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  1. 1. Economically: • Limited access to cash and credit ( according to 2012 World Bank study, only 26% of women in India have an account with the formal financial institutions). • Limited access to employment in formal and informal sector ( employment of women in organised sector is less than 8%, in urban areas is only 13.9%, while in rural areas 29.9%. Socially: • Security of women in India • Early marriage ( nearly 60% of married girls bear children before they are 19yrs often deficient in nutrition which directly accounts to 15-20% of all maternal deaths in India. 87% of all pregnant women are anemic) • Disproportionate sex ratio( our current sex ratio is 923 females/1000 males) Politically: • Highly unequal access to political rights( less than 8% of parliamentary seats, less than 6% cabinet positions, less than 4% of seats in high courts and supreme court have been occupied by women. • The average %age of women representation in the parliament, assemblies, and the counsel of ministers taken together has been around only 10%. )
  2. 2. Women Empowerment Economic Factors Microfinance programs Management and decision making Non-Economic Factors 1. Behavioural 2. Communication 3. Mobility
  3. 3. Rattling characterstics of Women Jeopardy: • Lack of Awareness • Illiteracy. • lack of training. • More discrimination between men and women. . India consists of 614.4 million female however crime against women is rising day by day
  4. 4. • Its seen that Kerala is the state that have maximum crime. • Although there is an increase in expenditure on women safety, but the safety rate is falling down.
  5. 5. PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPLEMENTATION 1. Lack of employment •Private sectors organization, business chain work and NGOs could be supported to strengthen the demand for gender sensitive laws regarding inheritance and ownership, and conduct awareness raising programs on woman rights to decent employment. •Other modernity is to support networking and facilitate organization among women. • Government should focus on creation of women empowerment fund which includes: • women entrepreneurs on principles of corporate, savings and credits. • business plan preparation and bookkeeping. • Marketing and technical understanding of income generation package. •Formation of a new committee which will focus on providing funds for employment. Allocation of resources Starting from metropolitan cities to rural areas •Minimum expenditure required is 300Cr. per annum. • the expenditure made should be in the ratio of 7:3 between the Central Government and State Government.
  6. 6. PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPLEMENTATION 2. Lack of housing facilities for single women. •Providing housing facilities to single working women would solve the hindrance of security issues. e.g. By making 50 flats for women or 60 apartments in an area. •Proper sanitation and dinking facilities. • By allocation of funds to various regions based on the following weightage:  75% weightage to single working women  25% to below poverty line women • funding can be allocated on cost sharing basis between the Central and Sate Government in the 75%:25% ratio.
  7. 7. P ROBLEM SOLUTION IMPLEMENTATION Lack of proper health facility and sanitation. • By providing free or lower value iodine to pregnant women, especially in rural sector because: 20% of child’s brain development occurs during pregnancy and iodine is the major component. • Involvement of women in maintenance and development programs especially for the rural areas for providing provision such as, proper drinking water facilities and proper sanitation • Putting up stalls having lower cost iodine in various areas. • By providing proper nutrition to women after the child birth. • Tying up with WHO for proper health facilities. • Government should start dumping system in rural areas.
  8. 8. PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPLEMENTATION Lack of enterprise development, supply chain and marketing practices. • By expanding business relationships with women-owned enterprises, including small businesses, and women entrepreneurs. • By supporting the gender-sensitive solutions to credit and lending barriers. • By asking business partners to respect the company’s commitment to advancing equality. • By respecting the dignity of women in all marketing and other company materials. • By ensuring that the company products, services and facilities provided are not used for human trafficking or labour or any sexual exploitation. Creation of trade union confederation of India that should implement a programme to improve the rights of women market vendors which includes collective bargaining with the municipalities to provide a safe working environment and prevent sexual harassment from customers, promote management training, provide business premises at affordable rates, improve knowledge on legal rights. The women incubator can be set up to benefit female micro and small scale enterprises through a 15cr investment from the Indian government and this would be beneficial around 50 women owned businesses and a result close to 3000 jobs can be created.
  9. 9. PROBLEM •Lack of safety and security issues. SOLUTION • Women should be included in the decision-making when the policies are being created by the Government. In this way, we will be in a better position to fulfil their responsibility to ensure the safety of their residents especially, women and girls. IMPLEMENT ATION •The national Government should adopt women safety audits whereby local women identify safety and security conditions in their neighbourhood, which are incorporated into urban planning. •Government should appoint women communities which shall identify safety risk in ten of the cities’ high-risk slums. •There should be partnership between the UN Women and the States and the local Government organization. In this efforts will focus on collecting local data on female political participation, and expanding successful safe cities activities.
  10. 10. • It would increase women participation in various sectors. • it would increase women access to education, health and justice and will generate jobs sooner. • The crime rate will fall at a big scale. • It helps in promoting equality through community initiatives and advocacy. • Women’s participation in labour force grew faster, the economy will experience the largest reduction and poverty rates. • Women farmers can access the resources they need, their production increases, making it less likely that their families are hungry and malnourished.
  11. 11. Measure to Understand, Understand to Communicate, Communicate to Change.
  12. 12.   %20Education%20and%20Empowerment.pdf  http://www- 11729/Rendered/PDF/multi0page.pdf Book:- half the sky: turning oppression into opportunity for women worldwide  times of india Wikipedia 