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25 History Of The Internet
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25 History Of The Internet

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PPT presentation High School Level, used as a lecture for introducing students to the Internet

PPT presentation High School Level, used as a lecture for introducing students to the Internet

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    25 History Of The Internet 25 History Of The Internet Presentation Transcript

    • HISTORY OF THE INTERNET
    • INVENTING THE INTERNET 1969
      • AL GORE CLAIMS HE INVENTED IT
      • ARPANET (precursor to internet) invented. (If anyone makes any overused Al Gore jokes they will be beaten unconscious with a 300 baud modem)
    • THE STORY OF APPLE 1972
      • Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniack get stoned out of their minds and build a computer that costs a fortune and runs no software. "Everyone will want one of these!", says Jobs.
      • HEARD THEY
      • DID IT IN A GARAGE
    • GORE HAD NOTHING TO DO WITH THIS, 1976
      • Dr. Robert M. Metcalfe develops Ethernet, later to be replaced by SodiumPentatholNet.
      • THIS WAS THE MILITARY INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX…
      • As pejorative terms, the "MIC" or the " Iron Triangle " refer to an institutionalised collusion among defense contractors (industry), The Pentagon (military), and the United States government ( Congress , Executive branch ), as being against the public interest , and driven by profiteering .
    • THE HISTORY OF E-MAILS 1977
      • E-mail invented. most common message: "Let me know when you're there so I can call you"
    • How E-mail works
    • DON’T KNOW WHAT THIS HAS TO DO WITH THE INTERNET… 1978
      • Dan Bricklin invents the spreadsheet. It will be 5 more years before anyone knows what they're for, and another decade before anyone knows how to use them.
    • HOW GATES MADE HIS (M)-BILLIONS - 1981
      • Bill Gates embarks on heroic and lifelong quest to piss off every person in America.
      • Copies it all from Apple ??
      • Did it from his dorm room
      • Should have bought some MICROSOFT
      • STOCK
      NET WORTH: $50.0 billion USD (2006)
    • INTERNET ACRONYMS (Don’t ask me what they all mean !!) 1983 Researchers develop TCP/IP, DNS, IAB, and other important internet “acronyms” . Ethernet , Wi-Fi , Token ring , PPP , SLIP , FDDI , ATM , DTM , Frame Relay , SMDS Link IP ( IPv4 , IPv6 ), ICMP , IGMP , ARP , RARP Network TCP , UDP , DCCP , SCTP , IL , RUDP , Transport DNS , TLS/SSL , TFTP , FTP , HTTP , IMAP , IRC , NNTP , POP3 , SIP , SMTP , SNMP , SSH , TELNET , BitTorrent , RTP , rlogin , … Application Protocols Layer
    • TCP/IP
      • TCP/IP stack fingerprinting (or OS fingerprinting) is the process in computing of determining the identity of a remote host's operating system by analyzing packets from that host.
      • There are two different types, active and passive. Passive OS fingerprinting identifies the remote operating system with packets that are received, without sending any packets. Active OS fingerprinting, by contrast, sends packets and waits for a response (or lack of one). Active OS fingerprinting sometimes sends strange packets, because different implementations respond differently to such errors.
    • [PACKETS]
      • A packet is a formatted block of information carried by a computer network . Computer communications links that do not support packets, such as traditional point-to-point telecommunications links, simply transmit data as a series of bytes , characters , or bits alone. When data is formatted into a packet, the network can transmit longer messages more efficiently and reliably.
    • BITS
      • A bit refers to a digit in the binary numeral system ( base 2). For example, the number 1001011 is 7 bits long. Binary digits are almost always used as the basic unit of information storage and communication in digital computing and digital information theory .
      • A binary clock might use LEDs to express binary values. In this clock, each column of LEDs shows a binary-coded decimal numeral of the traditional sexagesimal time
    • DNS
      • The domain name system or domain name server ( DNS ) is a system that stores, domain name system (domain name server) associates many types of information with domain names, but most importantly, it translates the domain name (computer hostnames) to IP addresses . It also lists mail exchange servers accepting e-mail for each domain. In providing a worldwide keyword-based redirection service, DNS is an essential component of contemporary Internet use.
    • IAB
      • The Internet Architecture Board (IAB) is the committee charged with oversight of the technical and engineering development of the Internet by the Internet Society (ISOC).
      • It oversees a number of Task Forces, of which the most important are the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and the Internet Research Task Force (IRTF).
      • The body which eventually became the IAB was originally formed by the United States Department of Defense 's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency under the name Internet Configuration Control Board in 1979 ; it eventually became the Internet Advisory Board in September, 1984 , and then the Internet Activities Board in May, 1986 (the name was changed, while keeping the same acronym). It finally became the Internet Architecture Board , under ISOC, in January, 1992 , as part of the Internet's transition from a U.S.-government entity to an international, public entity.
    • APPLE’S SUCCESS IN SCHOOLS
      • NEW STUFF FOR SCHOOLS, no one else would use them
      • Apple's low-cost computers for schools offers an affordable way to give kids training in software they will never use.
      • It wasn’t really low cost
      • YOU HAD TO GET ANYTHING FROM APPLE or it would not work
    • THERE’S WHERE GORE COMES IN - ( 1990 )
      • HE MADE the military give it up
      • He got the IVY League schools to give it up too
      • Scientists develop sexy buzzword "Internet" to replace awkward term "ARPANET"
    • The Arpanet
    • THE ARPANET
      • The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) developed by ARPA of the U.S. Department of Defense was the world's first operational packet switching network, and the progenitor of the global Internet .
      • Progenitor means ancestor (I just like using big words!)
    • FIRST ISP CREATED 1990
      • First ISP created. Business is slow due to the fact that the Internet has no purpose, nobody knows about it, and more people own Betamax machines than computers.
      • I.S.P. = INTERNET SERVICE PROVIDER
    • THE “WWW” - 1992
      • World-Wide Web released by CERN. Group suggests someone invent a web browser so people can use it.
      Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire (European Council for Nuclear Research), which was a provisional council for setting up the laboratory, established by 11 European governments in 1952 .
    • Not to be confused with Netscape 1993
      • Mosaic - the first major web browser - is released. Users complain that it should support animated gifs, or at least a <BLINK> tag. Yeah, that would look AWESOME!
    • First PC reality action game
      • DOOM is released, slowing the network to a near stop, and worker productivity to a total stop. Parents rejoice as the release of the game frees them from all responsibility for how their kids behave.
      • Don’t know WHAT this has to do with the INTERNET!
    • 1994 - SPAM
      • First piece of spam appears in USENET newsgroups and is quickly removed. &quot;Well, that should be the last of that&quot;, say users.
      • I CAN SELL YOU THE BROOKLYN BRIDGE FOR $19.99..BUY ONE GET ONE FREE.
    • INTERNET SERVICES- 1995
      • AOL, Compuserve, Prodigy, and other on-line services take off, making heaps of cash. Microsoft execs begin thinking: &quot;Maybe we should look into this internet thing&quot;.
      • Clinton’s do not receive CAMPAIGN contributions from the Gates or Microsoft.
      • AO-HELL is not the real name for AOL.
      • INTERNET EXPLORER (IE) ANYONE??
    • 300 BAUD modems are really slow… 1995
      • Support for animated .GIF files and MIDI music on webpages becomes widespread. &quot;Make it stop! MAKE IT STOP!&quot;, scream users.
      • Users have been known to perform indecent ACTS., while waiting for these files to load up to their screens
    • WINDOWS 95 (1996)
      • Release of Windows 95 and Internet Explorer bring sharp rise in memory sales, profanity use.
      • Gates still getting richer, and no campaign contributions to the Clinton’s.
      • Netscape not happy, IE is bundled with Windows 95 and it’s free, plus hard to remove and …..it works better then Netscape!!
    • REAL AUDIO PROGRAM - 1995
      • Real Audio released, allowing users to listen to halting bursts of static in real time.
      • Real has a mind of its own
      • Real wants all music run through their program
      • Real wants your money
      • Read the set up screens REAL careful
    • Instant messaging - 1996
      • Instant messaging created as a way for people all over the world to interrupt each other.
      • Here is a picture of POW WOW one of the first IM’s programs, AOL takes the lead in this area.
    • AOL INSTANT MESSAGING (AIM)
    • The 56 k modem (1996)
      • US Robotics releases the 56k modem, allowing users to download even more data before their next random disconnect.
      • It’s still slower then dog snails
      At the end of 1997 there were two rival modem designs using this technique: k56flex and US Robotics ' X2 . In February 1998 the ITU proposed a 56 kbit/s standard called V.90 , which was formally approved during September 1998 .
    • FREE AOL - 1997
      • AOL begins its efforts to make sure that no human being on planet earth is without an AOL sign-up disk.
      • If you have an AOL version 1.0 sign up disk or a CD AOL version 3.0…..you got something worth money!!!!
      • AOL DISKS make excellent wall paper
    • On line verse TV - 1997
      • Parenting groups become concerned that spending extended time online is depriving children of important time spent watching television.
    • The internet - 1997 ~1998
      • Internet introduced to businesses. Worker productivity up 35%
      • Internet Porn introduced to businesses. Worker productivity down 97%
      • Scam e-mails replace oil as the chief export of Nigeria.
      • 3lit3 hax0rz, d00d: Teens become most prolific illiterate writers in history .
    • The internet - 1999 ~ 2001
      • Internet gold rush . Silicon valley geeks crushed to death under heaps of investment money
      • Napster introduced. Rampant piracy drives Metallica to life of abject poverty as wandering minstrels. Other artists soon to follow. Balance of Trade with CHINA out of control
      • Everquest Released. People give up repetitive, boring, normal lives in exchange for repetitive, boring, virtual lives.
      • FARK introduced as a service to help teenage boys locate pictures of breasts on the internet.
    • THE Y2K SCARE
      • *Year 2k apocalypse averted. Populace comes out of bunkers, goes back to playing Everquest as if nothing ever happened.
      • *The internet is finally given purpose when Scientists Mathew Chapman and Michael Chapman complete their research and bring Homestarrunner technology to the internet.
      • *EPA warns that entire surface of the earth will be completely blanketed with AOL CDs by the end of 2007
    • The internet bubble burst - 2001
      • Clinton’s out of office, Microsoft lawsuit “settled”.
      • Blogging invented. Promises to change the way people bore strangers with banal anecdotes about their pets.
      • Napster collapses. Music industry suddenly profitable again, and able to meet insatiable public demand for more boy bands.
      • Internet bubble bursts. Investors take back money and hide it under a mattress. Geeks go back to Burger King.
    • The Internet (dot . com) bubble
    • The Internet - 2002
      • CHINA STILL STEALING intellectual property, among many other countries.
      • Cats becomes sole proprietor of all your base. Every Zig moved.
      • Instapundit replaces search engines as primary way for users to find content on the net.
      • With the fall of Napster, numerous other P2P networks rise to allow users to share movies as well as music. &quot;I guess we should have seen that coming&quot;, says entertainment industry
    • China (and others..) – Intellectual Property
      • The World Intellectual Property Organization ( WIPO ) is one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations . WIPO was created in 1967 with the stated purpose of encouraging creative activity and promoting the protection of intellectual property throughout the world. [1]
      • WIPO currently has 183 member states, [2] administers 23 international treaties [3] , and is headquartered in Geneva , Switzerland . The current Director-General of WIPO is Kamil Idris .
    • P2P = Peer to Peer Networks
      • A peer-to-peer (or P2P ) computer network is a network that relies primarily on the computing power and bandwidth of the participants in the network rather than concentrating it in a relatively low number of servers . P2P networks are typically used for connecting nodes via largely ad hoc connections. Such networks are useful for many purposes. Sharing content files (see file sharing ) containing audio, video, data or anything in digital format is very common, and realtime data, such as telephony traffic, is also passed using P2P technology
    • Telephony (VOIP) (Voice Over Internet Protocol)
      • Voice over Internet Protocol , also called VoIP (pronounced &quot;vee-oh-eye-pee&quot; [1] ), IP Telephony , Internet telephony , and Broadband Phone ) is the routing of voice conversations over the Internet or through any other IP -based network.
    • The Internet - 2003
      • X-10 snapped up by IBM
      • After 43.2 million spams, and over 2.3 billion pop-up ads worldwide, someone buys an X-10 mini cam.
    • ZOMBO.COM – 2000 to PRESENT
      • Still operating after more than three years of service, Zombo is the only successful dot-com to date. Zombo.com is a humorous website created on October 10 , 1999 . The site consists solely of a single Macromedia Flash animation of the website's title and seven circles of alternating colours. The animation's voice-over, which has a vague Caribbean accent, repeatedly welcomes the viewer to the web site and claims that the viewer can do anything they want without any limitations at Zombo.com.
    • The Internet - 2004
      • Progress: Since its inception almost 30 years ago, the internet has been transformed from a primitive device for sharing thoughts and ideas, into a massive network where people pay to connect and read advertisements they don't want, while calling each other …………..
      • “GOTTA CENSOR THAT FOLKS” …sorry.
    • The internet….., THE END