IPR and Cambridge Enterprise (Dr. Richard Jennings)Presentation Transcript
Intellectual Property Rights and Research in the Digital Age CRASSH 2 February 2011 Dr Richard Jennings, Deputy Director Cambridge Enterprise Limited, University of Cambridge
Extracts from University’s Mission Statement
The mission of the University of Cambridge is to contribute to society through the pursuit of education, learning, and research at the highest international levels of excellence.
from its core values
the contribution which the University can make to society through the pursuit, dissemination, and application of knowledge
Cambridge Enterprise “ Cambridge Enterprise exists to help University of Cambridge inventors, innovators and entrepreneurs make their ideas and concepts more commercially successful for the benefit of society, the UK economy, the inventors and the University”
Processes for the flow of knowledge into society
Universities create, store and disseminate knowledge
Natural flow of people and knowledge as a result of teaching and research
ad hoc activities of individuals through consultancy and spin-off companies
Sponsorship of individual research projects
Increasingly orchestrated collaborations - often interdisciplinary, international and many partners
Management, protection and exploitation of intellectual property
University of Cambridge and Intellectual Property University Policy – updated December 2005
Subject to any funding agreements with research sponsors:
Researcher decides if they wish to commercialise their work
If the Researcher decides to commercialise their work this must be disclosed to the University which has the right to apply for registerable intellectual property rights (e.g. patents)
Students own IP they create on their own only and when they are the sole inventor and there is no obligation to a sponsor
Provides an option for inventors to commercialise IP independently of the University, subject to funding terms
Cambridge Enterprise Limited collaborates with Researchers to license technology to new and existing companies, and helps the Researchers to set up businesses and raise funding
Non-registerable intellectual property rights,
That arise from the employment activities of University staff
That exist without the need for any formal application, belong to the University staff member who creates the results subject to any third party rights to which he or she may have previously agreed.
Applies in particular to copyright and moral rights in literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works;
Applies to copyright in software, notwithstanding that there may also be patentable results embodied in the software;
Applies to copyright arising from authorship of a database; performers’ rights; unregistered design rights; and rights over information
The University shall own copyright, database rights, and other unregistered rights arising from the activities of University staff in the course of their employment by the University in
( a ) subject matter created for the administrative or managerial purposes of the University, including advice to students other than teaching materials;
( b ) subject matter such as examination papers and library catalogues;
( c ) any other subject matter commissioned by the University, such as special reports on its policy or management.
( For the purposes of this regulation, works commissioned by Cambridge University Press in the course of its business shall not be regarded as such commissioned subject matter) .
Release of University owned copyright materials
Material or other subject matter that is developed in the University of which the copyright is owned by the University, may be released under Open Source or similar arrangements on the authority of the Head of Department in which the material is created.
The Head of Department may delegate such authority within a Department without restriction.
When material is derived from material acquired under Open Source, no such approval is needed.
Opt In / Opt Out Opt In Opt Out If decision is made not to proceed through CE
Revenue sharing using Cambridge Enterprise Net income Inventor(s) Department(s) University First £100,000 90% 5% 5% Next £100,000 60% 20% 20% Over £200,000 34% 33% 33%
Revenue sharing not using Cambridge Enterprise Net income Inventor(s) Department(s) University First £50,000 100% Over £50,000 85% 7.5% 7.5%
Working with external bodies to disseminate knowledge commercially can create conflicts of interest and threats to the University’s charitable status
The safe option is to do nothing
The more interesting and exciting option is to accept that these issues exist and to manage them effectively and constructively
Mutual benefits are real and the political drivers to demonstrate societal and economic benefit (“impact”) are greater than ever.