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  1. 1. AGRICULTUREDOES NOT LACK RESOURCES. IT LACKS POLICIES TO ENSURE THAT FOOD IS PRODUCED WHERE IT IS NEEDED AND IN A MANNER THAT SUSTAINS THE LIVELIHOOD OF THE RURAL POOR.  80% of all farmers are small or marginal& work on only 40% of availablecultivable land.  The average size of agricultural land holdings has decreased from 2.3 hectares in 1971 to 1.2 hectares in 2011.  Agriculture employed 70% of the total workforce but contributed only 13% of the GDP.  Scientific & commercial farming are not very successful due to small land holdings. Problem statements:
  2. 2. FUELLING SELF SUFFICIENCY OF AGRICULTURAL SECTOR OF INDIA THROUGH AGRICULTURALREFORMSIN FORM OF AGRICULTURAL CORPORATIONOFINDIA. • A corporationunder Ministry of Agriculture thatwill look after every aspects of agriculture keeping farmer’s interestand agriculturaldemands in mind. Agricultural Corporation of India (ACI) • Largefarms will be developed by land procurement & cultivated accordingto plans developed by ACI. • All investments & resources to be provided by ACI. • Farmerswill be given their shares according to land. Working of ACI • Raised agriculturalproductivity per unit land. • Improvementin Farmer’s condition. • Sustainableproductionusing scientific methods. Benefits Summary of proposed solution:
  3. 3. A CORPORATIONFOR MUTUAL BENEFITS OF BOTH FARMERSAND GOVERNMENT Farmers Government Working in fields as an employee seriously. Following the guidelines of ACI. Invest money and provide resources. Ensure considerable MSP. Provide best scientific assistance to farmers. No risk of crop damage. Salaried employment. Familymembers can work in other sectors. Raised and sustainable agricultural productivity. Expandinginternational trading. Price control in market. A farmer can not sell crops accordingto his will and needs. A farmer can not sell the crops on his own price. A group of farmers can refuse to work accordingly. High capital is involved. Crop damage will lead to a bigloss.
  4. 4. MANAGEMENTAND CORPORATIONSTRUCTURE Ministry of Agriculture Agricultural corporation of India Advisory & Administrative team Human resource team Technical team Financial team Marketing team Administration Asset management team Coordination team Technical team Transportation& storage team Central management team: Regionalorganisation:
  5. 5. FUNCTION OF CORPORATION •Ensuringthe work completion ofindividuals. •Land procurement. •Ensuringoverall plan implementation. Advisory & Administrativeteam •Recruitment ofemployees & planningtheir work. •Managingthe corporation. •Planningthe action schedule. Human resource team •Research & development activities. •Providingproper seeds,fertilisers & machines to farmers. • Ensuringproper & scientificcultivation ofland. Technical team •Maintainingproper investment in each sector. •Maintainingincome statement,cash flowand balance sheet. •Maintainingcapitaluses & loan summary. Financial team •Market research & analysis. •Makingpricingand distribution strategy. •Realisingopportunities. Marketing team
  6. 6. IMPLEMENTATIONOF PLAN Land procurement Land analysis Development of large farms Development of agricultural plan Providing resources Ensuring proper and scientific cultivation Ensuring safety of crops using pesticides Harvesting of crops with minimal post harvesting loss Marketing of products & giving farmers their shares according to land and production
  7. 7. INVESTMENT & PROFIT ANALYSIS: Plan implementation on 2 lac hectares of cultivable land: (crop example is wheat) Productionbefore implementation=560000 tonnes (2.8 tonnes/hectare) (average in India)  Production after implementation=800000 tonnes (4 tonnes/ hectare) (assumed) Share of farmers= ₹ 756 Cr. (560000 tonnes* ₹ 13500/tonne) (Share accordingto previousproduction as farmers are not investing money) Totalinvestmentincludingexpenses on corporation= ₹ 250 Cr. (assumed) Earningfrom sell to PDS= ₹ 68.32 Cr. (112000tonnes* ₹6100/tonne) (only 20% of previousproductionis required for PDS & sell will be at rate fixed government i.e. ₹ 6100/tonne for wheat) Earningfrom sell to market= ₹ 997.6 Cr. (688000tonnes* ₹ 14500/tonne) (average market price) Totalprofit ≈ ₹ 60 Cr.
  9. 9. RISKSAND MITIGATION • Plan implementation on a small scale for checking its sustainability. • Government will invest money, seeing mutual benefits of both farmer & government. High capital involved • Provision of Bail out packages in case of crop failure.Crop failure • A conflict management team to deal with farmers, their small problems and demands. Conflicts between farmers • Maintaining cordial relationship with farmers. • Incentives in case of very good production & fixed salary even in case of crop failure. Reluctance of big farmers
  10. 10. FAR REACHINGIMPACTS OF ACI Impacts:  Food security, agriculture prosperity and increase in GDP share.  Improvement in farmer’s living condition.  Improvement in economic conditionof nation.  Freedom from middlemanand thus products reaching consumers at lower prices. Reach:  Starting from a district/state,the plan will be implemented in most of the parts of country.  The plan affects a wide range people from poor farmers in remote villages to sophisticatedconsumers in metropolitans.  It will help India to bag the developed Indiatag sooner.
  11. 11. References:  Gulati, A. & Jain, S. (2012, December 20). Credit inclusion,farm lease and forming clusters can help small farmers overcome poverty much faster. The Economic Times. Retrieved from farms-farm-output-farm- lease  Agriculture in India  The Nature of Co-operation.Craig, J. G. Black Rose Books, Montreal.1993. (Book)  Sharma, V.P. (2012). AcceleratingAgriculture Growth for Inclusive Development. Vikalpa,37(1). Retrieved from 2011.pdf  Planning Commission, Government of India. (2008). EleventhFive Year Plan (2007-2012). Retrieved from
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