Sexual Harassement


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Presentation on Sexual Harassment, Office of Employee Relationships.

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Sexual Harassement

  1. 1. Miami Dade College Division of Human Resources Office of Employee Relations/EOP/ADA SEXUAL HARASSMENT PREVENTION
  2. 2. <ul><li>Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitute sexual harassment when </li></ul><ul><li>submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of an individual’s employment; </li></ul>EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION (EEOC) Guidelines Defining Sexual Harassment
  3. 3. <ul><ul><ul><li>submission to or rejection of such conduct by an individual is used as the basis for employment decisions affecting such individuals; and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>such conduct has the purpose or affect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s work performance or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working environment. </li></ul>EEOC Guidelines Defining Sexual Harassment
  4. 4. <ul><li>Employee treated differently because of their sex/gender. </li></ul>SEXUAL HARASSMENT IS DISCRIMINATION BASED ON SEX <ul><li>Employment decisions based on person’s sex. </li></ul><ul><li>Title VII prohibits discrimination based on race, sex, color, national origin, and religion. </li></ul><ul><li>Harassment on the basis of sex is a violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as amended in 1972; Civil Rights Act of 1991; Title IX of the Education Amendments, College Policy. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Quid Pro Quo </li></ul><ul><li>The sexual act or a sexual favor is the prerequisite condition to employment or employment decisions ( i.e., promotion, job benefits ); or academic success or evaluation. </li></ul><ul><li>Refusal to engage in the sexual act or provide a sexual favor results in being fired, denied promotion, denied a job benefits; or denied some academic benefit, ( i.e., an appropriate grade, enrollment, participation ). </li></ul>
  6. 6. There is proof the sexual demand was linked to a tangible, economic aspect of the harassed employee’s compensation, term, condition or privilege of employment; or a student’s enrollment, academic benefit, or participation. <ul><li>Quid Pro Quo </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>HOSTILE ENVIRONMENT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The threat takes the form of ongoing harassment that interferes with work or school by making the atmosphere intimidating and unpleasant. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The atmosphere is made hostile or abusive by the unequal treatment of the sexes or individuals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The harassment is “ sufficiently severe or pervasive to alter the conditions of the victim’s employment ”; or academic performance and create an abusive working, or educational environment. The actions are generally repetitive. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>Sexual comments as to physical appearance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sexual comments toward persons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vulgar, sexually explicit language </li></ul></ul>DON’TS
  9. 9. DON’TS <ul><ul><li>Off-color sexual jokes or anecdotes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explicit questions about one’s sex life, sexual preference or sexual orientation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comments, sexually explicit or implicit, about one’s clothing, body or looks </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. DON’TS <ul><ul><li>Repetitively asking for dates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of sexually harassing terms to refer to females ( i.e., bitch ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Whistling, kissing sounds, smacking noises </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Writing suggestive notes or sending unwelcome cards </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Terms of endearment ( i.e., honey, sweetheart, darling ) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rumor-mongering about a person’s sex life in front of them or behind their back </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>DON’TS
  12. 12. <ul><li>NON-VERBAL ITEMS TO BE AVOIDED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsolicited or inappropriate gifts ( e.g. underwear, night-time apparel ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offensive photographs or pictures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Staring at a person in an unwelcome manner ( i.e. the once-over ) </li></ul></ul></ul>DON’TS
  13. 13. <ul><ul><li>Kisses, making facial expressions, or sexual gestures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stalking at the office or after hours </li></ul></ul>DON’TS <ul><ul><li>Touching a person’s hair, clothing or body when the touching is unwelcome (i.e. pushing one’s hair out of face, back massages) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. NON-VERBAL ITEMS TO BE AVOIDED <ul><ul><li>Standing inappropriately close to someone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hugging and kissing when its uninvited </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rubbing against someone when it is uninvited </li></ul></ul>DON’TS
  15. 15. DO’ S <ul><ul><li>Listen, sympathize, but don’t judge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t delay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take the report seriously </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respond to concerns </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><ul><li>Document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow-up on the complaint </li></ul></ul>DO’ S <ul><ul><li>Avoid using “dangerous words” such as, “It’s just teasing – no big deal” </li></ul></ul>
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