2. DEFICIENCY OF NUTRITION
An Indian girl child aged 1-5 years is 75% more likely to die than a male child.
HYPOTHESIS- Girl Childs are still not welcomed and taken stringent care of.
HIGH CRIME RATE AGAINST WOMEN
A women is raped in every 20 minutes in India and ‘women abuse’ constitutes 10% of all crimes in India
HYPOTHESIS- lack of sex education and lenient penalties.
LOW REPRESENTATION IN THE WORKFORCE
Only 29% women represent the workforce whereby they constitute 49% of India’s population.
HYPOTHESIS- traditional thinking, illiteracy and backwardness hinders the success of women.
SECULRISM IN THE RIGHT OF PROPERTY
Only Hindu girls and Hindu women have right to share in property of their father and divorced husband, respectively.
HYPOTHESIS- only Hindu Women’s rights protected
3. The schemes implemented by the Government under Women Empowerment Policy of 2001 should be revived.
Schemes like SABLA should not be restricted by age.
CHIRANJEEVI YOJNA and E-MAMTA project should be imposed nation wide in order to minimize the girl child mortality
Government has schemes which provides for adequate nutrition to the infant female child. The quantity and quality of
nutrition which is to be provided should be checked regularly. This can be done by regular audit . The auditors should be
independent body, appointed by the ministry.
Strict penalties and punishments for female feticide and sex determination tests. This can be done by more conviction of
unregistered clinics rather than just trials.
The PCPNDT Act is not enforced by police; inspections are performed by government officials and non-governmental
organizations. Therefore, staunch political approach is necessary and police force’s inclusion in such cases should be allowed.
Wrongdoers can be caught red handed by conducting sting operations on the clinics. This would surely help in improvement of
sex ratio which has not been improved substantially over the last decade.
5. Inclusion of juveniles in the cases of sexual offences renders us to infer that there is lack of sex education in the society. Following
should be done in order to prevent such crimes:-
Sex education should be impaired in a decent way to the students of middle school. Since, sexual offences have been made
gender unbiased, therefore, sex education should be provided to male as well as female students alike.
Parents should be educated on how and when to teach their child about adulthood. Government can organize seminars in this
regards at rural and urban places of the country.
Initiatives should also be taken by NGOs, schools, hospitals and association of doctors.
Girls should be taught ways to protect themselves. They should be mentally prepared to defend themselves against any kind of
sexual abuse, exploitation and to exercise full control over their body not allowing any one to misuse or abuse it against their
wishes and desires.
This can be ensured through regular protection techniques sessions at school.
Fast track courts should be made functional for dealing with cases of sexual offences and women abuse all over the nation
rather than in selective states like Rajasthan.
6. Job creating agencies should fix a minimum quota for recruitment of women workforce so that women employees are
The 14% quota for women in the Parliament and Panchayats should be increased in ratio to their constituency in the
population of India.
For decrease in turnover ratio of women employees it is necessary to provide them with adequate security inside and outside
the workplace and network accessibility like women drivers for commuting; grievance redressal forums inside the
The grievance redressal forum should be composed of members who are unbiased. A lady should always hold one chair in
such a forum.
Women cells which have become operative for women entrepreneurs should be accessible to women who are professionals.
There are no revival schemes for women who face break in their careers due to motherhood, family responsibilities. The
organizations recruiting women should formulate revival training sessions and job security for them.
7. Many of the financial assistance schemes and women grievance’s schemes become operative when they are communicated
through an association / NGO/ SHG. This method should not be made compulsory. Rather, an individual woman with
grievance should be helped to join a larger group of same strata so that more facilities can be availed by her.
The schemes for women empowerment works through the channel of various intermediaries. The intermediaries should be
eliminated and the ministry should directly employee workers for the purpose.
The percentage of women representatives in the parliamentary institutions is diminutive against the gigantic male domination.
This is due to insufficient encouragement to women candidates. To curb this, electoral seats should be reserved or made
available for women candidates in alternative elections.
The better off women of the society should also put in efforts to uplift their gender. The women entrepreneurs should build
networks with various women development organizations in order to reach out to those who are in need of growth and
development. By this they would share information and work as support groups for policy making and development action
This would ensure inclusion of women in the workforce of India as well as make them more independent financially.
8. Inheritance of property or obtaining a share in the property becomes a good means of subsistence for women; specially for those
who are divorcee and deserted. Under Hindu Law, through various amendments and bills, women has been allowed to inherit
her father’s property as well as is entitled to claim her right of property from her husband’s property after divorce.
These rights should also be allowed alike in other religions, forming the culture of India.
Bridging of communication gap in through advertisement by the mass media. This would break the stereotypes of women as
subservient and dependant on their families.
There is limited access to such rights because the women are unaware. Awareness should be created by newspaper articles,
advertisements on National channels, inclusion of such messages in daily soaps (which are largely followed by women )
Uniform Civil Code as provided under our Constitution of India should be applied in this regards so that women, all over the
nation can be treated alike and their rights can be measured at the same level.
9. Slum girls education programme (www.ekya.org)
Schemes of women entrepreneurship (www.dcmsme.gov.in)
Sex ratio for India and the states/ union territories (mospi.nic.in)
Statistics of women in India 2010: National Institute of Public Cooperation and Child Development.
Essays on Social development Human Rights and Social Justice: Surendra Singh
women in unorganized sector, quest for social justice: Prof. K.Uma Devi, Dr. V. Sowbhagya Rani and Dr. G.Indirapriyadarshini.
Reforms and urban poverty : Supriya Roy Choudhary
Unorganised sector to get pension : Aarti Dhar