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Nature article: networking out of natural disasters
Nature article: networking out of natural disasters
Nature article: networking out of natural disasters
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Nature article: networking out of natural disasters

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Published online 25 March 2009 | Nature | doi:10.1038/news.2009.187. Networking out of Natural Disasters. Declan Butler.

Published online 25 March 2009 | Nature | doi:10.1038/news.2009.187. Networking out of Natural Disasters. Declan Butler.

Published in: Technology, Education
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  •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`P^*2$%,%2&*%,*1"10$*H0,O0,%0:*
  • 2. 2%%&0().#()*+#3"+&"14%)1"MP,LHVFF*)%),a7*&7017*#J*0&&"D%,I*0*2(170%,*A%(2(*+C*7(2,+$+IJ*>0&*7(*&+$"7%+,:*H(J*$%&7(,()*7+*7(*,(()&*+,*7(*I1+",)T*7+*7(*1(b"%1(D(,7&T*20A02%7%(&*0,)*%,C10&71"27"1(*$%D%707%+,&T*0,)*7(,*>(,7*#02E*7+*7(*$0#*0,)*)(&%I,()*701I(7()T*"&(C"$*7++$&TM*&0J&*c01$*G1+>,T*0,*0&&+2%07(*)%1(27+1*+C*7(*Z+2E(C($$(1*[+",)07%+,: dP,LHVFF*)%),a7*&7017*#J*0&&"D%,I*0*2(170%,*A%(2(*+C*7(2,+$+IJ*>0&*7(*&+$"7%+,:*H(J* $%&7(,()*7+*7(*,(()&*+,*7(*I1+",):e!"#$%&#()%*+,%-./,0,$$,#%12)3"45)H(*&+C7>01(*0&*#((,*)(&%I,()T*C+1*(S0DA$(T*7+*>+1E*%,*01(0&*>(1(*P,7(1,(7*2+,,(27%+,&*01(*A++1*+1*,+,*(S%&7(,7T*#"7*>(1(*,(7>+1E*022(&&*N%0*D+#%$(*A+,(&*%&*+C7(,*0N0%$0#$(T*&0J&*H00*c0&&B`+"7T*P,LHVFFa&*)%1(27+1*+C*I$+#0$*A"#$%2*(0$7*0,)*%,C+1D07%2&:*H(*&+C7>01(*0&*0$&+*#((,*)(&%I,()*7+*A$"I*%,7+T*0,)*7+*#(*2+DA07%#$(*>%7T*>07(N(1*)070#0&(&*0,)*2+DA"7(1*&J&7(D&*"&(1&*0$1(0)J*0N(:H(*A+7(,7%0$*+C*($(271+,%2*,(7>+1E%,I*C+1*)%&0&7(1*1(&A+,&(*0&*#((,*)(D+,&7107()*1(A(07()$J*&%,2(*7(*-33f*P,)%0,*@2(0,*7&",0D%T*>(,*#$+I&*b"%2E$J*#(20D(*7(*D0%,*>0J*7+*2++1)%,07(*)0D0I(*0&&(&&D(,7T*1($%(C*0,)*N+$",7((1&:*G"7*+CC%2%0$*)%&0&7(1B1(&A+,&(*#+)%(&*01(*+C7(,*+1I0,%O()*0$+,I*%(1012%20$*2+DD0,)*0,)*2+,71+$*20%,&T*&0J&*c0&&B`+"7T*0,)*0N(*#((,*&$+>*7+*(D#102(*2+DD",%7J*g(#*0,)*D+#%$(*7++$&:*g(,*`"11%20,(*c071%,0*%7*6(>*@1$(0,&*0*J(01*$07(1T*7(*&$+>*0,)*",2++1)%,07()*I+N(1,D(,7*1(&A+,&(*>0&*A"7*7+*&0D(*#J*N+$",7((1*2%N%$%0,&*>+*"&()*U++I$(*V017T*U++I$(*/0A&T*7(S7*D(&&0I(&*0,)*+7(1*($(271+,%2*D(7+)&*7+*&>%C7$J*7102E*)+>,*D%&&%,I*A(+A$(T*2++1)%,07(*&($7(1&*0,)*)%&71%#"7(*0%):*5""()*+#3"+6(*+4(7#,&"H(*I+0$*+C*7(*,(>*&+C7>01(T*&0J&*c0&&B`+"7T*%&*7+*I(7*C0&7(1*0,)*D+1(*2++1)%,07()*1(&A+,&(&*7+*)%&(0&(*+"7#1(0E&*0,)*,07"10$*)%&0&7(1&:*H+*)+*7%&T*U(+Q07*(,0#$(&*7(0D*D(D#(1&*7+*2+DD",%207(*7(%1*A+&%7%+,*0,)*%DA+170,7*%,C+1D07%+,*"&%,I*7(S7*D(&&0I(&T*(D0%$*+1*0*>(#*#1+>&(1T*>%7*)070*%,&70,7$J*&J,21+,%O()*+,*(N(1J*7(0D*D(D#(1&a*D+#%$(*A+,(*+1*$0A7+A&:H(*&(2+,)*7++$*%,*7(*P,LHVFF*&"%7(T*/(&fhT*($A&*7+*+N(12+D(*0,+7(1*A1+#$(D:*H(*N01%+"&*I+N(1,D(,7T*D%$%701J*0,)*1($%(C*0I(,2%(&*07*0*)%&0&7(1*&2(,(*+C7(,*"&(*%,2+DA07%#$(*7(2,+$+IJT*>%2*20,*%DA()(*)070*&01%,I*0,)*2++A(107%+,:/(&fh*20,*&>0A*)070*&(0D$(&&$J*#(7>((,*)%CC(1(,7*)070#0&(&*0,)*&+C7>01(:*L+T*C+1*(S0DA$(T*)%&(0&(*20&(*1(A+17&T*+1*0*1(b"(&7*C+1*#$0,E(7&*0,)*C++)T*20,*#(*C%$()*#J*C%($)>+1E(1&*"&%,I*0*D+#%$(*A+,(*+1*+7(1*)(N%2(T*>%7*0$$*7(%1*)070*#(%,I*%,&70,7$J*&01()*021+&&*A017%2%A07%,I*I1+"A&*%11(&A(27%N(*+C*>(7(1*7(%1*+>,*)070#0&(*&J&7(D*%&*/%21+&+C7*K22(&&T*@102$(T*/JLi]T*+1*&A1(0)&((7&*&"2*0&*/%21+&+C7*VS2($:*8&".9+1#&".9H(*$0&7*7++$*+C*7(*71%+T*VN+$N(T*A1+N%)(&*0"7+D07()*)070*D%,%,I*0,)*N%&"0$%O07%+,*7+*($A*D0E(*&(,&(*+C*7(*C$++)*+C*%,C+1D07%+,*C1+D*1($%(C*+A(107%+,&:*]%E(*0,*ZLL*1(0)(1*j*+,$J*D+1(*&+A%&7%207()*j*VN+$N(*0"7+D07%20$$J*0II1(I07(&*0,)*&+17&*1($07()*%,C+1D07%+,*C1+D*C%($)*0,)*D()%0*1(A+17&T*(D0%$&T*+7$%,(&T*&"1N(%$$0,2(*0,)*+7(1*)070*&71(0D&:*
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