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  1. 1. Manthan Topic : Boosting Skillsets SDC : Panacea for Contemporary Aspirants A new revolutionary model to bring change at grass root level of education. Team Detail Coordinator – Mr. Prateek Tripathi –B.Tech –CSE ( AMITY UNIVERSITY RAJASTHAN ) Members :- Mr. Sachit Kumar – B.Tech + M.Tech –CSE ( AMITY UNIVERSITY RAJASTHAN ) Mr. Rahul Kumar Jha- B.Tech –CSE ( AMITY UNIVERSITY RAJASTHAN ) Mr. Vaibhav P Zambad -B.Tech –CSE ( AMITY UNIVERSITY RAJASTHAN ) Mr. Nagendra Singh Kushwah –B.Tech –CSE ( AMITY UNIVERSITY RAJASTHAN )
  2. 2. Indian Employment Market : Disparities and Problems A. Indian Graduates : Quantity with Compromised Quality  Only 25% of graduates passing out from technical Institutions are employed each year.  Most colleges lack industry oriented curriculum hence are not able to produce required skilled personnel. B. Lack of Ample Governmental Policies  Employment in various sectors could not be increased due to ineffective government policies.  Manufacturing and agricultural sectors being neglected by policy makers. C. No Efforts being Made at Village and Grass Root Level  Small Scale industries like hand weaving ,pottery , carpet making and many more have got potential but not getting proper encouragement.Employment by Sectors - 2001 to 2015 (Projected) (NSDC Report 2012-17,2017-22) When it Comes to Producing Degree Holders, India Tops, but When it Comes to Generating Employment India Flops
  3. 3. Measures to Address the Problems of Lack of Skills among Youth ACTION AREAS FOR IMPROVING HIGHER EDUCATION (UNIVERSITY/PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION)  Establish a process by which private sector can commercialize research (to increase private investment in Research and Development)  Increase autonomy of existing institutes in the areas of designing academic curriculum, management of infrastructure and faculty with retention  Promote relevance (through modification of curriculum) and quality (upgrade infrastructure and training of teachers, etc.)  Collaboration of educational institutions and corporate sector to promote educational research.  Corporate sector must provide training to students in various colleges of country must before they get graduated.  More exposure to industry would lead to increased employment among youth Corporate sector
  4. 4. Integrating the Effort of Schools , Universities , Small and Big Skill Development Players Schools Universities Vocational training institutes Reasons for choosing the group  Outreach to maximum number of students as provides basic education  Skills developed at school time can later be imparted to other people at various levels  Skills imparted at this level help greatly in increasing market value of student  If vocational skills are added in the university syllabus then students need not to get extra training hence avoiding wastage of time and money  This institutes can help students from poor background who can’t afford college education  Government can collaborate with these institutes by providing subsidy to needy and students with weak background Number Approx. 22 Cr. students enrolled Approx. 1.73 Cr students enrolled About 3.5-4 lac students enrolled Impartable Skills  Compulsory English  Life skills and Social skills  Personality Enhancement  Focus on Practical knowledge • Focus on industry oriented education • Compulsory skill based courses • Impart technical skills to student of all courses such as computer literacy • Industry visit o Web and mobile programming o Paramedical skills o Cooking , Culinary skills o Small entrepreneurial ventures
  5. 5. Roadmap for Synchronizing Efforts of Schools/Universities and Vocational Institute Government (Set up SDCs) Schools Universities SDCs ( Skill Development Centers ) Corporate Sectors Vocational training Institute  All the Vocational training Institute have to take certification from Central SDC.
  6. 6. Skills Development Center : A New Concept in Indian Context Role Management Implementation  To develop trained and skilled youth to provide national workforce  To decentralize the process of skill development  Spread its outreach to even remote areas of country  To balance the ratio of demand and supply of national workforce o Management to be handed over to UGC( University Grants Commission ) o Appointment of central skills development officer and state skills development officer o Periodic audit of performance of these centers by HRD( Human resource Development ) ministry o SDCs must come under the provisions of RTI act 2005 • Government to pass SDC act for enactment across the country • Funding on the basis of public and private partnership • Teachers to be hired from vocational training institutes and retired workforce • Regular input to be taken from corporate and industrial sector for further improvements
  7. 7. Working Of SDC : An Overview Training Delivery Model Curriculum  Medium of instruction : English  Working hours : Weekends for working people and daily for students  Teaching streams of skills : May include cooking , bakery , mobile repairing , industry and IT related skills  Skills assessment : Periodic test and assessment to test industry readiness of students  Practical training : Students must practically implement what is being taught in class  Designing of courses according to courses running in India  Technical and non technical courses will have separate curriculum  Courses to be empowered with online learning , free downloadable eBooks , journals ,videos and launching of a nationwide website for interaction of different students across the country  Regular competition and work shops to be organized in all SDC’s  Guest lectures by eminent personalities utilizing video conferencing
  8. 8. Central SDC (NEW DELHI) City SDC Controller Regional SDC Control Authority Village and Small Areas SDC Controller Various others Educational Institutions Universities and Colleges Organization Of SDC’s :-  Central SDC will control all SDC’s present all over the country . Regional SDC control authority will control the SDC’s which are present in a particular state . It will work under Central SDC . Each City will have one City SDC controller , which will control various universities ,colleges as well as various educational institutions present in the particular city . City SDC will work under the regional SDC control authority.
  9. 9. Totalfundingrequired Organization Cost Logistics Cost Technology Cost Central SDC Chief (1 prs x 6.30 Lakh pa) Regional SDC Chief (30 x 5.25 Lakh Pa) City SDC Chief (1 prs/City x 25000 )* Transportation Cost Establishment Cost Communication Expense Software Hardware INR 1 Cr 64 lac approx. INR 1.5 Cr approx. INR 40 lac approx. SDC Expenditure :- * Here number of City SDC chief and trainer are not included because it will be decided on the basis of population of area and necessity of SDC centers. The cost of trainer and City SDC chief will be excluded from collection of tuition fee given by students . Tuition fee will be decided on area of learning ,Fees will subsidized by Govt. Of India and Universities. Trainer ( 1prs x 20000 ) *
  10. 10. Concept Risk :- • Government and Corporate Sector might not see utility of funding • Generally traditional mentality to go for formal programs • Enrollment ratio in the SDC’s may be low • Foreign and domestic industrial investment is necessary to increase employment in India. Challenges:-  Funding to be provided in the form of training fees  Strong integration with formal education must be there  Awareness programs must be carried out via audio , video and other mediums of communication Impact :-  Would lead to quality workforce , both technically and commercially  Formal education would be integrated with industry oriented training  Employment problem will be dramatically resolve  Youth ( Urban and Rural) would be benefitted  In short it will usher to self dependent ,progressive and shining India SDC Concept and Implementation Risks :-
  11. 11. References :- 1. Forbes India : Indian employment market 2. Reference site : 3. Report of the task force on employment opportunities , Planning commission India ,2001 4. Skill Development in India, The Tribune 5. Entrepreneurship in India , Business World 6. Towards a better India , Outlook India 7. NSDC ( National Skill Development Corporation ) Report