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12. pieter mathys oes - ocean energy systems

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OES …

OES
Ocean Energy Systems
Implementing Agreement

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  • 1. EMEC 2008 1 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys Green energy… Out of the Blue An update of the role of Belgium within the (IEA-)OES ir. Pieter Mathys Prof. Dr. ir. J. De Rouck (Pieter.Mathys@UGent.be) 2 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 1
  • 2. Contents1. Introduction AWW-Ugent2. Marine Energy?3. Energy Convertors? 1. Wave Energy Converters (‘WEC’) 2. Tidal Energy Converters (‘TEC’)4. IEA-OES? 4bis: Belgium support policy…5. Future participation: options 3 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 1) AWW - UGent• Department of Civil Engineering? – Coastal Engineering – Roads – Bridges• http://awww.ugent.be/• Technologiepark 904, 9052 Zwijnaarde, Belgium 4 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 2
  • 3. 1) AWW - UGent• Design, construction and monitoring of coastal structures, mainly breakwaters and sea dikes• Development and exploitation of measurement jetty and instruments at Zeebrugge for prototype measurements on breakwater• Two wave flumes (L =15m and L =30 m)• Development of numerical wave laboratory for wave propagation and interaction with structures• Wave energy & Tidal energy• Integral research (the holy ‘Trinity’) • Prototype measurements • Fysical modelling(laboratory: wave flumes) • Numerical modelling 5 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys Contents1. Introduction AWW-Ugent2. Marine Energy?3. Energy Convertors? 1. Wave Energy Converters (‘WEC’) 2. Tidal Energy Converters (‘TEC’)4. IEA-OES? 4bis: Belgium support policy…5. Future participation: options 6 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 3
  • 4. 2) Marine Energy?• Energy sources: 1. Tidal energy: dam (French: barrage) 2. Tidal energy: currents 3. Wave energy 4. Osmotical energy: salt/fresh water gradients 5. Thermal energy: hot/cold water gradients 7 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 2) Waves: where’s the energy? Cornett 2008 8 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 4
  • 5. 2) Waves: where’s the energy? Available wave power, expressed in kW/m wavecrest. Source: WorldWaves data/OCEANOR/ECMWF. 9 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 2) Waves: where’s the energy? Wave energy in kW/m Results from(funded by BELSPO), In Press previuousBOREAS, Mathys et al. 2011 OPTIEP site 10 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 5
  • 6. 2) Where is the Tidal Energy? Wave energy in kW/m Results from(funded by BELSPO), In PressBOREAS, Mathys et al. 2011 previuous OPTIEP site 11 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 2) Wave – Tidal - Wind Waves Tidal Current Wind Meteo Dependant Almost independent, but Depending on local Time shift of the wind highly cyclical (ebb-flood wind only (difference sea and // spring – neap tide) swell waves!) Energy density High, less variable high Moderate (5MW for a than wind diameter of 126m) Visual hindrance Limited None (except marker Yes buoys or access structures) Challenges - Efficiency - Efficiency - Capacity factor - ‘Survivability’ - Reliability in marine - Grid connection - Grid environment (salt, - Reinforcement, biolfouling) logistics. - Grid Complementary and synergetic possibilities need to be researched! 12 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 6
  • 7. Contents1. Introduction AWW-Ugent2. Marine Energy?3. Energy Convertors? 1. Wave Energy Converters (‘WEC’) 2. Tidal Energy Converters (‘TEC’)4. IEA-OES? 4bis: Belgium support policy…5. Future participation: options 13 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 3) Wave Energy Convertors- 6 main types, all of them under full development- No clear winner <> wind turbines: 3-bladed horizontal axis turbine 14 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 7
  • 8. 3) Tidal Energy Converters: TEC• Different types, but not as diverse as Wave Energy Convertors. 15 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 3) WEC: FlanSea Aim of FlanSea - Research about all aspects and components of a wave energy convertor… - Which will lead to a robust and efficient Wave Energy Convertor concept… - Suited for a moderate wave climate - Funded by IWT (2.4 mio €) and private partners (see next slide) 16 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 8
  • 9. 3) WEC: FlanSea 17FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys3) WEC: FlanSea – Deme Blue Energy (Maritime Engineering) – Ghent University (Experience and academic know-how about wave energy conversion) – Cloostermans (Expert in delivery of ad-hoc mechanical solutions and prototypes) – Spiromatic (Knowledge and expertise in the production of buoys in composite material) – Electrawinds (Renewable energy producer and grid connection) – Port Oostende (Focus on renewable energy technologies) – Contec (Energy delivery, connection with IT systems) 18FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 9
  • 10. Contents1. Introduction AWW-Ugent2. Marine Energy?3. Energy Convertors? 1. Wave Energy Converters (‘WEC’) 2. Tidal Energy Converters (‘TEC’)4. IEA-OES? 4bis: Belgium support policy…5. Future participation: options 19 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 4) ‘IEA-OES’ becomes OES• Ocean Energy Systems: – http://www.ocean-energy-systems.org/• Belgium: – Member since 2006 – Limited participation (ExCo representation by UGent)• Members: Australia, Belgium , Canada , China , Denmark, Germany, Ireland , Italy , Japan , Mexico , New Zealand , Norway , Portugal , Republic of Korea , South Africa , Spain , Sweden , United Kingdom , United States of America• To become member: France, Nigeria & discussions for Switzerland (!), the Netherlands (see later).• Roadmap: By 2030 ocean energy will have created 160,000 direct jobs and saved 5.2 billion tonnes of CO2 emissions 20 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 10
  • 11. 4) OES members world map 21 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys4) OES: new roadmap & vision 22 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 11
  • 12. 4) Synergies between other sectors 23 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 4) OES: Meetings participated• ExCo 17: Oslo – Uppsala, Lysekill Flansea – Inore symposium: article newsletter• ExCo 16: Bilbao – Mutriku, wave farm• ExCo 15: Brest – ICOE 2008 conference 24 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 12
  • 13. 4) OES: Meetings not participated• ExCo 18: Wellington New Zealand (Eyjafjallajökull)• ExCo 19: Dublin• ExCo 20: Washington• ExCo 21: Madeira• ExCo 22: Korea: march 2012, explicit question from OES chairman to send a Belgian Deleguate. 25 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 4) IEA-OES: Annexes• 1: Review, exchange and dissemination of Information on Ocean Energy Systems• 2: Development of Recommended Practices for testing and evaluating Ocean Energy Systems (links with TC114 and Equimar project)• 3: Integration of Ocean Energy Plants into distribution and Transmission Electrical Grids• 4: Assement of environmental effects and monitoring efforts for Ocean, Wave, Tidal and Current Energy Systems• 5: Exchange and Assessment of Ocean Energy Device Project Information and Experience – Belgium is member of 1 & 2, but was not a main contributor to the annexes 26 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 13
  • 14. 4) Input from Belgium to OES• http://www.ocean-energy-systems.org/country-info/belgium/ 27 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 4bis) Belgium support policy• Tradable Green Certificates – Support mechanism – Guarantee of origin – Certificate obligation Market transparancy, sometimes difficult administration (cfr recent VREG report on tariff for renewable energy) Independent of the electrity produced• Both on federal and Flemish level – But limited harmonization… 28 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 14
  • 15. 4bis) Belgium: support Energy source Minimumprice Guaranteed term GSC (€/MWh) (year) Offshore-wind, first 216 MW 107 20 Offshore-wind, above 216 90 20 MW, same concession are Onshore-wind 50 10 Solar 150 10 Hydropower (‘waterkracht’) 50 10 Others (amongst them 20 10 biomass) Aankoopverplichting ELIA, KB 5 oktober 2005 (BS 14.10.2005) 29 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 4bis) Flanders: support policyEnergy source Minimum price Term GSC to be paid by (year) grid regulator (€/MWh)Solar – fading out 350 90 20/15 (?)Hydropower, wave, tidal, earth heat, 90 10on shore wind, solid or liquid biomass,biomass waste, biogasBiogas from wastewater sludge, 60 10incineration of wasteBiogas from manure, vegetables, fruits 100 20or garden wasteOthers 60 10 Decreet algemene bepalingen energiebeleid, Geconsolideerde versie 2011. 30 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 15
  • 16. 4bis) Flanders: solar GSC 20 year, After 2013: 15 year, to be evaluated German offshore wind similar 31FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 4bis) German offshore wind 32FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 16
  • 17. 4bis) Belgium: so what is it? • Flemish support? – North Sea from low water line? Federal! – <70 kV: Flemish, > 70 kV Federal • (Nota Di Rupo July: difference transmission-distribution vs 70 kV) • Federal support? – What is ‘hydro’energy? Not defined! 33FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys4bis) Belgium: so what is it? • Flemish support? – Unclear, most likely not applicable (personal communication VREG) • Federal support? – Unclear, no clear view on ‘hydropower’ definition • Best case: 90 €/MWh, 10 yr • Mid case: 50 €/MWh, 10 yr • Worst case: 20 €/MWh, 10 yr 34FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 17
  • 18. Contents1. Introduction AWW-Ugent2. Marine Energy?3. Energy Convertors? 1. Wave Energy Converters (‘WEC’) 2. Tidal Energy Converters (‘TEC’) 4. IEA-OES? 4bis: Belgium support policy…5. Future participation: options 35 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys5) Future role / participation Belgium• Key moment: industry is at stall speed• Should Belgium form a wave/tidal energy cluster? Open debate – University representation has limitations only travel expenses, no personel budget, makes any (pro-) active or long term committment impossible – Some options: • Sector Federation: Agoria AREC? • Dutch Example: EWA: Nederlandse Vereniging voor Energie uit Water 36 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 18
  • 19. 5) Future role: EWA example?AgentschapNL Rob de Reu www.agentschapnl.nl OverheidAlkyon Rob Steijn www.Alkyon.nl AdviesbureauBlue motion energy Eric Geutjes www.bluemotionenergy.eu OntwikkelaarBluerise Berend Jan Kleute OntwikkelaarBluewater Engineering Allard van Hoeken www.Bluewater.com Offshore Engineering Monique VanDE Koepel Eijkelenburg www.DEKoepel.org Branch organisatieDelta NV Jan Maas www.Delta.nl EnergiebedrijfDeltares Marcel Bruggers www.Deltares.nl KennisinstellingECN Beleidstudies Sander Lensink www.ecn.nl KennisinstellingEneco NV Glenn Bijvoets www.Eneco.nl EnergiebedrijfEnergy Valley Pieter Bergmeijer www.energyvalley.nl OverheidE.ON www.Eon.nl EnergiebedrijfHuisman Equipment Roelof Zeijlemaker www.huismanequipment.com Offshore EngineeringHydroRing Eric Govers hydroringcapital.nl OntwikkelaarIF Technology Dhr Meijer www.iftechnology.nl industrieIHC Merwede Justus de Wit www.ihcmerwede.com Offshore Engineering 37 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 5) Future role: EWA example?Istimewa Elektro François Lelieveld www.istimewa-elektro.nl EngineeringKEMA www.kema.nl AdviesbureauMARIN Bas Buchner www.Marin.nl KennisinstellingMET-support i.o. Peter Scheijgrond www.met-support.com adviesProvincie Friesland www.fryslan.nl OverheidProvincie Noord-Holland www.noord-holland.nl OverheidProvincie Zeeland Leo van der Klip www.zeeland.nl OverheidProvincie Zuid-Holland www.zuid-holland.nl OverheidRED Stack Pieter Hack www.redstack.nl OntwikkelaarRijkswaterstaat Annet Augustijn www.rijkswaterstaat.nl OverheidRoyal Haskoning Mark van Zanten Adviesbureau Harald van der MijleTNO Science and Industry Meijer www.tno.nl KennisinstellingTocardo Hans van Breugel www.Tocardo.com OntwikkelaarTU Delft Elektro Henk Polinder www.ewi.tudelft.nl KennisinstellingTU Delft Maritiem prof. Rene Huijsmans www.3me.tudelft.nl KennisinstellingTU Delft Offshore prof Kees Willemse www.citg.tudelft.nl KennisinstellingTU Delft Wind prof Gerard van Bussel www.duwind.tudelft.nl Kennisinstelling 38 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 19
  • 20. Conclusion• Marine industry is at stall speed – Belgium future role? – Please: clarify and adapt the support system: no technology can be commercially implemented with the current policy• Wave-tidal energy sector? – EWA example the Netherlands 39 FOD Economy IA day IEA-OES: -6/12/2011 – Pieter Mathys 20