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APU2013 APU2013 Presentation Transcript

  • North-East States: Realizing the Potential Team: Rohan, Vachana, Harshal, Pratishtha, Rituparna
  • What is Development?  Constituents of broad based Development  Availability of Preferences for Individual  Generating resources for collective good  Ecological harmony  Involves the question of “Quality” of life  Holistic strategy for development  Primary, Secondary and Tertiary sectors  Simultaneous promotion of these sectors  Creating inter linkages within these sectors  Adopting Region-Specific strategy for Development.
  • North – East India: Limitations and Potentials Obstructive factors of the region • Rugged Topography • Young stage of hydrology • Low-HDI values • Socio-Political problems of Tribes Conducive Factor of the region • Locational proximity to booming ASEAN countries • Scalable mountains • Limited land due to Rich Biodiversity State/Country Rural Urban Combined Disparity Arunachal Pradesh 0.379 0.622 0.411 0.243 Assam 0.33 0.613 0.362 0.283 Manipur 0.404 0.64 0.455 0.236 Meghalaya 0.39 0.671 0.436 0.281 Mizoram 0.473 0.687 0.552 0.214 Nagaland 0.477 0.738 0.515 0.261 Sikkim 0.396 0.571 0.411 0.175 Tripura 0.397 0.656 0.434 0.259 INDIA 0.38 0.584 0.435 0.204 HDI values (2000) View slide
  • Success stories in pockets  Primary Sector  3,000 hectares of Oil Palm cultivation in Mizoram under ISOPOM  Coconut cultivation  1,21,100 hectares in Assam with the yield of 1,630 lakh nuts annually.  The yield in Tripura is estimated at 114 lakh nuts annually from an area of 5,800 hectares.  Horticulture  Minimum income of R1 lakh/acre for orange cultivation in Lohit district(Arunachal Pradesh)  2,000 hectares under turmeric cultivation in Meghalaya (Production 10000 tons annually)  10,000 hectares under ginger cultivation (Production 50000 tons annually)  Successful implementation of MGNREGA in the pockets of Nagaland View slide
  • Success stories in pockets  Secondary Sector(Agro based industries)  Coir board has opened Manas Coir Cluster in Assam and Indranagar Coir Cluster in Tripura  Geotextile production: Special Budget provisions.  Tertiary Sector:  Setting up of a National Institute of Mountaineering & Allied Sports (NIMAS) at Dirang in Arunachal Pradesh  Declaration of National Waterways 6 between Lakhipur and Bhanga of the Barak River. Length:121 km Need: Universalization Holistic approach Recognition of these efforts
  • Potential Game Changers:  Micro-mini hydro energy projects in Arunachal Pradesh  Rubber cultivation and production in Assam  Food processing sector in the region for value addition of local products through vocational training.  Development of inland Waterways  Integration of NW1 and NW2: Creating symbiosis between Eastern states and North Eastern states through waterways.  Capturing the will and endurance of local youth for Sports.  Tapping potential for Eco-Tourism, adventure Tourism, Cultural-tourism  Crating opportunities for Education (including Higher Education) which is judicious mixture of Local skills and Global values.
  • Broad Strategy of Development Strategy for Selecting a Project: Identification of sectors with Forward/Backward Linkages Consideration of Multiplier effects (Including ecological effects) Selection of Project Strategy for implementing a Project: ImplementDefendAnnounce Ensure: Local factors are considered Universalization is achieved in step-wise Ensure: Democratic processes are followed Learning through the past experiences
  • Intervention Strategies Current Structures: • Dedicated ministry • Dedicated allocations • Incentivised initiatives Possible Improvements: • Dedicated executive authority with legal backing • To regulate diverse Projects Innovations: (Pre-conditions for development) 1. Creating a developmental attitude through: • Publication, • mass communication, • focusing on positives 2. Establishing umbrella Authority for development
  • North-East Development Authority Composition: • @Apex Level: Development Experts and Select representatives • @Local Level: Gram Sabha & Village head North-East Development Authority Structure: • Decentralized & Flat • Autonomous but integrated with MODNER • Open Window for suggestion and grievances • Modelling the structure like “Kudumbashree” for SHG based development Functioning: • Co-ordinating and integrating diverse Projects in the region • Encouraging innovations • Invoking Collective feeling and Local leadership • Effective Communication: Internal and External • POSDCORB, monitoring and evaluating
  • Scenario after successful implementation of this strategy North – East in the Mainstream Economic Welfare Social Welfare Political Welfare Ecological Welfare • Sectorial growth • Strong inter linkages • Per Capita • Livelihood Opportunities • Improvement in Education, Health in turn HDI • Preserving the local values • Equity based development • Bridging the gap between common people and Policy makers • Building up of Loyalty and Socio-Political Cohesion • Ecological Harmony Through • Local resources and skill sets • Nurturing the Sensitivity for ecology
  • References: • The Hindu: http://www.thehindu.com/ • PIB: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/mainpage.aspx • Assam Tribune: http://www.assamtribune.com/ • P. Nayak (ed.) Growth and Human Development in North East India, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, pp.151-164.