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  1. 1. SOWING PROSPERITY : BOOSTING AGRICULTURE PRODUCTIVITY Presentation by:-  Shekhar Singh  Arpit Kr. Pandey  Ayush Kr. Srivastava  Ayush Pratap  Anshuman Mishra
  2. 2. SOME SALIENT FACTS ABOUT AGRICULTURAL SCENARIO  Agriculture is the largest provider of livelihood in rural India  It contributes 25 percent to India’s GDP  It is still dependent primarily on the monsoons  India ranks second highest worldwide in farm output  India is the largest producer of tea, mangoes, sugarcane, banana, turmeric, milk, coconut, pulses, ginger, cashe nuts, & black pepper.  India is the second highest producer of wheat, rice, sugar, vegetables, fruits and groundnut and cotton  India accounts for 10 percent of the world’s fruit production  The growth in agricultural production has been stagnant for the past several years.
  3. 3. Sector 2001 2003 2011 Agricult ure 24.7 22.2 17.2 Industry 26.4 26.8 26.4 Service 48.8 51.0 56.4 Year Agricultural and allied products’ share in total exports 2003-04 12.4 2004-05 10.5 2005-06 10.2 Contribution to GDP over the years Agricultural exports share
  4. 4. FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURE  Small and fragmented landholdings  Dependence on the monsoon  Lack of international competitiveness of its produce  Inadequate availability of electricity, fertilizers, irrigation and pesticides  Poor access of the farmers to good roads, market infrastructure, refrigerated transportation of goods  Conversion of agricultural land for residential and other land use purposes.
  5. 5. THE FARMER’S PLIGHT The farmer is trapped in a vicious cycle of Low risk taking ability→ Low investment→ Low productivity→ Weak market orientation→ Low value addition→ Low margin→ Low risk taking ability This situation makes the farmer and the Indian agriculture business globally uncompetitive despite abundant natural resources.
  6. 6. TRADITIONAL AGRICULTURE  Considered `backward’ by the proponents of modern agriculture  Dr John Voelcker, studied Indian agriculture practices and found them scientific  It uses the irrigation system through wells.  Farmer’s used to fallow their farm to restore it’s fertility.  The ploughing and tilling retains the moisture of soil  Mixing of soil with clay is done to grow other crops  Weeding done by hand  Traditional farms are small and farmers depend upon their own labor  Environment friendly
  7. 7. MODERN FARMING  Reduces soil fertility  Artificial fertilizers used  Deep ploughing by tractors results in soil erosion and loss of porosity  Extensive use of pesticides  Less biodiversity as farms are monoculture, growing the same crop and crop variety  Exotic and hybrid varieties are grown and indigenous plant existence is threatened  The food is contaminated with the chemicals used to produce it
  8. 8. GOVERNMENT POLICY a) India is developing country and farmers have not enough to envestment b) In india an average farm is about to 2.3 hectares c) India uses poor technology d) Indian farmers suicide due to hunger and poverity e) indian farmers struggle a lot due to lack of facility and irrigation f) India mostly depends on rain water for irrigation g) Indian economy is not so good and its depend on others a) USA is an developed country and farmers are wealthy and rich. b) In USA an average farm is about 250 hectares c) USA uses an advanced technology d) In USA it is not so. e) USA farmers have a continuos system of irrigation. f) USA has an advance system of irrigation. g) USA economy is very good. In INDIA In other countries
  9. 9. STEPS FOR SOWING PROSPERITY IN INDIA  Economy should be large & stable.  Technical Taining of farmers at regular interval  Electrifying & transport facility should be adequate & easily available  Storage capacity of grains should be increased  Factory should be setup at bare lands instead of fertile lands.  Muavza should be given to farmers for accidental loss  Award for farmers should be initiated  Canals should be interconnected .  Organic farmic should be used.
  10. 10. AND IN CONCLUSION  Change is happening in rural India but it has still a long way to go  Agriculture has benefited from improved farming techniques but the growth is not equitable  Land use is changing in rural areas as farmers are getting good value for their holdings.The effort should be to stop the migration to urban areas  The Govt, the planners have to step up efforts to make a positive and equitable difference in the lives of the farmers’ and make agriculture occupy a pride of place in the nation’s economy.