Protecting the Vulnerable: Enhancing the
quality of primary education
4. Harsh S.
found to be
trained to deal
in almost all
Poor level of
Teacher’s Attendance Problem
SOLUTION MODEL PROPOSED
Around 29% of teachers were found to be absent on
random visits to schools.
Setting up surveillance facility as new attendance
In this, a surveillance system will be set up in the center
of the city (comprising of appropriate number of servers)
which will connect all the primary schools of the city
Mobile phones should be provided to teachers fitted with
GPS so that their location can be feed in a computer
database system connected to call tracker
How Attendance Will be Marked?
Primary schools all over the country have a general timing from 7:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon.
Teachers will be asked to give a call to an automated voice response system from 7:00am to
7:30 a.m. & 12:00p.m.-12:30 p.m., this no. will be linked to an automated surveillance
If both times, the GPS position of the teacher is found to be correct under specified timings,
the attendance will be marked.
For a teacher if the call is received between 7:30 a.m. to 8:00 a.m. , first four times in a
month will be exempted from punishment
From fifth time onwards if call is received between 7:30 a.m. to 8:00 a.m. or later then half
day attendance will be marked & consequently half day salary will be deducted.
*Note: Attendance system is devised in accordance with comfort of teachers.
600 districts across
Avg sum retrieved by
cost= Rs. 2crore*
Budget proposed for Surveillance system
Surveillance system includes: appropriate number of internet servers, GPS system along with computer system(s).
* All of the above data provided are approximations.
Improving Quality and Quantity of Teachers
• Selection criteria should be improvised.
• Cut-Off/ percentile system should be preferred
over merit/percentage system.
• Cut-Off/percentile will be determined in accordance
with the number of vacancies i.e. top ‘x’ candidates
would be selected for ‘x’ vacancies.
• Internship programme should be brought in
impact while employing teachers.
• Candidates must undergo an internship program for
6/12 months in a primary school.
• Feedback will be obtained from respective faculty &
students before allotment of permanent posts.
• Regular training programmes for teachers.
Improving Infrastructure of schools
Providing proper Sanitation facilities
Estimated budget: 60 crores*
Providing primary Electrical facilities (Fan and light in each room).
Estimated budget: 90 crores*
Providing Amusement facilties (indoor games, swings etc.)
Estimated budget: 180 crores**
Providing Computer education
Estimated budget: 600 crores**
* • Sanitation(Rs. 2000/school) & Electricity(Rs. 3000/school) have to be provided only in
around 50% schools unequipped with them i.e. in approx. 3 lac schools.
• Amusement(Rs. 3000/school) & computer(Rs. 10,000/school) to be provided in all
schools (approx. 6 lac )
Motivation of children
*Certificates of volunteering will be provided to students by state government.
Solution for Miscellaneous problems
Teachers must not be assigned duties in election campaigns
and other surveys.
Instead an another central survey team should be formed to
deal with such grueling tasks.
Female teachers should not be appointed in remote areas
due to security reasons.
If possible proper conveyance services should be provided
to teachers particularly for females.
Motivation of teachers: Certificates/awards should be
provided to teachers for outstanding contributions on an
*Independent Budget Model*
: Rs.2 crores
: Rs. 180
Half day salary reduction*
(Rs. 2,000/month): Rs. 120 crores/month
Internship savings**(Rs. 10,000/month):
Rs. 60 crores/month
Total one time investment: Rs. 942 crores approx.
* Assuming that at least Rs. 2000/month collected from teachers of each school as half day salary.
** Rather then employing teachers directly if teachers are appointed on internship basis then only 50% salary
will be provide to them for internship duration. This saves half basic salary of a new permanent teacher.• `