Lucy Montgomery Open access for scholarly books

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Lucy Montgomery Open access for scholarly books

  1. 1. Open Access For Scholarly Books: Policy and Practice Dr Lucy Montgomery
  2. 2. This Presentation • Policy Landscape: Mandates and Open Access • Open Access Challenges for Books • Knowledge Unlatched
  3. 3. Open Access Mandates • • International trend towards OA funding mandates So far mandates have focused on OA for journal articles, not books But… • • • Awareness of OA is growing OA Journal Literature but Closed Books? Books likely to be next…
  4. 4. Research Funding RCUK Strategic Partnership Body Between Research Councils Total £2.75 Billion AHRC £98m BBSRC £500m EPSR C £800m ESRC £167m MRC £760m NERC £370m STFC £494m
  5. 5. RCUK OA Policy • • July 2012: Finch Report on Expanding Access to Publically Funded Research OA required for RCUK funded journal articles. • ‘Green’ and ‘Gold’ OA both accepted, but preference for Gold • Block funding for costs of gold OA publication provided
  6. 6. REF • • HEFCE intention to require outputs submitted to the post2014 REF to be openly accessible Consultation on how this should be achieved now underway
  7. 7. Open Access for Books? • • • • • The Open Access challenge has arrived at a moment when markets for monographs are struggling to cope with the wider effects of digital disruption Digital technology is providing opportunities to widen access and increase impact Research funders are beginning to require Open Access Many authors would like Open Access options But how should OA books be paid for?
  8. 8. Context: A Troubled Market • • • • • • Sales of academic monographs have declined by 90% over 20 years Prices have increased beyond inflation Publishers are struggling to cover their costs Libraries struggling to afford books Academics are struggling to get published Readers have limited access to the books they want
  9. 9. Why Are Books In Trouble? • • • • • • A very small market (libraries) Library budgets under pressure The number of monograph titles has increased Print runs for each title have decreased Publishers must spread the costs of publishing each title over a smaller number of copies Journals have become (much) more expensive
  10. 10. Book Specific Challenges • • • • The cost of publishing a 70,000 – 100,000 word monograph higher than the cost of publishing a 5,000 – 10,000 word journal article HSS research budgets are small Some authors aren’t attached to a research budget at all Author-side payment approaches being taken up by journals won’t work
  11. 11. Knowledge Unlatched
  12. 12. What is Knowledge Unlatched? • Not-for-profit • Helping libraries from around the world to share the costs of making books open access • Front-list titles • CC-BY-NC or CC-BY-NC-ND
  13. 13. Partners Founding Libraries Jisc Collections Max Planck Society Queensland University of Technology New York Public Library The University of Melbourne LYRASIS The University of Western Australia OAPEN Key Supporters Big Innovation Centre British Library Trust Open Society Foundation
  14. 14. Our Goals • A sustainable route to OA for HSS monographs (long-form publications) • Spread costs of OA across many institutions globally • Ensuring that HSS long-form publications are as accessible as OA science journals • Help libraries to maximize the positive impact of spending on books
  15. 15. How Does it Work? • KU is helping libraries from around the world to coordinate their monograph purchases • Libraries can choose to jointly make a Title Fee payment to publishers by pledging to unlatch a collection via KU • In return, publishers make a PDF version of titles available on an OA license • Hosting: OAPEN
  16. 16. What is a Title Fee? • The Title Fee represents the basic cost of publishing a book • Payment of the Title Fee allows publishers to feel confident that they will break even on each title • Because the Title Fee is a fixed amount as the number of libraries pledging increases, the cost per library decreases
  17. 17. Title Fee Examples
  18. 18. The Pilot Collection • • • • • • • October 2013 – February 2014 Proof of concept for Knowledge Unlatched 28 new books from 13 publishers Literature; History; Politics; Media & Communications At least 200 libraries from around the world need to sign up so that the collection can be made OA Maximum cost per library: $1680. This is an average of $60 per title If more libraries pledge, the cost for each library will be less
  19. 19. An Opportunity to Help Shape Knowledge Unlatched • • • • Libraries that help unlatch the Pilot Collection gain governance rights They will be able to help shape the future of Knowledge Unlatched through: A Library Steering Committee and a Collection Committee KU also plans to establish a joint Library/Publisher forum in early 2014
  20. 20. Pilot Collection Publishers Amsterdam University Press Manchester University Press Bloomsbury Academic Purdue University Press Brill Rutgers University Press Cambridge University Press Temple University Press De Gruyter University of Michigan Press Duke University Press Edinburgh University Press Liverpool University Press
  21. 21. Next Steps: 2014 • • • • • • Review results Develop library role in governance Repeat the cycle again with more books, more publishers (signing up now!) single subject packages and individual title options Continue recruiting more libraries to lower costs further KU South: an exploration of ways in which KU might work with publishers in developing country markets Help foster diversity in the monograph landscape
  22. 22. Making Knowledge Unlatched Sustainable Set-up and Pilot Grants and library partnerships cover set-up and running costs From 2014 Increase the number of publishers and books KU will take up to 5% of Title Fees to cover costs, reducing as volume goes up
  23. 23. Open Monograph Models – OA edition + sales from print and/or e-books NAP, Bloomsbury Academic – Institutional Support for Press World Bank, Amherst – Library-Press collaboration Mpublishing/Michigan – Library Publishing Library Publishing Coalition (USA) – Funding body side publication fee NOW Netherlands, FWF Austria, Wellcome UK, Max Planck Society, Germany – Author side publication fee SpringerOpen Books, Palgrave Open, Manchester University Press OA – Library consortium Knowledge Unlatched
  24. 24. What is Different About KU? • • • • • • • • Spreads costs across many institutions Globally coordinated Retains a market element Minimally disruptive Draws on established funding pools Distanced from University politics Applications for developing countries Conducting research around the model
  25. 25. Thank You! www.knowledgeunlatched.org
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