ensure security and dignity of women in conflict areas would go a long way. Law enforcement agencies must not become tools in the hands of political masters Stringent laws should be implemented to punish the culprits No mercy to the culprit whether he is minor or an adult because its the intensity of crime that matters not the age Appoint Special Commissioners with adequate powers to redress complaints of sexual violence against women Special women cell including loyal and dedicated female officers should be appointed to understand the plight of the victim mparting martial arts skills to girls and women Developing female economic power merits of the proposed solution emale economic power will enhance the "wealth and well-being of nation" Women who control their own income tend to have fewer children, and fertility rates have shown to be inversely related to national income growth. Educated women is more confident, stouthearted and independent Female officer can better understand the victims and will help in efficiently executing the measures Basic amenities provided by government would definitely help improve women health Literacy is a major step towards empowering women ,as said “ an educated women can educate the entire community”
  4. 4. trengthening post-primary education opportunities for girls and that this can be achieved without wavering from the lobal commitments to universal primary education. A number of interventions that have proven effective for increasing girls’ participation in primary school may also pply to post-primary education. These include making schooling more affordable by reducing costs and offering argeted scholarships, building secondary schools close to girls’ homes, and making schools girl-friendly. Additionally, he content, quality, and relevance of education must be improved through curriculum reform, teacher training, and ther actions. Education must serve as the vehicle for transforming attitudes, beliefs, and entrenched social norms hat perpetuate discrimination and inequality. All interventions taken to promote gender equality in education must, herefore, be transformational in nature. nterventions to improve sexual and reproductive health and rights must therefore be a priority and should occur both within and outside the health system. At a minimum, national public health systems must provide quality family lanning services, emergency obstetric care, safe abortion (where legal), post-abortion care, prevention and treatmentlanning services, emergency obstetric care, safe abortion (where legal), post-abortion care, prevention and treatment f sexually transmitted infections (including HIV), and interventions to reduce malnutrition and anaemia. Outside he health system sexuality education programs are needed to lay the foundation for improved sexual and reproductive ealth outcomes. Ultimately, these interventions must be supported by an enabling policy and political environment hat guarantees women’s and girls’ sexual and reproductive rights. Women’s and girls’ ability to participate in educational, productive, and civic activities and thus to empower hemselves economically and politically is often limited by a household division of labour that assigns to women and irls the bulk of the responsibility for everyday household maintenance tasks. For poor women and girls this esponsibility is made more onerous by the underinvestment in public infrastructure that characterizes most low- ncome countries. Three types of infrastructure are particularly critical to reduce women’s time burden: transport, water and sanitation, and energy. ncreasing women’s participation in the design and implementation of infrastructure projects can help to overcome bstacles to access and affordability. This is best illustrated in the sanitation and water sector, where women play key
  5. 5. Ownership and control over assets such as land and housing provide economic security, incentives for aking economic risks that lead to growth, and important economic returns, including income. Yet, women in many countries around the globe are far less likely than men to own or control these mportant assets. Ensuring female property and inheritance rights would help empower women both conomically and socially and rectify a fundamental injustice. Rectifying this injustice will also have other positive outcomes because women’s lack of property has been increasingly linked to development-related problems, including poverty, HIV/AIDS, and violence. Secure tenure to land and home improves women’s welfare. Land and home ownership confer such direct benefits as use of crops and rights to the proceeds thereof and having a secure place to ive. Indirect advantages include the ability to use land or houses as collateral for credit or as mortgage able assets during a crisis. Women’s work, both paid and unpaid, is critical to the survival and security of poor households and n important route through which households escape poverty. Moreover, paid employment is critical o women’s empowerment. In settings where women’s mobility is restricted, increased employment opportunities can improve women’s mobility and enable women to seek and access reproductiveopportunities can improve women’s mobility and enable women to seek and access reproductive health care. It can also expose them to new ideas and knowledge and broaden the community with which they engage. Gender quotas and reservations are an effective policy tool to increase women’s representation in political bodies. Although no single intervention will eliminate violence against women, a combination of nfrastructure, legal, judicial, enforcement, education, health, and other service-related actions can ignificantly reduce such violence and ameliorate its negative consequences.
  6. 6. omprehensive sexuality education within schools and community programs. are services (for children, the elderly, the sick, and people with disabilities) to allow women to work. raining to female candidates in elections at the local, regional, and national level. iolence against women through awareness campaigns and education, hotlines, and neighbourhood support groups. trengthening national women’s machineries through increased budgetary allocations and staffing of ministries of women’s affairs and gender focal points in other ministries. Undertaking institutional reform through sensitization programs to train judges, bureaucrats, land registration fficers, and police officers. nvesting in data collection and monitoring activities to track gender outcomes.
  7. 7. Making it Happen his report describes practical actions that can be taken within each strategic priority to bring about gender equality and empower women. Within and cross sectors, within institutions, and in different country and community contexts, different combinations of these actions have been implemented and hown positive results. The problem is not a lack of practical ways to address gender inequality but rather a lack of change on a large and deep enough scale o bring about a transformation in the way societies conceive of and organize men’s and women’s roles, responsibilities, and control over esources. Essential for that kind of transformation are: olitical commitment by and mobilization of a large group of change agents at different levels within countries and in international institutions who seek to mplement the vision of the world. echnical capacity to implement change. nstitutional structures and processes to support the transformation, including structures that enable women to successfully claim their rights. dequate financial resources. ccountability and monitoring systems. Commitment and mobilization of change agents he first ingredient of transformation requires a critical mass of change agents committed to the vision of a gender equitable society. These change agents nclude leaders at all levels of government who control critical levers for change — financial and technical resources — and set the priorities for actions ffecting the lives of many. To be effective, government leaders must work in partnership with civil society institutions, especially organizations that epresent women’s interests. Simultaneously, there must be a critical mass of change agents at the international level in the institutions that provide support o national governments and civil society organizations in implementing changes necessary for a gender-equitable society. Technical capacity Achieving gender equality and bringing about women’s empowerment also requires technical expertise and knowledge of how o mainstream gender into development policies and programs. At the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women the worldo mainstream gender into development policies and programs. At the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women the world ommunity endorsed gender mainstreaming as a key institutional response for promoting gender equality and empowering women. Gender mainstreaming is not an end in itself but a means to the goal of gender equality. It is both a technical and a olitical process, requiring shifts in organizational culture and ways of thinking, as well as in the structures of organizations and n their resource allocations. As a technical tool, mainstreaming can be effective only if supported by a strong political or legal mandate. Gender mainstreaming is often compromised by a lack of conceptual clarity about the meaning of gender and by the ssumption that certain policy areas, such as infrastructure development or macroeconomic measures, are in principle gender eutral. Such conceptual confusion can be clarified through gender analysis and gender training. Gender analysis involves athering and examining information on what women and men do and how they relate to each other. Gender training builds apacity to use the information from gender analysis in policy and program development and implementation. An unfortunate consequence of training a broad range of professionals is the elimination or downgrading of specialized gender nits and professionals. Because mainstreaming requires a shift of responsibility for promoting gender equality to all personnel, specially managers, gender specialists are perceived as being no longer needed. In fact, the reverse is true: gender mainstreaming can increase the need for specialist support.
  8. 8. he indicators proposed for tracking are insufficient to track all seven strategic priorities and suffer from several technical hortcomings. . he ratio of female to male gross enrolment rates in primary, secondary, and tertiary education. he ratio of female to male completion rates in primary, secondary, and tertiary education. exual and reproductive health and rights roportion of contraceptive demand satisfied. Adolescent fertility rate. Hours per day (or year) women and men spend fetching water and collecting fuel. roperty rights Land ownership by male, female, or jointly held. Housing title, disaggregated by male, female, or jointly hare of women in employment, both wage and self-employment, by type. Gender gaps in earnings in wage and self-employment. articipation in national parliaments and local government bodies ercentage of seats held by women in national parliament. Percentage of seats held by women in local government bodies. Violence against women revalence of domestic violence. roviding comprehensive sexuality education within schools and community programs. Providing care services (for children, the elderly, the sick, and people with disabilities) to allow women to work. Providing training to female candidates in elections at the local, regional, and national level. Preventing violence against women through awareness campaigns and education, hotlines, and neighbourhood support groups. trengthening national women’s machineries through increased budgetary allocations and staffing of ministries of women’s ffairs and gender focal points in other ministries.
  9. 9. help to bring fundamental transformation in the distribution of power, opportunity, and outcomes for both women . The next 10 years provide a new window of opportunity to take action on a global scale to achieve gender equality ower women, which are critical for meeting all the Millennium Development Goals. Governments and international tions can provide an enabling environment to make this possible. Women’s organizations need the space and s to bring about the societal transformations that remove the constraints, fulfil the potential, and guarantee the rights n in all countries. The recommendations made in this report can pave the way toward that future.
  10. 10. Source of information- internet various books on women empowerment and safety