Speech Development and Speech Impairments


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Speech Development and Speech Impairments

  1. 1. Course: Theory of Second Language Acquisition Lecturer: Dr. Nasiruddin Sainu Material: Speech Development And Speech Impairments Presenter: Agussatriana
  2. 2. SPEECH DEVELOPMENT AND SPEECH IMPAIRMENTS The Development of Speech Production Definition and Information about Speech Impairments in Children
  3. 3. The Development of Speech Learning to Say Word accurately Children follow similar pattern The development start at 12-15 months
  4. 4. Steps of Speech Pattern of Children Speech Development 1 • Speech Pattern in Two-Years Old 2 • Speech Pattern of Three Years Old 3 • Speech Pattern of Four to Five Years Old
  5. 5. Speech Patters in Two Years Old  50 words in their spoken  Begin to use combination words  Miss off the last consonant of a word  Miss off the last sounds in consonant cluster  Word with two syllables consonant and vowel are repeated  Most of sound are voiced
  6. 6. Speech Patters of Three Years Old  Consonant clusters still sometimes reduced  The sounds ‘th’, ‘sh’, ‘zh’, ‘ch’, ‘j’ and ‘r’ might still be missing
  7. 7. Speech Patters of Four to Five Years Old  children start school between the ages of 4 and 5 they will have acquired they will have acquired most speech sounds, and are rarely unintelligible  Children with delayed speech development at age 4 or 5 continue to use the patterns that two- and three- year-olds use.  Their vocabularies are likely to be more extensive
  8. 8. Development of speech from age two to seven years: typical error patterns 1 • Error patterns found in normally developing children that involve missing (deleting) sounds from words or syllables 2 • Common error patterns found in typically developing children where a sound in a word is influenced by another sound in that word 3 • Common error patterns found in typically developing children affecting place of articulation 4 • Common error patterns found in typically developing children affecting manner of articulation 5 • Combinations of speech patterns in typical development 6 • Ages by which speech sounds are usually present
  9. 9. Speech Impairments Phonological impairments Other types of speech impairment Literacy and the development of phonological awareness
  10. 10. Phonological Impairments • Can you stand up? >> tan you dand up? Phonological delay: developmental error patterns used consistently • Up >> ut Phonological disorder: unusual patterns used consistently • Hello >> ello Phonological disorder: inconsistent speech patterns
  11. 11. Other Types of Speech Impairments Articulation Disorders Developmental verbal dyspraxia (DVD)
  12. 12. Articulation Disorder  One in 12 has a specific problem with the articulation of one or more Sounds.  These are often the fricatives and approximants.  Have a specific difficulty with learning to say the ‘l’ or ‘r’ sound.  Children with phonological impairments may have articulation problems.
  13. 13. Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia (DVD)  Characterized by specific difficulties in planning organizing and sequencing the movements required for speech  The disorder is uncommon, and teaching staff will rarely meet children with this type of speech impairment.
  14. 14. Literacy and the Development of Phonological Awareness Phonological Awareness Development of Phonological Awareness Phonological awareness in the child with a phonological impairment
  15. 15. Wassalamualaikum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh