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    5AVIER5 5AVIER5 Presentation Transcript

    • Raj Bhuvan Chauhan Praveen Kumar Prashant Dwivedi Sarvesh Kumar Gautam Virendra Prajapati T H E S A V I E R S GROUP DETAILS:
    • AGRICULTURAL RUN OFF INDUSTRIAL WASTE CITY SEWAGE OIL SPILLS 39% 12%10% 39% AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY CITY POWER COOLING 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 IMPROVED WATER SUPPLY IMPROVED SANITATION URBAN RURAL TOTAL
    • Progress in access to improved drinking water sources shows different patterns across quintiles, but in all countries the poorest have the lowest level of service. In India, progress in access to improved drinking water sources has been equity neutral. Coverage levels have increased significantly across all quintiles. The majority of the richest quintile, however continues to use piped water on premises, whereas an increasing number of the poorest rely on boreholes with handpumps.
    •  Fertilizers & Pesticides used in crops due to rain goes into rivers.  Animals waste dumped into rivers.  Pollutants go down into the groundwater makes it dirty.  Toxic chemicals from industries are dumped directly into the nearby rivers and lands openly.  Toxic and waste materials used by industries are thrown in rivers making water dirty.  Humans making excess use of water.  Taking bath in rivers by both humans & animals especially by pandits & pujaries. SOURCES Urban streets Suburban development Wastewater treatment plant Rural homes Cropland Factory Animal feedlot POINT SOURCES HOW DOES WATER GET AFFECTED DUE TO THE ABOVE MENTIONED SOURCES
    • MAJOR WATER POLLUTANT AND THEIR SOURCES •
    • Reducing Water Pollution through Sewage Treatment
    •  Plant trees to prevent soil erosion  Prevent groundwater contamination  Greatly reduce nonpoint runoff  Reuse treated wastewater for irrigation  Find substitutes for toxic pollutants  Work with nature to treat sewage  Practice four R's of resource use (refuse, reduce, recycle, reuse)  Reduce resource waste  Reduce air pollution  Reduce poverty  Reducing water pollution requires preventing it, working with nature to treat sewage, cutting resource use and waste, reducing poverty, and slowing population growth.  Drainage Area Management Plans  1987 Water Quality Act  Strictly regulating hazardous waste disposal  Storing hazardous materials above ground  Do not drink bottled water unless tests show that your tap water is contaminated. Merely refill and reuse plastic bottles with tap water  Do not use water fresheners in toilets  Do not pour pesticides, paints, solvents, oil, antifreeze, or other products containing harmful chemicals down the drain or onto the ground  Reservoirs and purification plants  Process sewer water to drinking water  Expose clear plastic containers to sunlight (UV)  Nano filters  Exposing to heat and UV rays  Fine cloths to filter water  Add small amounts of chlorine
    •  Water supply and sanitation is a State responsibility under the Indian Constitution. States may give the responsibility to the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRI) in rural areas or municipalities in urban areas, called Urban Local Bodies (ULB).At present, states generally plan, design and execute water supply schemes (and often operate them) through their State Departments (of Public Health Engineering or Rural Development Engineering) or State Water Boards.  Access to improved water supply exists if at least 40 liters/capita/day of safe drinking water are provided within a distance of 1.6 km or 100 meter of elevation difference, to be relaxed as per field conditions. There should be at least one pump per 250 persons.  Access to improved water supply exists if at least 40 liters/capita/day of safe drinking water are provided within a distance of 1.6 km or 100 meter of elevation difference, to be relaxed as per field conditions. There should be at least one pump per 250 persons.  improving water availability and safety would be small decentralized distillation units, an especially attractive approach in places where infrastructure and distribution problems are severe  Technological solutions to the world’s water problems must be implemented within systems that recognize and address these inequities.  MIT researchers have come up with a new approach using a different kind of filtration material: sheets of graphene, a one-atom-thick form of the element carbon, which they say can be far more efficient and possibly less expensive than existing desalination systems. Read more at MIT News: http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/201 2/graphene-water-desalination-0702.html
    •  (including UNICEF publications, co- publications with partners, and publications financed by UNICEF)  Assessing the Sustained Uptake of Selected Point of- Use Water Treatment Methods in Emergency Settings  Code of Practice for Cost-Effective Boreholes  JMP 2010 Report: Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water  JMP regional snapshots (see Section 7)  Global Handwashing Day: Assessing the impact of GHD activities  Global Handwashing Day: 100 school survey  Global Handwashing Day: Resource disk  Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage: Field Note  Raising Clean Hands: Call to Action for WASH in Schools  Raising Clean Hands: Communication strategy  Smart Hygiene Solutions  Soap Stories and Toilet Tales (GHD Edition)  Tales of shit: Community-Led total Sanitation in Africa  Toolkit for Professionalization of Manual Drilling in Africa Selected UNICEF-supported WASH technical and capacity building publications, 2010
    • LEGISLATIVE LAWS, PROGRAMMES ACTS….. THAT ARE BEING FOLLOWED HUMANMOVEMENTS ORGANISATIONS GOVERNMENT Water Quality Improvement Act of 1970 • --control of oil pollution; work to eliminate acid mine drainage, pollution of Great Lakes CLEAN WATER ACT OF 1972 • --billions of $ to clean up nation’s waters; modern sewage treatment plants—huge affect Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 2002, 2003, March, 2005—Clean Water Authority Restoration Act—in response to Supreme Ct. decision Health scientists: strengthen the law Sets maximum contaminant levels for any pollutants that affect human health Need plan to develop “best management practices”. Water-polluting companies: weaken the law Water Quality Act of 1987 • --national policy for controlling nonpoint sources of water pollution Safe Drinking Water Act of 1996 • --risk-based water quality standards, consumer awareness Yamuna Action Plan Service Level Benchmarking (SLB) Program carried out by the Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) in 2006 Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment Ministry of Tribal Affairs Ministry of Women & Child Development Department of Higher Education Department of School Education & Literacy National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) Council for Advancement of People's Action and Rural Technology (CAPART) Central Social Welfare Board (CSWB) Department of Youth Affairs WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation. Clean up the world Save Ganga Movement ,by Gandhian non violent movement Ganga Calling - Save Ganga supported by Indian Council for Enviro-Legal Action (ICELA). Ganga Seva Abhiyanam, Pune- based NationalWomen's Organisation (NWO) LIVE EARTH: Largest global water movement
    • MATTERSABOUTTOPIC Pollution & some solutions, Kaye O’Brien Waste water management- ppt Environment Geology, November 8 Water Pollution, G. Tyler Miller’s, Living in the Environment 14 Edition, Chapter 22 Manual on water supply & Treatment Water conservation- movement in INDIA, Udaipur UNICEF, PDF on drinking water ^"Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality, 4th Edition". World Health Organization. 2011. http://liveearth.org/en/save/water http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_su pply_and_sanitation_in_India Ministry of water resources: REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE FOR DRAFTING OF NATIONAL WATER FRAMEWORK LAW 2013 PICTURES Google Images Bing Images WHO- www.who.int/water_sanitati on_health Drinking Water Equity, Safety and Sustainability: Thematic report on drinking water 2011 RECORDS-STATISTICS http://www.unicef.org/wash/file s/UNICEF_WASH_2010_Annu al_Report_15_06_2011_Final(1) .pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wat er_supply_and_sanitation_in_In dia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wat er_pollution_in_India NGO Partnership System ngo.india.gov.in Drinking Water Equity, Safety and Sustainability: Thematic report on drinking water 2011