Harsh narain myths of composite culturePresentation Transcript
The myth of composite culture states that: • The composite culture is pre-eminently the culture supervenient upon the mingling of the Hindu & Muslim cultural stream. • The Hindus should be thankful to Muslims for their contribution to the composite culture. • It is this phase of Indian culture which is of paramount importance as conducive to communal harmony& national integration. • Such composite cultures are always desirable.
The protagonists of this concept of composite Indian culture states that all was well between Hindus & Muslims before the inception of British rule in India. Our leaders are propagating the myth that the confluence of cultures is always good.
In 1194 AD Ghuri‟s Lieutenant QutubuddinAibak destroyed 27 Hindu temples at Delhi & built the Quwwat-ul-Islammosque with their debris.
Shaykh al-Islam of Sultan Iltutmish,Diya ad-Din Barani, Sahifah-I Na’t-I Muhammadi
Muslim culture is anti-culture or counter- culture in our body politics.
During the British rule, it was taken for granted that the expressions „Indian philosophy‟, „Indian religion‟ & „Indian culture‟ stood for philosophy, religion & culture of India. Everybody was convinced that, even though the Muslims had permanently settled in India, their philosophy, religion & culture were alien; that their rule was a foreign rule
It was Lala Lajpat Rai who was the first to moot the idea that “the Hindus & Muslims have coalesced into an Indianpeople” and “the Muslim rule in India was not a foreign rule.”Since then „non-communal‟ and „secularist‟ historians began to follow the suit.
These secularist historians claims that; • Muslims established their rule in India as foreign invaders. • They established for all time and became Indians, forgetting all about their native lands. • Secularist historians states that Muslims ruled India from within India, unlike British who exercised their sway over India from afar.
Mere permanent settlement in a country does not entitle a plunderer to be looked upon as indigenous. The bulk of Muslims were preoccupied with uprooting Hindu religion and culture within limitations. Their„Ulama‟ exhorted them off & on to make the best of their sword to root out Hindus & convert India in Dar-al-Islam.
PAKISTAN, India 1947 Trains packed with refugees-Hindus and Sikhs headed for India
The dead - Punjab, 1947
Muslims massacred the unbelievers; enslaved them; wreaked all sorts of indignities upon them; converted themforcibly; destroyed their language and literature, art and culture.
In the eyes of Islam, Hindu society was nothing more than a hunting ground of the Muslims. It was a rule of Muslims, for the Muslims, and by the Muslims. • The sovereign is mentioned as known as “King of the Islam.” • The territories of his empire are referred to as the “Land of the Islam” • Its armies as “Soldiers of Islam” • Its religious and judicial head as “Shaikh-ul-Islam”
He began to demolish Hindu temples & the Hindus were converted by reckless use of force throughout his sojourn in Kashmir. Heis said to have converted 37,000 Hindus to Islam.
Theologicalethics divide humanity into believers & non-believers, which may be Christians & heathens, Muslims & kafirs, or people of God & people of devil. This division is between holy and unholy, as if only the members of a particular religion can be truly good & those of other beliefs must be evil, however good they may be.
Try to convert the kafirs to Islam. If any of them resist, 1. Try to consign them to the grave before Allah consign them to hell-fire, plunder & loot their property movable & immovable, enslave them, menfolk, womenfolk & children alike. 2. Or, where imposition of Jizya is permissible, let the Kafirs escape death and compound their offence of Kufr by disgracefully paying Jiziya. 3. If you still find yourself too weak to deal with the Kafirs, take recourse to hejira (wholesale exodus) & bide your time.
1. Mecca and Medina, which only the Muslims are permitted to visit and inhabit and which the kafirs cannot even pass through.2. Hijaz, the heartland of Arabia, Mecca and Medina, the kafirs may only pass through but where they are not permitted to bury or cremate their dead.3. The rest of the territories of the world.
The Great Mosque in Mecca
The Great Mosque in Mecca
Pilgrims in Mecca
A territory that has never been a Dar al- Islam.A territory that is no longer a Dar al-Islam.
Dar-al-Islamchanges to Dar-al-Harb under following conditions: • When the territory in question adjoins a Dar al- Harb, without any Dar al-Islam intervening between the two. • When no Muslim or Dhimmi therein enjoys the security due to him on the basis of former protection rights. • When the rule of the kafirs is freely and absolutely exercised.
The Muslims in Dar-al-Harb have two alternatives: • To embark upon Jihad with a view to converting the Dar-al-Harb into a Dar-al-Islam. • Failing which, to migrate to a safer territory.
Dec. 25, 2003 in Gaza cityActivists wave black Islamic Jihad flags.
All civilizations are on the way to transformation into the world civilization. Culture cannot remain uninfluenced by the phenomenon . And Indian culture is still maintaining its identity, its native genius.
Many people are rather embarrassed and exasperated by the dialectical character of this great, multidimensional religion. Because they fail to find in it a stationary point to strike at.
Dara Shikoh believedboth Kufr and Islam to be the pathways to God. He wrote a book entitled Samudrasangama in Sanskrit. He held Upnishad in the highest esteem.
“Religion is one and ithas several brancheswhich are equal, true, and equally true. All prophets are equal, equally true.”.
The Buddha does on occasion prescribe worship of Gods and Goddesses. In the countries where Buddhism spread, itnever came into conflictwith the ancient modes of worship of those country.
Jainism knows no creator of the cosmos. It prescribes worship ofliberated Human beings.
Hinduism provideschoice for deity suited toone‟s own temperamentor spiritual competence, which is called adhikara-bheda.
It is a religion based on theology. Judaism isan Abrahmic religion. It is a theology more than religion
Christianity cannot admit into its heaven anyone bereft of anabsolute faith in Jesus, whereas Islam subordinates the faith in Jesus to faith in Mohammed.
It has non-negotiable belief in angels. Heaven and hell, Day of judgment; Allahseated on the Empyrean on the seventh heaven; Allah‟sangel Gabriel, flowed his words to the Prophet in the form of Quran; It is a religion iconoclastic to the core;
„Say: O kafirs! „I worship not that which ye worship „nor worship ye that which I worship „And I shall not worship that which ye worship „Nor will ye worship that which I worship „Unto you your religion, and unto me my religion.