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  • 1. CLEAN DRINKING WATER & SANITATION
  • 2. ONLY 84% HAVE ACCESS TO SAFE DRINKING WATER  1.8 million people die every year from diarrhoeal diseases.  Only 18.7% of villages have safe water supply while 51.1% depends on wells, tanks and other sources. 32% of the villages do not have any water supply  44 million are affected by degraded water quality with the excess of fluoride, arsenic, iron, nitrate, heavy metals and salinity  girls not urinating during school hours due to poor toilets,are prone to urinary,kidney & other helath problems.  Inadequate sanitation costs India Rs.2.4 trillion National Commission for Integrated Water Resource Development (NCIWRD) estimated : India is going to become “Water stressed” by the year 2025 and “water scarced” by 2050.  80% of the urban sewage goes in water bodies..!! contd…… Sources loading phosphates to waterways Animal feeds Others Detergents Fertilisers  Provision of clean drinking water Constitutional priority * ARTICLE 47
  • 3.  Industries : 70% of the industrial wastes are dumped untreated into water bodies.  Overpopulation : Causes spread of communicable diseases and epidemics and exploitation of the few water resources in the overpopulated area.  Urbanization : Urban lifestyle like showers, bath tubs, washing machines etc consume a lot of water.  Lack of toilets : Only 11% Indian rural families dispose child stools safely. 80% stools are left in the open or thrown in garbage. Only 6% of rural children less than 5 yrs of age get chance to use toilets.  Poor maintenance : 12 gallons of water is wasted everyday from a dripping tap..!!!  Lack of awareness : People don’t use water judiciously and take this resource for granted. Poverty : About 46 per cent of India's people are living in absolute poverty, devoid of basic water sanitation facilities. Non-judicious use of money by govt. : Despite of increasing investment in water and sanitation there is no Scope of the problem  Urban and rural India is affected to nearly same extent  3.41 million people die from water, sanitation and hygiene- related causes each year  14.2 per cent of houses do not have a bathroom, 4.6 per cent of the population bathe in enclosures without a roof.  53.6 per cent of households have no drainage system for bathrooms and 21.2 per cent have open drainage.  More than 3x people in India lack water than live in the United States..!!! MAJOR CAUSES OF WATER-RELATED PROBLEMS AND REASONS FOR CONSIDERING THEM significant improvement in water supplies and sanitation facilities.
  • 4. YOUTH BE THE ADMINISTRATION Implement a LAW Utilize the number of grooming and growing colleges. • Assign every 500m area around every college to it. • Volunteers from every college compulsory get assigned in task.  Volunteers get certificates from central government. **VOLUNTEERS FOR WASH (WATER AND SANITATION HYGIENE) • *Money collection. *Initiation and awareness.  Toilet usage .  Proper disposal of waste and water saving techniques.  Handicapped Toilets construction and usage.  Free distribution of sanitary napkins to women.  More than 35% women suffer from infectious diseases due to improper sanitation  Maintaining and construction of proper dustbins in every 300m region.  Water recycling and its implementation.  Assign rag pickers for proper disposal of waste.  Cover latrine and dispose it.  Help in cleanliness of toilets and surrounding.  Take reports about water facilities available , their maintenance, frequency of visits of authorities and submit report.  Unveil the report to gram panchayati or municipal corporations.  Award the college for performance and rate it accordingly. BUT HOW??
  • 5. WE ARE AWAKE!! BUT STILL SLEEPING… • Teaching environmental studies and judicious use of resources till higher classes. • Put emotional images of water scarce and thirsty people near water coolers, taps, etc. WORK AT SCHOOL • Limit water supply or increase water bill after a limited supply • Fine/Ban on defecating in open fields. • Implement rain water harvesting as a necessary task. MIDDLE CLASS WORK every $1 invested in water and sanitation, the UNDP estimates a return of up to $9 !
  • 6. WATER TAP DESIGN SUGGESTED TAPS INDIAN TAPS 60% 20 20% = Suggested tap germs attracting power 60% = Indian taps germs attracting power  Implement such tap designs in public places.  SENSOR  Technically proficient engineers place germ sensor at water tap/public toilets so that proper replacement , cleaning take place.Rain Water Harvesting  Enforce law/ Necessity.  Assign professionals to implement this thing in every house.  Assist a technically trained staff to judge whether particular harvesting structure is technically feasible or not.  A single body to monitor rain water harvesting projects at national and sub-levels.  Add riders like providing a certain of municipal supply of water and having rest augmented by harvested rainwater. Irrigation project Underground pipes to increase water level to enhance irrigation.
  • 7. INTERNSHIP PROGRAMME because…An idea can change your COUNTRY.. *Provide internships in water and cleanliness related projects under government. Types of projects  Training the internees about making better water purifiers, enhancing water supply systems.  Household sanitation .  Better technical skills to amateur.  Training how to keep a track of progress in an area using survey feedbacks.  Develop management skills of youth. Technical Management  Using super sand to clean water.  Atmospheric water gases.  Large scale solar stills.  Portable rain water harvesting. Technical water solar purifiers SEWAGE WATER Reverse Osmosis CLEAN WATER A1 A2 A1 A2
  • 8. UNION TERRITORY CENTRAL GOVT. STATE GOVT. COLLEGE VOLUNTEERS A1 A3 AnA2 WORK IN PROGRESS (MONEY ,AWARENESS,REPORTS GENERATION ETC) PUBLIC FEEDBACK 3Lacs for 1000lph. Maintenance( steel +plastic +carbon filtration + membrane) Funds…HOW MUCH AND FROM WHERE ?? Volunteers and students. College administration. Gram panchayat and nagar palikas and municipal corporations. State government and central government.  sub-urban and urban people . Reverse osmosis expenses…. Installation *Rs.20000 to Rs.30000 plus including installation costs, depending on tank size. RWH EXPENSES. Cost is for existing building
  • 9. Factorsincreasing.. Factorsdecreasing* •Increase in youth employment •Increase in school going girls •Increase in ground water levels•Decrease in no. of water borne diseases •Decrease in water scarcity •Decrease in pollution level of water bodies •Decrease in no. of infections in women •Decrease in maternal birth- related trauma •Decrease in no. of droughts and floods Diseases are caused due to water infection…Student attendance is major factor… No = 88% Yes = 10% Don’t know = 2%
  • 10. •No investment by rural and poor people. •Mass employment and channelizing the youth energy will be done. •Youth – a major part of nation’s population and the best human resource with innovative ideas and dedication - is involved at the basic level in the plan. •RWH will provide economic opportunities to rural communities. •RWH and volunteer program improves sanitation and brings girls back to classroom. •Consistent “Volunteer program” will be far more effective as compared to occasional camps, campaigns and programs. •Judicious use of every possible resource & technology will be done. •Economy will boost to a very high level. •There is minimum possibility of corruption since the program is under private sector and in youth’s hands and there will be receipts of every investment being made. Helpline numbers to solve public grievances monitored by private companies. •Gender & caste discrimination will diminish. •Easy germ-level detection in modern taps. For the people By the people… From the people… WIN-WIN SOLUTION SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IS THE URGENT NEED……..AND we are providing it…!!
  • 11. “Fraud is the biggest challenge before the National economy. Concentrated efforts are required on part of corporate and regulators to tackle this menace. “ Mr. S. K. Bansal , President, ACFE ,(India Chapter) CHALLENGES MITIGATION Pressurize the govt. to act and invest. Nodal body at centre implement and monitors RWH and REVERSE OSMOSIS PROCESS. Awareness through media celebrities. Artificial RAIN. Poor maintenance of infrastructure. Denial of government to the proposed projects. High expenditure on RWH and REVERSE OSMOSIS PROJECTS. Non-cooperation by privileged classes. Myths and rituals pose a great challenge. Corruption , involvement of middle men, corrupt officers.
  • 12. REFERENCES • THE TIMES OF INDIA,THE HINDU,LIVE MINT & THE WALLSTREET JOURNAL. • ISP(INDIA SANITATION PORTAL),WIKIPEDIA • http://www.charitywater.org, http://censusindia.gov.in • http://www.wsp.org, http://www.unhcr.org • http://www.healthyindia.org,http://www.arlingtoninstitute.org • http://indiawater.gov.in, http://www.shareresearch.org • http://www.rainwaterharvesting.org/,http://www.wateraid.org/ • http://www.indiawaterportal.org/ • Google images